Bacteria - Treatment & Prevention

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  1. S. Pyogenes
    • Penicillin G and V 
    • penicillinase res. penicillin
    • - inskin infections
    • alternatively: erythro or oral cephalos
  2. S. pneumoniae
    • penicillin
    • more serious: vanco w cefriaxone
    • vaccine
  3. S. agalactiae
    • penicillin 
    • alternatively: vanco
  4. Enterococci
    • combo of : amino glycoside + cell wall destroyer (ampicillin or vance)
    • if resistant (do susceptibility testing) --> daptomycin, linezolid,...
  5. S. aureus
    • peniccilinase resistant penicillin: nafcilillin
    • 1st generation of cephalon
    • if MRSA: give vance
    • if VRSA: give linezolid or dap
  6. S. epidermis
    vanco (has high resistance)
  7. S. saphyroticus
    penicillin
  8. N. meningitis
    • vaccine against capsulular AG
    • penicillin
    • alternative: cephalos or chloramphenicol
  9. N. gonorrhea
    Cephalosporin 3rd generation - Ceftriaxone
  10. F. tulernsis
    • Gentamycin or Streptomycin 
    • Doxycycline
  11. Brucellae
    • DOXY w/ rifampin for 6 weeks
    • SMX & TNP in pregs
  12. Bordatella
    Macros
  13. H. influenza
    • 3rd generation of cephalon like cefotaximine and ceftriaxone
    • for less serious infection: ampicillin
  14. H. ducreyi
    macros and cephaolosporins 3rd generation
  15. Listeria
    • genta w/ penicillin 
    • or SFX + TMP
  16. Corynebacterium
    • Antitoxin
    • penicillin or erythromycin
    • DPT vaccination
  17. E.coli
    • Cephalos 
    • aminoglycerides
  18. salmonella typhi
    • fluoroquinolone like ceftriaxone
    • nfx and tmp
  19. Shigella
    • flouroquinolene 
    • tmp and sfx
  20. Yersinia enterocolitica
    • only at complications:
    • tmp and sfx
    • tetra like doxy
  21. Yersinia pestis
    • genta and strepta
    • doxy
  22. Vibrio
    • fluid and electrolyte replacement therapy
    • doxy
  23. campylobacter
    flouro
  24. helicobacter
    • omeprazole - stop proton pump 
    • macrolide
  25. MYOBACTERUIM TUBERCOLOSIS
    • isoniazid
    • pyranizamide
    • rifampin
    • ethambutol
  26. myobacterium laprae
    rifampin
  27. proprionibacterium
    • clindamycin
    • erythromycin
  28. Lactobaccillus
    penicillin w/ aminoglycoside
  29. Bacteroids
    ß-lactamse inhibitor w/ some carbapenems
  30. Actinomyces
    • penicillin
    • surgery
  31. Nocardia
    SFX & TMP
  32. Clostridium tetani and botulin
    • antitoxin
    • vaccine for tetanus
    • Penicillin and Metronindazole
  33. C. difficile
    fecal replacement and oral vanc for C. difficile
  34. C. perferingens
    penicillin and surgery
  35. B. anthracis
    • Cipraflocxacin (cephalos)
    • penicillin but increasingly ressitanat
    • vaccine
  36. B. cereus
    Vanco and clinda
  37. Leptospira
    • Penicillin g 
    • doxy
  38. Treponema pallidum
    penicillin
  39. Legionella
    • Azithromycin (Macro)
    • Levofloxacin (flouro)
    • Doxycycline (Tetras)
  40. Borrelia burgorferi
    • Doxycylcine (tetra)
    • Amoxicillin (broad spectrum penicillin)
  41. Borellia recurrentes
    • Doxy
    • Erythro
    • Penicillin G
  42. All rickettsiae + Coxiella
    Doxycycline
  43. Chlamydia trichomatis
    • For Opthalmia neonatorum - Erythromycin eye drops
    • for trachoma - azithromycin
    • for infant pneumonia - erythromycin
    • for genital infection - doxycycline
  44. Chlamydophila pneumoniae
    doxy and erythro
  45. mycoplasmas
    macros, tetras, flouroquin
Author:
excalibolg
ID:
313934
Card Set:
Bacteria - Treatment & Prevention
Updated:
2016-01-19 12:21:47
Tags:
microbiology antibiotics treatment
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Description:
for Q. 50-87
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