Organ Systems

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  1. Integumentary system
    • Organs:
    • -skin
    • -hair
    • -nails
    • -cutaneous glands

    • Functions:
    • -protection
    • -water retention
    • -thermoregulation
    • -vitamin D synthesis
    • -cutaneous sensation
    • -nonverbal communication
  2. Skeletal system
    • Organs:
    • -bones
    • -cartilages
    • -ligaments

    • Function:
    • -support
    • -movement
    • -protective enclosure of viscera
    • -blood formation
    • -mineral storage
    • -electrolyte and acid-base balance
  3. Muscular system
    • Organs:
    • -skeletal muscles

    • Function:
    • -movement
    • -stability
    • -communication
    • -control of body openings
    • -heat production
  4. Lymphatic system
    • Organs:
    • -lymph nodes
    • -lymphatic vessels
    • -thymus
    • -spleen
    • -tonsils

    • Function:
    • -recovery of excess tissue fluid
    • -detection of pathogens
    • -production of immune cells
    • -defense against disease
  5. Respiratory system
    • Organs:
    • -nose
    • -pharynx
    • -larynx
    • -trachea
    • -bronchi
    • -lungs

    • Function:
    • -absorption of oxygen
    • -discharge of carbon dioxide
    • -acid-base balance
    • -speech
  6. Urinary system
    • Organs:
    • -kidneys
    • -ureters
    • -urinary bladder
    • -urethra

    • Function:
    • -elimination of waste
    • -regulation of blood volume and pressure
    • -stimulation of red blood cell formation
    • -control of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance
    • -detoxification
  7. Nervous system
    • Organs:
    • -brain
    • -spinal chord
    • -nerves
    • -ganglia

    • Function:
    • -rapid internal communication
    • -coordination
    • -motor control
    • -sensation
  8. Endocrine system
    • Organs:
    • -pituitary gland
    • -pineal gland
    • -thyroid gland
    • -parathyroid gland
    • -thymus
    • -adrenal glands
    • -pancreas
    • -testes
    • -ovaries

    • Function:
    • -hormone production
    • -internal chemical communication and coordination
  9. Circulatory system
    • Organs:
    • -heart
    • -blood vessels

    • Function:
    • -distribution of nutrients, oxygen, wastes, heat, immune cells, and antibodies
    • -fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance
  10. Digestive system
    • Organs:
    • -teeth
    • -tongue
    • -salivary glands
    • -esophagus
    • -stomach
    • -small and large intestines
    • -liver
    • -gallbladder
    • -pancreas

    • Function:
    • -nutrient breakdown and absorption
    • -liver functions: metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins, and minerals; synthesis of plasma proteins; disposal of drugs, toxins, and hormones; and cleansing blood
  11. Male Reproductive system
    • Organs:
    • -testes
    • -epididymides
    • -spermatic ducts
    • -seminal vesicles
    • -prostate gland
    • -penis

    • Function:
    • -production and delivery of sperm
    • -secretion of sex hormone
  12. Female Reproductive system
    • Organs:
    • -ovaries
    • -uterine tubes
    • -uterus
    • -vagina
    • -mammary glands

    • Function:
    • -production of eggs
    • -site of fertilizations and fatal nourishment
    • -birth
    • -lactation
    • -secretion of sex hormones
Author:
madrat
ID:
313988
Card Set:
Organ Systems
Updated:
2016-01-11 21:39:24
Tags:
anatomy physiology
Folders:
A&P
Description:
Organ systems and their major organs and function
Show Answers: