PPP

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  1. retention pond
    pond thats designed to hold water indefinitely. it always maintains a certain capacity of water.
  2. detention pond
    low lying area that is designed to temporarily hold a set amount of water while slowing draining to another location
  3. defensible space
    also know as "crime prevention through enviornmental design"(CPTED) - the idea that crime and deliquency can be controled and mitgated through environmental design and building design. (it relates an individuals environment to his expectation of crime in the community)
  4. four factors that make a defensible space
    territorial - the idea that ones home is sacred.natural surveillance - residences ability to see whats happening.image - physical design to impart a sense of security.milieu (environment) - other features that may affect security (ie proximity to police, substation or busy commercial area)
  5. new urbanism
    • trend toward the restoration of community and concern for a more sustainable environment. (walkability is key, mixed use)
    • CNU (congress of new urbanism) started in 1993. architects peter calthrope, andres duany, elizabeth moule, stefano polyzoide, peter katz.
  6. culvert
    a pipelike construction of concrete that passes under a road to allow drainage.
  7. check dam
    a small dam, which can be either temporary or permanent, built across a minor channel, swale, bioswale, or drainage ditch (they reduce erosion and gullying in the channel and allow sediments and pollutants to settle) They also lower the speed of water flow during storm events
  8. a small dam, which can be either temporary or permanent, built across a minor channel, swale, bioswale, or drainage ditch (they reduce erosion and gullying in the channel and allow sediments and pollutants to settle) They also lower the speed of water flow during storm events
    check dam
  9. weir
    a low dam built across a stream to raise its level or divert its flow
  10. a low dam built across a stream to raise its level or divert its flow
    weir
  11. international style
    1920s Western Europe efforts to industrialize craft traditions bauhaus - concerned with reconciling craft tradition and industrial technology lecorbusier, mies vander rohe, walter Gropius
  12. Amortization
    used in the context of zoning regulations and describes the time in which a property owner has to relocate when the property's use constitutes a pre-existing nonconforming use under zoning regulations
  13. used in the context of zoning regulations and describes the time in
    which a property owner has to relocate when the property's use constitutes a pre-existing nonconforming use under zoning regulationsamortization
  14. City Beautiful movement
    -reform movement in north american arch and urban planning -1890's and 1900's -the intent of using beautification and monumental grandeur in cities to counteract the perceived moral decay of poverty-stricken urban environment - related with beaux----arts architects like daniel burham and white arts architects like daniel burham and white city(columbian exhibition
  15. Mothballing
    It is when you designate certain areas to be repaired or restored at a later date, under a later contract to withdraw from use or service and keep in reserve : put aside
  16. Microclimate of a city
    Less solar radiationLess clouds/rain- warmer/dryer
  17. Angled parking
    Usually leads to the most rapid traffic flow
  18. The US System of Surveying the Public Lands begun in1785 divides land into?
    Townships and sections
  19. Formula to find min horizontal distance between contour lines?
    L=D/G L: min distance between contour linesD: vertical change in height between contour linesG: max gradient
  20. Sidewalk width
    Recommended 5ft
  21. Utilities
    Most commonly located anywhere in right of way, away from buildable property
  22. 2% slope
    1/4 in per foot
  23. 1% slope
    1/8 inch per foot
  24. Imageability
    Study to determine how existing buildings, streets, and public spaces contribute to the neighborhoods image.Reference Kevin Lynch book
  25. Insolation
    Total solar radiation on a horizontal surface
  26. Conductivity
    Rate at which heat flows through a material
  27. Tax base
    Object on which a tax is calculated
  28. Superblock
    Large parcel of land designed to minimize the impact of the car on residential/development in which access to interior lots is provided by cul-de-sacs branding from surrounding streets and prividing one or more open spaces
  29. Proxemics
    Term coined by anthropologist Edward T. Hall for theory of cultural use of space and now used to describe the study of spatial requirements of humans and the effect of population density on behavior, communication, and social interaction. Deals with issues of territoriality, spacing, and positioning between people and how the organization of the environment can affect these issues.
  30. Planned unit development (PUD)
    A large parcel of land, typically with a max of uses, that has been designed and laid out according to principals approved by the local planning authority and often with citizen input. A PUD is commonly used to develop land in a way that ordinarily would not be allowed based on normal planning and zoning restrictions of a jurisdiction.
  31. Contextualism
    The belief that new buildings should be designed to harmonize with other buildings and elements in the vicinity
  32. Catchmen area
    The belief that new buildings should be designed to harmonize with other buildings and elements in the vicinity
  33. Infiltration basin
    Construction designed to retain stormwater until it can seep into the ground
  34. Bioswale
    Construction that is designed to allow sediment to settle while water drains into the ground
  35. What is battering?
    Construction that is designed to allow sediment to settle while water drains into the ground
  36. What is soil load test?
    Determines the design load of soil by applying steadily increasing loads on a platform placed on a site
  37. What is a dry sample boring?
    Method of extracting soil samples
  38. What is a pit test?
    A pit dug in the soil to allow visual inspection of soil.
  39. What is proctor test?
    Optimum compaction of site fill based on its density and optimum moisture content.
  40. What is a trench drain?
    Continuous drain placed at ground level and designed to catch runoff and divert it to a storm sewer, retention pond, or some other type of drainage collection system.
  41. What is a leader line?
    Off of a gutter, while a strip drain is a type of subdrain
  42. What is french drain?
    Sometimes called a subdrain, is a type of perimeter foundation subsurface drainage system. A continuous perforated pipe placed near the footing of a foundation in a depth lined with a filter fabric.
  43. What is most efficient orientation of bldg.?
    For a rectangular bldg with long axis, 15 degrees east of south
  44. What are swales?
    Direct water around an existing object
  45. What are crowns?
    Direct water around an existing object
  46. what is riprap?
    rock along a watercourse or drainage area designed to prevent erosion
  47. what is a silt fence?
    a shallow ditch lined with grass or other ground cover
  48. when and where was the first zoning ordinance passed?
    1916 in New York City
  49. what is a silt fence?
    a temporary construction designed to filter water runoff from a construction site and trap sediment before it is washed into drains or nearby bodies of water
  50. basic allowable floor area of a planned building may be increased by what?
    1) adding a sprinkler system2) increasing the amount of open space between the building and the property lines
  51. Standard Projected Flood (SPF)
    a flood that may be expected from the most severe combination of meteorological and hydrological conditions in a particular location, excluding extremely rare combination as with a PMF, SPFs are typically expressed as a probability frequency
  52. Probable Maximum Flood (PMF)
    the most severe flood that may reasonably be possible for a particular location
  53. protector test
    determines the optimum compaction of site fill base on its density and optimum moisture content
  54. Cool Climates
    compact formslarge south facing windows with small windows east/west, minimal windows on northuse interior materials with high thermal massinclude summer shading for glazed areasdark colors for exterior
  55. Temperate Climate
    rectangular buildings with long direction along east/west axis facing slightly eastshading in summer, allow sun on glazing and building in winteruse south facing openings to capture winter sunlightuse cooling effects of wind in summer and block in winteruse medium colors for exterior
  56. Hot-Humid Climates
    provide shade for all openingsmax natural ventilation with large openings, high ceilings and provide cross ventilationlight materials, minimize thermal masslight colors for exterior
  57. Hot-Arid Climates
    compact formsminimize openingsshade openingsmaximize thermal massuse light colors for exterior
Author:
yanniss
ID:
313748
Card Set:
PPP
Updated:
2016-01-05 00:13:50
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PPP
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