Science 11

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  1. what is the built-in maintenance of a stable internal environment
    homeostasis
  2. system that covers the outside of the body
    integumentary system
  3. what are three functions of the skin
    • Communication
    • secretion
    • protection
  4. what part of the skin is exposed to the environment
    epidermis
  5. what is the tough, waterproof, protein fiber that is manufactured in the cytoplasm
    keratin
  6. two protein fibers which give skin its ability to stretch and its elasticity
    • elastin
    • collagen
  7. What is the oil that waterproofs the skin and ensures that it remains soft and flexible
    sebum
  8. fatty layer of loose connective fissure which binds  the skin the the underlying organs
    subcutaneous layer
  9. most complex layer of the skin
    dermis
  10. what are two types of skin cancer
    • basal-cell carcinoma
    • squamous-cell carcinoma
  11. what type of skin cancer is the most dangerous
    malignant melanoma
  12. what does hair grow from
    hair follicle
  13. what is an opening in the skin
    pores
  14. what hormone regulates general activities related to metabolism and oxidation
    thyroxine
  15. what disease is caused by a lack of iodine
    simple goiter
  16. what are the clumps of endocrine glands that are associated to the pancreas
    islets of Langerhans
  17. what signals the liver and muscles to remove glucose from the blood and store it as glycogen
    insulin
  18. what disease results when the pancreas does not produce adequate amounts of insulin
    diabetes mellitus (Type 1 diabetes)
  19. what hormone increased your heart rate in emergency situations
    epinephrine (adrenaline)
  20. what hormone stimulates the body to repair itself
    cortisol
  21. main hormone produced by the ovaries
    estrogens
  22. main hormone secreted by the testes
    testosterone
  23. what hormone makes you sleepy
    melatonin
  24. what working units make up the kidneys
    nephrons
  25. communicates by means of chemicals rather than by electrochemical impulses
    endocrine system
  26. what manufacture and secrete their products into the blood
    endocrine glands
  27. what is sometimes called the "master gland"
    pituitary gland
  28. disease caused by invading pathogens
    infectious
  29. disease caused by other factors, not by invading pathogens
    noninfectious
  30. diseases in which tissues and organs gradually lose their ability to function properly
    degenerative diseases
  31. disease caused when the immune system overreacts to foreign substances such as pollen, dust, or certain foods
    immunological diseases
  32. disease that occurs as a result of malfunctions of the endocrine system
    hormonal diseases
  33. disease that occurs during development in the mother's womb and are present at birth
    congenital diseases
  34. a congenital disease that was inherited
    genetic disease
  35. diseases caused by an improper diet are broadly classified as nutritional diseases
    deficiency disease
  36. a spherical-shaped bacteria which usually grow in clusters or chains
    Cocci
  37. rod-shaped bacteria
    bacilli
  38. spiral-shaped bacteria
    spirilla
  39. a bacteria that is capable of moving is described as
    motile
  40. cells which have a membrane -bound nucleus and other membrane-enclosed cell parts
    eukaryotic cells
  41. bacteria that is unable to make their own food
    heterotrophic
  42. part of bacteria that is known as a "life support" capsule
    endospore

Card Set Information

Author:
Rayna
ID:
313446
Filename:
Science 11
Updated:
2016-01-12 21:18:52
Tags:
science
Folders:
science
Description:
Science A Beka Academy
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