Spanish Verbs

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  1. Preterite regular -ar conjugation
    • é
    • aste
    • ó
    • amos
    • asteis
    • aron
  2. Imperfect regular -ar conjugation
    • aba
    • abas
    • aba
    • ábamos
    • abais
    • aban
  3. Preterite regular -er and -ir conjugation
    • í
    • iste
    • imos
    • isteis
    • ieron
  4. In general preterite is used for actions in the past that are seen as complete.
    Preterite implies the past action had a definite beginning and end.
    • Juan habló dos horas.
    • Juan spoke for two hours.
    • (Clearly stated beginning and end)
  5. Preterite
    It is important to realize that the beginning and end
    may not always be clearly stated.
    • Juan habló dos horas.
    • Juan spoke for two hours
    • (implied beginning and end)

    • Juan habló coon la estudiante.
    • Juan spoke with the student.
    • (implied beginning and end)
  6. Imperfect
    Generally, used for actioons in the past that are not seen as completed.
    Imperfect use implies that past action had no definite beginning or end.
    • Las chicas hablaban en inglés.
    • The girls used to speak in English.
    • (no definite beginning or end)
  7. Preterite is used for actions that can be viewed as single events.
    • Ella caminó por el parque.
    • She walked through the park.

    • Ellos llegaron a las ocho.
    • The arrived at eight o'clock.
  8. Preterite is used for actions that were used repeated a specific
    number of times, or occurred during a specific period of time.
    • Ayer escribí tres cartas.
    • Yesterday I wrote three letters.

    • Vivimos allí por cuaarto años.
    • We lived there for four years.
  9. Preterite is used for action that were part of a chain of events.
    • Ella se levantó, se vistió, y salió de la casa.
    • She got up, dressed, and left the house.
  10. preterite is used to state the beginning or the end of an action.
    • Empezó a nevar a las ocho de la mañana.
    • It began to snow at eight in the morning.
  11. Imperfect is used for action that were repeated habitually.
    • Almorzábamos juntos todos los días.
    • We would lunch together every day.

    • Las señoras siempre charlababan por las mañanas.
    • The ladies would always chat in the mornings.
  12. Imperfect is used for action that "set the stage" for another action.
    • Yo leía cuando entró mi papá.
    • I was reading when my papa entered.
    • (note that "entered" is preterite)
  13. Imperfect is used for telling time and stating one's age.
    • Eran las siete de la noche.
    • It was seven o'clock at night.

    • La niña tenía cinco años.
    • The little girl was five years old.
  14. Preterite ser conjugation
    • fui
    • fuiste
    • fue
    • fuimos
    • fuisteis
    • fueron
  15. Preterite ir conjugation
    • fui
    • fuiste
    • fue
    • fuimos
    • fuisteis
    • fueron
  16. Preterite dar conjugation
    • di
    • diste
    • dio
    • dimos
    • disteis
    • dieron
  17. Preterite hacer conjugation
    • hice
    • hiciste
    • hizo
    • hicimos
    • hicisteis
    • hicieron
Card Set
Spanish Verbs
Preterite vs Imperfect
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