AP English and Comp Midterm Review

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  1. when an author seems to be trying really, really hard to make his audience feel something lofty, noble, or elevated but then descends to the trival and/or stupid
    bathos
  2. Why are people born? Why do they die? And why do they spend so much of the intervening time wearing digital watches?

    Ha.

    What is this an example of?
    bathos
  3. A specific type of parallelism that consists of two parallel phrases in which corresponding words or phrases are placed in the opposite order
    chiasmus
  4. "Beauty is truth, truth beauty"        

     "Fair is foul, foul is fair" 

    What are these examples of?
    chiasmus
  5. this is used in an argumentative writing where one acknowledges a point made by one's opponent
    concession
  6. “An individual does have their own right to freedom, but medical evidence proves that second hand smoking is harmful. Nobody has the right to harm the health of another and smoking does just that.”

    What is this an example of?
    concession
  7. a kind of metaphor that compares two very unlikely things in a surprising and clever way
    conceit
  8. John Donn's love poem, "The Flea", uses a pesky little bug to show that there is no reason for his love to deny him sexually. In doing so, what rhetorical device is used?
    conceit
  9. refers to the momentary variations in rhythm, like when it speeds up or slows down
    cadence
  10. “It is not the sunset
    Nor the pale green sky
    Shimmering through the curtain
    Of the silver birch,
    Nor the quietness;
    It is not the hopping
    Of the little birds
    Upon the lawn,
    Nor the darkness
    Stealing over all things
    That moves me…”

    What is this an example of?
    cadence
  11. "Listen, kid. I wasn't born yesterday"

    What is this an example of?
    colloquialism
  12. common, informal words or sayings, that often, but do not always, express a sentiment that's different from what they literally mean
    colloquialism
  13. used to impart morals or to teach us something about religion, philosophy, history, or politics
    didactic
  14. Here is a poor burdened sinner. I come from the City of Destruction, but am going to Mount Zion, that I may be delivered from the Wrath to come; I would therefore, Sir, since I am informed that by this Gate is the Way thither, know if you are willing to let me in?

    What is this an example of?
    didactic
  15. a poem or song written in honor of someone or something deceased
    elegy
  16. the study of the history of words, their origin, and how they were formed
    etymology
  17. a nice way of saying something not so nice
    euphemism
  18. Rather than saying a child is disabled, my teacher said "He is a special child". 

    What is this an example of?
    euphemism
  19. a figure of speech in which abstract ideas and principles are described in terms of characters, figures, or events
    allegory
  20. word choice that creates the tone of a writing
    diction
  21. how words and phrases relate to each other
    syntax
  22. a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem
    extended metaphor
  23. a stylistic device in which several coordinating conjunctions are used in succession in order to achieve an artistic effect
    polysyndeton
  24. “We have ships and men and money and stores,”

    What is this an example of?
    polysyndeton
  25. a play on words
    pun
  26. “Tickler was a wax-ended piece of cane, worn smooth by collision with my tickled frame.”

    What is this an example of?
    pun
  27. denotes speech or writing that attacks, insults, or denounces a person, topic, or institution
    invective
  28. “I cannot but conclude the bulk of your natives to be the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the earth.”

    What is this an example of?
    invective
  29. a statement that contradicts itself, yet somehow seems true still
    paradox
  30. "Do I contradict myself?Very well then. . . . I contradict myself;I am large . . . .I contain multitudes."

    What is this an example of?
    paradox
  31. a literary technique in which two or more ideas, places, characters and their actions are placed side by side in a narrative or a poem for the purpose of developing comparisons and contrasts
    juxtaposition
  32. “O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!
    It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night
    Like a rich jewel in an Ethiope’s ear;”

    What is this an example of?
    juxtaposition
  33. "I am the Walrus"

    What is this an example of?
    metaphors
  34. a figure of speech which employs an understatement by using double negatives or, in other words, positive statement is expressed by negating its opposite expressions
    litotes
  35. "William Shakespeare was not a bad playwright at all."

    What is this an example of?
    litotes
  36. The pen is mightier than the sword. (Pen refers to written words and sword to military force.)

    What is this an example of?
    metonymy
  37. a figure of speech that replaces the name of a thing with the name of something else with which it is closely associated
    metonymy
  38. a figurative language that gives human traits (qualities, feelings, action, or characteristics) to non-living objects (things, colors, qualities, or ideas).
    personifaction
  39. “It was the early afternoon of a sunshiny day with little winds playing hide-and-seek in it.”

    What is this an example of?
    personification
  40. a figure of speech that puts together two seemingly contradictory words or phrases that actually end up making a whole lot of sense
    oxymoron
  41. "The jumbo shrimp she brought to the party was terribly good."

    What is this an example of?
    oxymoron
  42. a literary device in which a part of something represents the whole or it may use a whole to represent a part
    synecdoche
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studiousstudent
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Card Set:
AP English and Comp Midterm Review
Updated:
2015-12-14 21:05:27
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AP English rhetorical devices
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rhetorical devices on the test
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