Poverty and Development

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  1. Fomerand and Dijkzeul (2008)
    Co-ordinating Economic and Social Affairs
    UN system as highly fragmented, structural difficulties, bureaucratic politics and realpolitik concerns

    • while UN decentralised, specialised agency autonomous,  co-ordination: problematic
    • Exacerbated by limited resources/lack of political will
    • BUT org processes changing: eg UN global conferences, multisectoral approaches. greater comm. tech
  2. Jolly (2008) - Human Development
    • 4 great principles: peace, sovereign independence, ec and soc development and HR
    • Article 55: calls for development of higher standards of living, full employment, ec+soc progress
  3. Human Dev approaches - economic
    • multidisciplinary
    • Early focus on BW insitutions - SAPS
    • Highly politicised - Western insitutions promoting one sides vision of ec dev
    • e.g. Washington consensus: macroeconomic stabilisation, v neoliberal
    • THO not "one size fits all" (Stiglitz)
    • also entirely economic model
  4. Human Dev Approach: Global Conferences Rio
    • Rio Earth Summit 1992
    • scrutinised patterns of production, alt. energy
    • CCC -> Kyoto Protocal 1997
    • "common but differentiated responsibilities"
    • "polluter pays" principles
    • Agenda 21: long term sustainability plan - domestic ec and social policy
  5. UNDP
    • United National Development Programme 1965
    • main financing, co-coordinating body of UN dev tasks
    • Murphy (2006): "dev programme of the dev countries"
    • MDG accomplishment - now in SDGs
    • Human Development Report 1990
    • "enlargement of people's choices"
    • human capability
    • individuals become beneficiaries AND agents of development
    • HDI: life expectancy, edu attainment, standard of living
    • BUT arbitrary weighting?
    • BUT better than GNP?
  7. MDG critque?
    • Fukuda-Parr (2004)
    • aimed at developing states
    • accountability - 8th goal no time limits of quantifiable objectives
    • Distorts priorities by focusing on issues that seem arbitrary e.g. certain diseases singles out
    • preoccupation with quantitative - objective measures of prosperity
    • = MDGS not interpreted mechanistically + numerical targets but ? if galvanised political will to shift priorities
  8. MDGS success
    • The MDG target of reducing by half the proportion of people living below $1.25 a day was achieved in 2010
    • Extreme poverty falling in every region

    • target of halving the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water
    • but 663m still do not have access
  9. SDG stats
    • 17 goals for 2030
    • 169 targets
    • Cost: to eradicate extreme poverty $66 billion a year (Jolly)
    • annual investments in improving infrastructure (water, agri, transport, power) - $7 trillion globally
    • YET 2012/13 GA approved 
    • US$ 5,152 billion budget
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Poverty and Development
2015-12-16 14:18:15
Poverty Development nicole

Poverty and Development
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