Equine Anatomy Abdomen

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AshleyF
ID:
31351
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Equine Anatomy Abdomen
Updated:
2010-08-30 20:21:45
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SGU Anatomy II equine Abdomen
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Equine Abdomen
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  1. Describe the Equine Cutaneous Muscle
    Well developed (in superficial fascia), especially cranioventrally.
  2. What does the deep fascia become?
    Yellow abdominal tunic (thick fibroelastic sheet of tissue overlying the aponeurosis of the external oblique m. attached to the rib cage and tuber coxae)
  3. What are the boundaries of the inguinal ring.
    • Caudally: tendon of the external abdominal oblique muscle
    • Cranially: internal abdominal oblique muscle
    • Medially: rectus abdominus muscle
  4. The lateral crus of the superficial inguinal opening is connected to the medial thigh fascia by?
    Femoral Lamina (strands of connective tissue)
  5. What are the contents of the inguinal canal?
    • Vaginal process
    • Spermatic cord
    • External puedendal artery and vein
    • Inguinal lymph vessels and nerves
  6. What is an inguinal hernia? Is it common in the horse?
    • A passage of any of the abdominal viscera through the vaginal ring into the cavity of the vaginal process.
    • Not common in the horse.
  7. How can the vaginal ring be palpated?
    Per rectum, on the ventromedial aspect of the caudal abdominal wall by following the ductus deferens ventrally.
  8. Does the stomach ever make contact with the abdominal wall?
    NO!
  9. What is the stomach's blind sac above the esophagus called?
    Saccus cecus.
  10. Is the stomach accessible by rectal palpation?
    No. (also inaccessibe through flank incision)
  11. Where are the loops of the Jejunum likely to get strangulated?
    At the EPIPLOIC FORAMEN.
  12. How many Taeni coli does the cecum have?
    4
  13. What are the parts of the cecum?
    base, body, apex
  14. The cecum extends from _______ to _________.
    the pelvic inlet to the diaphragmatic area (xiphoid region).
  15. How many Taeniae Coli do the right and left ventral colons have?
    4
  16. Where does the right ventral colon become the left ventral colon?
    at the STERNAL FLEXURE.
  17. How mant Taeniae Coli does the left dorsal colon have at the pelvic flexure?
    1
  18. What part of the ascending colon is the shortest but widest?
    The RIGHT DORSAL COLON.
  19. How many Tainiae Coli does the right dorsal colon have?
    3
  20. How many Taeniae Coli does the transverse colon have?
    2
  21. How many Taeniae Coli and Haustra does the descending colon have?
    2
  22. Describe the cranial and caudal borders of the spleen.
    • Cranial border- concave
    • Caudal border- convex
  23. The phrenicosplenic ligament attatches the spleen to the____.
    Diaphragm
  24. The lienorenal (renosplenic) ligament attatches the spleen to the _____.
    LEFT Kidney.
  25. Where is the esophageal impression of the liver?
    Dorsal part of the left lobe.
  26. Where is the RENAL IMPRESSION?
    Dorsal part of the caudate process.
  27. Where does the Celiac trunk empty?
    into the Cisterna Chyli.
  28. Which Kidney is Heart Shaped?
    Right.

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