Oral Pathology

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  1. Image Upload
    • Pedunculated
    • Attached by a stem or stalk base
  2. Variants of Normal
    • Fordyce Granules
    • Exostoses
    • Torus Palatinus/Mandibularis
    • Melanin pigmentation
    • Varicosities
  3. Common Benign Conditions
    • Linea alba
    • Fissured tongue
    • Benign migratory glossitis (geographic tongue)
    • Median rhomboid glossitis
    • Black hairy tongue
    • Amalgam tattoo
    • Leukoedema
  4. Description of Abnormality
    • History
    • Locations
    • Extent
    • Size and shape
    • Color
    • Surface texture
    • Consistency
    • Morphologic characteristics
  5. Macule
    Area with a color different from the surrounding tissue, flat, less than 1 cm
  6. Patch
    • Color different from the surrounding tissue
    • Flat
    • Greater than 1 cm
  7. Papule
    Circumscribed, elevated or protruding lesion less than 1 cm (mole)
  8. Nodule
    Circumscribed, elevated or protruding, greater than 1 cm
  9. Vesicle
    Elevated, fluid-filled lesion less than 1 cm in size
  10. Bulla
    Elevated, fluid-filled lesion greater than 1 cm in size
  11. Pustule
    Vesicle or bulla containing pus
  12. Sessile
    Base of the lesion is broad or flat
  13. Pedunculated
    Attached by a stem or stalk base
  14. Lobule
    Segment or lobe that is part of the whole
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    • Lobule
    • Segment or lobe that is part of the whole
  16. Color of Lesions
    • Red
    • Pink
    • Salmon
    • White
    • Blue-black
    • Gray
    • Brown
    • Purple
    • Black
  17. Erythema
    Abnormal redness of soft tissue
  18. Pallor
    Paleness of skin or mucosa
  19. Consistency
    • Indurated - Firm, hard to palpate
    • Soft
    • Fluctuant - fluid filled, soft, blister like
    • Mobile - moves when palpated
    • Fixed - Non-mobile, matted
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    Corrugated surface texture
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    Smooth and sessile (base is broad or flat)
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    Rough
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    Papillary - multiple projections or elevations found in clusters
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    Unilocular - having one well-defined compartment
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    Unilocular - having one well-defined compartment
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    Multilocular - multiple well-defined compartments
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    Well circumscribed - lesions whose borders are specifically defined
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    Diffuse - borders are not well defined
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    • Fordyce Granules
    • Ectopic sebaceous glands
    • Variant of normal
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    • Fordyce Greanules
    • Ectopic sebaceous glands
    • Variant of normal
    • Adults
    • Most common on the buccal mucosa and lips
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    • Torus Mandibularis
    • Asymptomatic excess bone growth
    • Variant of normal
    • Develops after age 13
    • Lingual mandibular premolar area
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    • Torus Palatinus
    • Asymptomatic excess bone growth
    • Variant of normal
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    • Exostosis
    • Asymptomatic excess bone growth located on the buccal alveolar process
    • Variant of normal
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    • Melanin Pigmentation
    • Variant of normal
    • Increased prevalence with increased skin pigmentation
    • Gingival and oral mucosa
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    Melanin pigmentation
  36. Retrocuspic papilla
    • Small mucosal tags on the lingual of teeth
    • Developmental
    • Lingual margin of the mandibular cuspids
  37. Varix/Varices
    • Lingual varicosities
    • Acquired vascular proliferation under the tongue
    • Aging process
    • Most common on ventral/lateral surfaces of tongue
  38. Linea Alba
    • White line
    • Usually on buccal mucosa at occlusal plane
    • Clenching/bruxing habit
  39. Leukoedema
    • White-bluish tinge of the buccal mucosa
    • In black people
  40. Lingual thyroid
    • Developmental thyroid tissue entrapped in tongue
    • Ectopic thyroid tissue
    • Women more than men
    • Midline of dorsal tongue posterior to circumvallate papillae in area
  41. Fissured tongue
    • Deep groove, cracks in the tongue
    • Genetic factoreis
  42. Median Rhomboid Glossitis
    Reddish patch or plaque at the midline dorsum of the tongue
  43. Benign Migratory Glossitis
    • Geographic tongue
    • patchy appearance of the tongue with desquamation of filiform papillae
    • Pattern changes
  44. Hairy Tongue
    • Elongated papillae
    • White and black
    • Associated with smoking, peroxide rinses, alcohol
    • Dorsal midposterior tongue
Author:
reccarynn
ID:
314138
Card Set:
Oral Pathology
Updated:
2016-01-22 20:11:05
Tags:
Oral pathology LCC Cummins 2016
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Description:
Oral pathology for Lane Community College winter 2016
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