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The two primary areas of risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are:
a.Sexual orientation and socioeconomic status
b.Age and educational level
c.Large number of sexual partners and race
d.Risky sexual behaviors and inadequate preventive health behaviors
Risky sexual behaviors and inadequate preventive health behaviors
The most common perinatal complications associated with bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are:
a.Preterm labor and preterm birth
b.Newborn eye infections and low Apgar scores
c.Nausea, vomiting, and frequent urinary tract infections
d.Congenital anomalies and infertility
Preterm labor and preterm birth
When evaluating a client for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), the nurse should be aware that the most common bacterial STI is:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that human papillomavirus (HPV) be treated with client-applied:
b.Topical podofilox 0.5% solution or gel
c.Penicillin given intramuscularly for two doses
d.Metronidazole by mouth
Topical podofilox 0.5% solution or gel
A woman has a thick, white, lumpy, cottage cheese–like discharge, with patches on her labia and in her vagina. She complains of intense pruritus. The nurse practitioner orders which preparation for treatment?a.Fluconazole
To detect the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), most laboratory tests focus on:
Which virus is most threatening to the fetus and neonate?
a.Hepatitis A virus
b.Herpes simplex virus (HSV)
c.Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
Care management of a woman diagnosed with acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) most likely includes:
a.Oral antiviral therapy
b.Bed rest in a semi-Fowler position
c.Antibiotic regimen continued until symptoms subside
d.Frequent pelvic examination to monitor the progress of healing
Bed rest in a semi-Fowler position
On vaginal examination of a 30-year-old woman, the nurse documents the following findings: profuse, thin, grayish-white vaginal discharge with a “fishy” odor; complains of pruritus. Based on these findings, the nurse suspects that this woman has:
Which viral sexually transmitted infection is characterized by a primary infection followed by recurrent episodes?
a.Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2)
b.Human papillomavirus (HPV)
c.Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Herpes simplex virus 2
The nurse should know that once the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) enters the body, seroconversion to HIV positivity usually occurs within:
a.6 to 10 days
b.2 to 4 weeks
c.6 to 12 weeks
A 25-year-old single female comes to the gynecologist’s office for a follow-up visit related to her abnormal Pap smear. The test revealed that the client has human papillomavirus (HPV). The client asks, “What is that? Can you get rid of it?” Your best response is:
a.“It’s just a little lump on your cervix. We can just freeze it off.”
b.“HPV stands for ‘human papillomavirus.’ It is a sexually transmitted infection that may lead to cervical cancer.”
c.“HPV is a type of early human immunodeficiency virus. You will die from this.”
d.“You probably caught this from your current boyfriend. He should get tested for this.”
“HPV stands for ‘human papillomavirus.’ It is a sexually transmitted infection that may lead to cervical cancer.”
Which sexually transmitted infection is not bacterial and thus not treatable with antibiotics?
Which statement about the various forms of hepatitis is accurate?
a.A vaccine exists for hepatitis C but not for hepatitis B.
b.Hepatitis A is acquired by eating contaminated food or drinking polluted water.
c.Hepatitis B is less contagious than human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
d.The incidence of hepatitis C is decreasing.
Hepatitis A is acquired by eating contaminated food or drinking polluted water.
A saline wet smear (vaginal secretions mixed with normal saline on a glass slide) is the test for:
Examples of sexual risk behaviors associated with exposure to a sexually transmitted infection (STI) include (choose all that apply):
b.Unprotected anal intercourse
c.Multiple sex partners
- Unprotected anal intercourse
- Multiple sex partners
Which statements are true? Choose all that apply.
a.Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are thought to be less common in pregnant women than in women who are not pregnant.
b.HPV infections are thought to be more common in pregnant women than in women who are not pregnant.
c.HPV infection previously was called genital warts.
d.HPV infection previously was called herpes.
e.HPV may cause cancer.
- HPV infections are thought to be more common in pregnant women than in women who are not pregnant.
- HPV infection previously was called genital warts.
- HPV may cause cancer.
A 23-year-old primiparous client with inconsistent prenatal care is admitted to the hospital’s maternity unit in labor. The client states that she has tested positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) but has not undergone any treatment during her pregnancy. As her primary nurse you understand that the risk of perinatal transmission can be significantly decreased by a number of prophylactic interventions. Select the appropriate interventions that should be included in this client’s plan of care:
a.Intrapartum treatment with antiviral medications
c.Postpartum treatment with antiviral medications
d.Avoidance of breastfeeding
e.Pneumococcal, hepatitis B, and Haemophilus influenzae vaccine
- Intrapartum treatment with antiviral medications
- Cesarean birth
- Avoidance of breastfeeding
TORCH stands for:
- Other infections
- Herpes simplex virus
The Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction is an acute febrile reaction associated with treatment for __________________.
Rates of syphilis in the United States among women, especially African-Americans, have continued to rise since 2004. Is this statement true or false?