Culture

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The flashcards below were created by user azilahussain on FreezingBlue Flashcards.


  1. FUNCTIONALIST
    • Durkheim
    • A shared culture is necessary if a society is to run smoothly through social consensus 
    • This shared culture is passed down from generation to generation 
    • Most people must conform the shared culture to avoid anarchy
    • People who do not conform risk punishment from the rest of society due to breaking the norms and values of that society
  2. MARXISM
    • Culture is nothing more than ruling class ideology
    • This harmful ideology is passed to society and disguised as common values and norms 
    • The working class suffer false class consciousness e.g. exams wording questions difficultly- working class thinking they didn't work hard enough
    • This means their beliefs and culture are not actually shaped by them but rather by the ruling class
    • Why? -to maintain their oppression, who else is going to do the low paid jobs
  3. NEO-MARXISM
    • Culture is independent from economic influences
    • Working class does have some independence from ruling class domination
    • Symbolic resistance e.g. skinheads
  4. POSTMODERNISM
    • There is little/no culture as there is so much variety and choice for individuals 
    • Our society has cultural pluralism (diversity of cultures in contemporary Britain)
    • This pluralism is encouraged social changes and government policy changes e.g. to gay marriage and immigration
  5. INTERACTIONISM
    • Culture is based on shared interactions.
    • There are large elements of shared culture still present as well as vast cultural diversity.
    • Culture is always subject to change and will continue to change.

Card Set Information

Author:
azilahussain
ID:
313567
Filename:
Culture
Updated:
2015-12-27 23:54:23
Tags:
Sociology
Folders:

Description:
A level
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