Volume 3 UREs

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  1. How many calories will four grams of fat yield?
    36
  2. What determines the amount of energy the body needs to carry on life while resting?
    Basal Metabolism.
  3. What are the three main classes of carbohydrates?
    Monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides.
  4. Which milk sugar helps promote the growth of bacteria in the small intestine?
    Lactose
  5. What is essential for the repair and maintenance of every living body cell?
    Nitrogen
  6. How many amino acid building blocks are found in protein?
    20
  7. What amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the body and must be supplied by the diet?
    Essential amino acids
  8. What are the two types of fatty acids?
    Saturated and unsaturated
  9. Approximately how much cholesterol is in the typical American diet?
    600–900 milligrams.
  10. What are the two classes of vitamins?
    Fat-soluble and water-soluble.
  11. Which of the following items is the most important in the diet?
    Water
  12. What is the recommended daily intake of water?
    35 ml/kg of usual body weight.
  13. How many grams of fiber does a good source of fiber contain?
    three
  14. In what area of the alimentary canal does digestion begin?
    mouth
  15. What organ is a reservoir for concentrating and storing bile?
    gallbladder
  16. What is the first step in the mechanical digestion process?
    Mastication
  17. All of the following are a part of the MyPyramid “except”
    Hydration
  18. Which of the following is included in the meat and bean group of MyPyramid?
    peanut butter
  19. What are the four values that make up the Dietary Reference Intakes?
    RDA, EAR, AI, and UL
  20. Which value of the Dietary Reference Intakes is the intake that meets the nutrient needs 97
    to 98% of healthy individuals in a specific age and gender group?
    RDA
  21. When are strained vegetables, fruits and meats added to an infant’s diet?
    6-8 months
  22. Whole milk is unacceptable before what age in an infant’s diet?
    9 months of age
  23. Individual requirements for specific nutrients are based on what factors?
    Sex, age, height, weight and activity level.
  24. What is the suggested amount of meals to be eaten on a high calorie diet?
    6-8
  25. On which vegetarian diet do individuals not eat meat, fish, poultry or eggs but do eat
    cheese, drink milk and other dairy products?
    Lactovegetarian
  26. To ensure an adequate weight gain, how many additional daily calories are recommended
    throughout pregnancy?
    300
  27. What is the weekly approximate weight gain in the second and third trimesters of
    pregnancy?
    1 lb
  28. What is the recommended weight gain for an overweight pregnant patient?
    15–25lbs
  29. The general geriatric diet is prescribed for patients 65 years or older who
    do not require modifications for specific disease conditions.
  30. What number of meals may be better tolerated for geriatric patients than three large meals?
    4–6.
  31. Patients should not be kept on a clear liquid diet for more than how many days?
    Three
  32. What diet is designed to minimize the amount of chewing necessary to ingest food?
    Mechanical Altered.
  33. Which sodium restricted diet is used for a patient requiring moderate restriction?
    1,000 mg.
  34. What is the weekly weight loss goal for a calorie restricted diet?
    1-2 lbs
  35. What is the recommended distribution of calories for a routine diabetic diet?
    CHO 45–60%, PRO 10–20%, FAT 10–20%.
  36. What is the normal sodium restriction for treating coronary heart disease?
    3, 000 mg
  37. How much calcium is in a serving of low fat yogurt with fruit?
    345.
  38. How many grams of fat is ingested on a fecal fat test diet?
    75–100
  39. What is the fasting period length before the actual glucose load for a glucose tolerance test?
    12 hours
  40. Which types of foods are restricted in trial elimination diets?
    Foods that cause an allergic reaction.
  41. Which food items may be tolerated on a lactose intolerance diet?
    Aged cheese and yogurt
  42. Which diet is used for an alteration in the ability of the kidney to excrete the daily amount
    of metabolic waste?
    Renal
  43. There are no federal standards for which supplements?
    Botanicals
  44. What are guiding principles that help decide between right and wrong?
    Code of Ethics
  45. Which form is used for interviewing inpatients who are on therapeutic diets?
    AF Form 1741
  46. Which initial in SOAP or SOAR covers the impression, interpretation or judgment based
    on the analysis of factual data and reference materials?
    Assessment (A)
  47. What Air Force Form is used to compute nonstandard therapeutic diets?
    1741.
  48. For which patients would you see “paper products for precautionary measures” on the diet
    order?
    Psychiatric
  49. What is the ideal body weight for a female 5 feet 2 inches tall?
    110 lbs
  50. What percentage is subtracted from the initial ideal body weight calculation for a patient
    with a small body frame?
    10 percent
  51. Who should be contacted at the 5-day point for a patient who has been on a clear liquid diet
    or Nothing Per Oral instructions?
    Health Care Provider.
  52. What Air Force form should be filled out before an interview or diet instruction?
    2572
  53. What does the Nutrition Outcomes Management and Analysis Database provide its users for
    each data element collected?
    Statistics and graphs
  54. Fear of becoming fat and the pursuit of thinness represent the driving force in
    bulimia
  55. What type of care is an essential component of the treatment plan for people being treated
    for chemical dependency in inpatient and outpatient settings?
    Nutrition
  56. To prevent binge eating and to alleviate cravings, a structured food plan with how many
    meals per day may be helpful for a patient recovering from chemical dependency?
    Six
  57. Illness common to the psychiatric setting where nutrition intervention may be indicated
    include schizophrenia, mood or personality disorders, eating disorders, substance abuse and
    attention deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD)
  58. Which medication is divided into the antianxiety agents, antidepressants antimanics, and
    antipsychotics?
    Psychotropic.
  59. Who does the Joint Commission Accreditation of Health Care Organizations place the
    responsibility for monitoring and preventing potential drug-nutrient interaction?
    Pharmacists and dietitians
  60. What are the chief offenders in the malabsorption and excessive excreting of nutrients?
    Laxatives.
  61. The goal of a nutrition education program is to improve or enhance personal
    nutritional status, health and well being
  62. Research shows that people are likely to retain what percentage of what they see and hear?
    50 percent
  63. What are the general body fat levels for male and female athletes?
    4 to 12% men and 10 to 20% women
  64. What is the body’s most efficient fuel source?
    Carbohydrate.
  65. A loss of as little as what percent of total body weight can impair a pilot’s performance?
    2–3 percent.
  66. What percent of adults in the United States have blood cholesterol levels over 240 mg/dl?
    25%.
  67. Reducing blood cholesterol levels by what percentage drops the risk of heart attack by 20 to
    10 to 15%.
  68. According to Check It Out, what type of cereal must be included on the breakfast food item
    selection in the dining hall?
    Bran cereal.
  69. What is one of the most powerful addictions known to man?
    Tobacco.
  70. How long after smokers have their last cigarette does it take their body to begin healing
    itself?
    Within 12 hours.
  71. Total fitness is the ability to perform physical activities while being free of
    health problems.
  72. Which Air Force Instruction governs the fitness program?
    10–248.
  73. What subjects other than good nutrition may you be asked to lecture on by a special interest
    group?
    Subject of specific dietary interest to that group.
  74. What is the first thing you should do before preparing dietary information for a
    presentation?
    Get some background information on the subject being requested.

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goudatwist
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Filename:
Volume 3 UREs
Updated:
2016-01-01 15:52:07
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Unit Review Questions (Volume 3)
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