Music

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Author:
aback
ID:
31413
Filename:
Music
Updated:
2010-08-26 22:01:33
Tags:
music terms
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Description:
terms used in music
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  1. presence of sound and the absence of sound, arranged notes
    music
  2. emphasis of a note, which may result from its being louder, longer, or higher in pitch than the notes near it
    accent
  3. small fluctuations of pitch that make the tone warmer, produced in string instruments by rocking the left hand while it presses the strings down
    vibrato
  4. degrees of loudness or softness in music
    dynamics
  5. gradually louder (often abbreviated cresc.)
    crescendo
  6. (dimuendo) gradually softer
    decrescendo
  7. quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another (tone color)
    timbre
  8. regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time
    beat
  9. basic pace of the music
    tempo
  10. becoming slower
    ritardando (rit.)
  11. becoming faster
    accelerando
  12. apparatus that produces ticking sounds or flashes of light at any desired constant speed
    metronome
  13. series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole
    melody
  14. in notation, a set of five horizontal lines between or on which notes are positioned
    staff
  15. combination of three or more tones sounded at once
    chord
  16. most basic of chords, consisting of three alternate tones of the scale, such as do, mi, sol
    triad
  17. "distance" in pitch between any two tones
    interval
  18. relative highness or lowness of a sound
    pitch
  19. how chords are constructed and how they follow eachother
    harmony
  20. central note, scale, and chord within a piece, in relationship to which all other tones in the composition are heard (key)
    tonality
  21. shift from one key to another within the same piece
    modulation
  22. resting place at the end of a phrase in a melody, progression giving a sense of conclusion, often from the dominant chord to the tonic chord
    cadence
  23. ordered flow of music through time; the pattern of durations of notes and silences in music
    rhythm
  24. short, detached manner of performing a melody
    staccato
  25. smooth, connected manner of performing a melody
    legato
  26. means of playing a string instrument by which the strings are plucked, usually with a finger of the right hand
    pizzicato
  27. performing artist of extraordinary technical mastery
    virtuoso
  28. many different layers of sound heard at once
    texture
  29. single melodic line without accompaniment
    monophonic
  30. term describing music in which one main melody is accompanied by chords
    homophonic
  31. performance of two or more melodic lines of relatively equal interest at the same time
    polyphonic
  32. organization of musical ideas in time
    form
  33. two-part form AB
    binary
  34. three-part form ABA
    ternary
  35. symbols used to show a change in pitch
    accidentals
  36. # up half step
    sharp
  37. b down half step
    flat
  38. cancels sharps and flats
    naturals
  39. series of chords that follow eachother
    progression
  40. sound that has a definite pitch
    tone
  41. difference between symphonic band and orchestra
    strings
  42. What are the four properties of music?
    • pitch
    • dynamics
    • tone color
    • duration
  43. five main "families" of instruments and a few of the "family"
    • woodwinds-flute,clarinet
    • strings-violin,viola
    • percussion-bass drum,snare drum
    • brass-trumpet,trombone
    • keyboard-piano
  44. four ranges of the voice
    • soprano
    • alto
    • tenor
    • bass
  45. distance from lowest to highest tone a voice
    pitch range
  46. the emotional focal point
    climax
  47. what is a bow?
    curved piece of wood that uses horse hair

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