Drugs for Urinary Tract Infections

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  1. For the following medications, describe the category, action, indications, major side effects, adverse effects, expected outcome, and the nursing interventions and teaching before and after administration:
  2. Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin)
    • Urinary antiinfective
    • ? Treats gram + and gram –
    • ? Inhibits bacterial enzymes and metabolism
    • ? Side effects/adverse reactions
    • • Dizziness, HA, drowsiness
    • • Rust-colored or brown urine
    • • Rash, pruritus
    • • GI distress
    • • Superinfection, peripheral neuropathy, hepatotoxicity, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, blood dyscrasias
    • Nursing interventions
    • • Take with food to decrease GI distress.
    • • Avoid antacids.
    • • Do not crush or open capsules.
    • • Shake liquid suspension well.
    • • Rinse mouth after taking drug.
    • • Do not drive or operate dangerous equipment.
    • • Increase fluid intake, consume cranberry juice, plums, proteins, vitamin C.
  3. b.Trimethoprim (Trimpex)
  4. c.Ertapenem (Invanz)
  5. Sulfonamides:
    a.Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim)
  6. Quinolones:
    • a.Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
    • b.Lomefloxacin (Maxaquin)
    • c.Ofloxacin (Floxin)
  7. Urinary Analgesic:
    a.Phenazopyridine HCl (Pyridium)
  8. Urinary Stimulant:
    a.Bethanechol Cl (Urecholine, Duvoid)
  9. Urinary Antispasmodics:
    • a.Flavoxate HCl (Urispas)
    • b.Oxybutinin Cl (Ditropan)
  10. Antimuscarinic/Anticholinergic
    • a.Tolterodine tartrate (Detrol)
    • b.solifenacin succinate (Vesicare)
    • c.darifenacin hydrobromide (Enablex
Author:
coolexy
ID:
313861
Card Set:
Drugs for Urinary Tract Infections
Updated:
2016-01-08 05:30:08
Tags:
UTI
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Description:
UTI Drugs
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