Anatomy Unit 3: Movement

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  1. another word for shaft (skinny part) of a long bone
    diaphysis
  2. another word for the ends (enlarged portions) of long bones
    epiphysis
  3. type of bone tissue that is on the outside of bones and is very strong and dense
    compact (cortical)
  4. type of bone tissue on the inside of bones that give the bones flexibility and makes them lighter weight
    spongy (cancellous)
  5. type of bone cell that composes osteons
    osteocyte
  6. type of bone cell that makes new bone cells, "bone builders"
    osteoblasts
  7. type of bone cell that breaks down old or excess bone cells, "bone crushers"
    osteoclasts
  8. Function of all bones includes storage of
    inorganic salts such as calcium
  9. function of the bone marrow of bone is production of
    blood cells
  10. function of the skull, vertebrae, ribs, pelvis and sternum
    protection of organs
  11. function of leg bones, pelvis and vertebrae
    support
  12. function of all bones other than the skull, pubis, ichium, ilium and fibula
    attachment for muscles (movement)
  13. bones that have a diaphysis and 2 epiphysis (leg and arm bones, clavical) are classified as
    long bones
  14. bones of the cranium, scapula, ribs, ilium are classified as
    flat bones
  15. bones that are missing the epiphysis (carpals and tarsals) are classified as
    short bones
  16. bones that do not fit any of the other structural classifications (vertebrae, facial bones, patella) are classified as
    irregular
  17. bones of the skull, vertebrae, ribs, and sternum are classified as
    axial
  18. bones of the arms and legs including the scapula, clavicle, ilium, ichium and pubis are classified as
    appendicular
  19. type of joint that is fluid filled providing for a range of movements
    synovial
  20. type of joint the is found in the skull, pelvic girdle and between the tibia and fibula
    fibrous
  21. type of joint that provides for slight movement of the vertebrae, pubis symphesis and rib cage
    cartilagenous
  22. opposite of flexion
    extension
  23. opposite of abduction
    adduction
  24. type of synovial joint between teh carpals and tarsals
    gliding
  25. type of synovial joint in the shoulder and hips
    ball and socket
  26. type of synovial joint in the forearm and neck
    pivot
  27. type of synovial joint in the knee, elbow and phalanges
    hinge
  28. type of joint in the thumb
    saddle
  29. opposite of pronation
    supination
  30. type of fracture that is perpendicular to the bone
    transverse
  31. type of fracture seen in children whose bones are not fully ossified and only breaks part way through
    greenstick
  32. fracture that is at an angle to the bone
    oblique
  33. fracture by twisting the bone
    spiral
  34. shattered bone
    comminuted
  35. first step in bone healing
    hematoma-bleeding
  36. second step in bone healing
    cartilagenous callus
  37. 3rd step in bone healing
    boney callus
  38. 4th step in bone healing
    bone remodeling by osteoclasts
  39. bones that can be used to tell the gender
    skull and pelvis (also need to know the characteristics)
  40. bone that can be used to determine the race
    skull (also need to know the characteristics)
  41. bones that can be used to determine height
    radius, ulna, humerus, femur, tibia and fibula
  42. Connective tissue that is "on top" of the entire muscle
    epimysium
  43. Connective tissue that is "around" a muscle fascile
    perimysium
  44. Connective tissue that is "inside" the muscle around a fiber
    endomysium
  45. name given to a bundle of muscle fibers
    fascicle
  46. one individual muscle cell
    fiber
  47. actin and myosin proteins
    myofilaments
  48. muscle tissue connected to bones, voluntarily controlled and has striations
    skeletal
  49. muscle tissue found in internal organs, involuntarily controlled and does not have striations
    smooth
  50. muscle tissue found in the heart, involuntarily controlled, and has striations and branching
    cardiac
  51. thick myofilament that contains heads
    myosin
  52. thin myofilament that slides in during muscle contraction
    actin
  53. neurotransmitter in the synapse of a neuromuscular junction
    Ach (acetylcholine)
  54. muscle that is the main mover of a joint
    agonist
  55. muscle that moves a joint opposite of the main mover
    antagonist
  56. muscle that helps other muscles move a joint
    synergist
Author:
lawrencem
ID:
313224
Card Set:
Anatomy Unit 3: Movement
Updated:
2016-12-14 16:24:47
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anatomy lawrencem skeletal semester final
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these cards can be used to study for the skeletal and muscular system portion of the Anatomy semester final
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