Chem 11 Test 2

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  1. Solution
    Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
  2. Solute
    Substances that are present in smaller amounts
  3. Solvent
    Substance that is present in the largest amount
  4. Electrolyte
    A solute that conducts electricity when dissolved in water
  5. Non-Electrolyte
    A solute that does not conduct electricity when dissolved in water
  6. Molarity Formula
    Molarity = moles of solute/liters of solution
  7. Precipitation Reaction
    An insoluble solid that separates from a solution during a precipitation reaction
  8. Ionic Equation
    Shows all dissolved species as free ions
  9. Net Ionic Equation
    Shows only the species involved in the reaction
  10. Properties of Acids
    • Proton Donor
    • Have a sour taste 
    • Change litmus dye from blue to red
    • Aq conduct electricity
  11. Properties of Bases
    • Proton Acceptor
    • Bitter taste and feels slippery
    • Change litmus dye from red to blue
    • Aq solutions conduct electricity
  12. Strong Acids
    • HCl - Hydrochloric Acid 
    • HBr - Hydrobromic Acid
    • HI - Hydroiodic Acid
    • HNO3 - Nitric Acid
    • H2SO4 - Sulfuric Acid
    • HClO4 - Perchloric Acid
  13. Oxidation Reaction
    Rxn that loses electrons
  14. Reduction Reaction
    Rxn that gains electrons
  15. OIL RIG
    • Oxidation Is Loss e-
    • Reduction Is Gain e-
  16. Reducing Agent
    Causes an element like O2 to be reduced because of another element like Mg
  17. Oxidizing Agent
    When an element takes e- from another one it oxidizes the element it takes it from
  18. Daltons Law of Partial Pressure
    Pi = Xi * PT where Xi = ni/nt
  19. Density for Gas
    • D = PM/RT where M = molar mass 
    • Also another Variation is:
    • M = dRT/P
  20. Ideal Gas Law
    • PV = nRT
    • R is the gas constant
  21. Combined Gas Law
    P1*V1/n1*T1 = P2*V2/n2*T2
  22. Charles Law Formulas
    • V1/T1 = V2/T2
    • and
    • P1/T1 = P2/T2
  23. Boyles Law
    P1*V1 = P2*V2
  24. Atmospheric Pressure Conversions
    1 at = 760 mmHg = 760 torr

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Author:
Dnuorgrednu2
ID:
314262
Filename:
Chem 11 Test 2
Updated:
2016-01-19 19:34:49
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Chem 11 Test
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Chem 11 Test 2
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