Neuropsychology - chapter 11

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  1. 1.Which of the following factors does not usually influence laterality of function in humans?
    A)genetics
    B)gender
    C)handedness

    D)height
    D) height
  2. 2.When neuropsychologists refer to a function as being lateralized, they mean that the function: 
    A)is performed most efficiently by a lateral region of the brain. 
    B)can be performed equally well by either hemisphere of the brain. 
    C)is performed most efficiently by one hemisphere of the brain. 

    D)is performed most efficiently in a lateral motion.
    C) is performed most efficiently by one hemisphere of the brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The largest functional differences are found between _____ rather than _____.  
    A)cerebral sites; cerebral sides 
    B)genders; age groups
    C)cerebral sides; cerebral sites 
    D)cortical layers; cortical columns 
    A) cerebral sites; cerebral sides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is generally true of the left hemisphere, relative to the right hemisphere in humans?  
    A)It has a larger size and weight overall. 
    B)It has a larger Heschl's gyrus. 
    C)It has a smaller visible frontal operculum. 

    D)It has a larger planum temporale.
    D)It has a larger planum temporale.
  5. 5.The most pronounced anatomical asymmetries are found in the areas associated with: 
    A)vision. 
    B)hearing. 
    C)language.

     D)emotion.
    C)language
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The most convincing experimental design for demonstrating the localization of a particular function to a brain region is the:  
    A)single dissociation. 
    B)double dissociation.
     C)double association. 

    D)case study.
    B)double dissociation.
  7. Following damage to the left hemisphere, the most likely outcome would be a decline in:  A)mental rotation ability. 
    B)verbal ability. 
    C)pitch recognition. 

    D)emotional memory.
    B)verbal ability.
  8. You are an examining psychologist at a neurological clinic. After administering an IQ test, you find the main deficits are in nonverbal recall and the copying of drawings. You suspect damage to the _____.  
    A)left frontal lobe 
    B)right frontal lobe 
    C)right temporal lobe 

    D)left temporal lobe
    C)right temporal lobe
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Surgical deconnection of the two cerebral hemispheres by cutting the corpus callosum (and other commissures) is a ìlast resortî treatment for _____.  
    A)schizophrenia 
    B)epilepsy 
    C)aphasia 

    D)multiple sclerosis
    B)epilepsy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A commissurotomy typically refers to the severing of the:  
    A)arcuate fasiculus. 
    B)medial forebrain bundle. 
    C)fornix. 

    D)corpus callosum.
    D)corpus callosum.
  11. If you placed a common object such as a key out of sight in the left hand of a typical commissurotomy patient, she:  
    A)could identify the object verbally, but not describe its shape. 
    B)could recognize the object by its shape, but not identify it verbally.
    C)could recognize it by shape and verbally name it. 
    D)could neither recognize it by shape nor name it. 
    B)could recognize the object by its shape, but not identify it verbally.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. When viewing chimeric stimuli, the commissurotomy patients studied by Levy and coworkers tended to recognize _____.  
    A)both faces, as do normal subjects
     B)the face flashed to the right visual field only 
    C)the face flashed to the left visual field only 

    D)neither face
    C)the face flashed to the left visual field only
  13. 13.Electric stimulation of the right temporal lobe cortex of a conscious patient can _____. 
    A)produce localized movements 
    B)initiate dÈj‡ vu experiences 
    C)accelerate production of speech 

    D)increase the patient's IQ score
    B)initiate dÈj‡ vu experiences
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Studies by Milner and colleagues place the percentage of right-handed individuals with speech functions lateralized to the right hemisphere to about _____ %.  A)2 
    B)15 
    C)50 

    D)95
    A)2
  15. If the right carotid artery is injected with an anesthetic drug, within a few seconds _____. 
     A)the ipsilateral arm will exhibit flaccid paralysis 
    B)speech will probably be interrupted
     C)speech will always be interrupted 
    D)the contralateral arm will exhibit flaccid paralysis
    D)the contralateral arm will exhibit flaccid paralysis
  16. In intact individuals, hemispheric differences in cognitive ability can be detected by measuring:  
    A)differences in processing efficiency.
     B)self-reports of cognitive strategies. 
    C)galvanic skin response. 
    D)differences in processing efficiency, self-reports of cognitive strategies, and galvanic skin response.
    A)differences in processing efficiency
  17. 17.Visual images can be presented individually to each hemisphere using a device known as a(n): 
    A)oscilloscope. B)dichotoscope. 
    C)tachistoscope. 

    D)periscope.
    C)tachistoscope
  18. 18.The identification of melodies shows _____ in a dichotic listening task. 
    A)a left-ear advantage
    B)a right-ear advantage 
    C)a frontal lobe advantage 
     D)no advantage due to either ear
    A)a left-ear advantage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following tests shows a left-ear advantage?  
    A)environmental sounds 
    B)backward speech 
    C)difficult rhythms
     D)vowels
    A)environmental sounds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Blindfolded subjects using only the sense of touch perform better with the left hand at _____.  
    A)both Braille reading and object recognition 
    B)Braille reading 
    C)object recognition 

    D)neither Braille reading nor object recognition
    A)both Braille reading and object recognition
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Imaging studies have shown that, contrary to expectation, activity in Broca's area does not increase during:  
    A)effortful speech. 
    B)automatic speech. 
    C)emotional speech.
    D)articulate speech. 
    B)automatic speech
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A task requiring a subject to analyze the configuration of multiple, simultaneously presented geometric patterns would be expected to lead to increased blood flow:  
    A)preferentially in the right hemisphere. 
    B)only in the basal ganglia.
    C)preferentially in the left hemisphere. 
    D)equally in both hemispheres. 
    A)preferentially in the right hemisphere.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. According to Kimura and others, production and analysis of rapidly occurring sequences of stimuli is believed to be a(n):  
    A)specialized function of the left hemisphere.
    B)ability equally distributed between both hemispheres. 
    C)specialized function of the right hemisphere. 

     D)ability relying primarily on subcortical structures.
    A)specialized function of the left hemisphere.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. 24.Specialization models of hemispheric function posit: 
    A)overlapping information-processing roles for each hemisphere. 
    B)nonoverlapping information-processing roles for each hemisphere. 
    C)identical information-processing roles for each hemisphere. 
    D)shifting information-processing roles for the two hemispheres.
    B)nonoverlapping information-processing roles for each hemisphere.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The ability of the right hemisphere to support language abilities after damage to the left hemisphere supports: 
     A)isolationist models.
     B)supermodels. 
    C)specialization models.
     D)interaction models.
    D)interaction models.
  26. The results of tests of lateralization of function must be interpreted with care because they:  
    A)can be affected by cognitive strategies.
     B)are politically sensitive.
     C)are qualitative, not quantitative.

     D)always come from brain-damaged individuals.
    A)can be affected by cognitive strategies.

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Author:
notmk
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313370
Filename:
Neuropsychology - chapter 11
Updated:
2015-12-18 01:54:40
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neuropsychology
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Laterilazation
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