Exploring Music

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  1. Sound
    Sound begins with the vibration of an object

    Transmitted through the medium of air or water

    Impulses transmitted to the brain
  2. HOW DO WE DISTINGUISH
    MUSIC FROM OTHER SOUNDS?
    • Pitch
    • Dynamics
    • Tone Color
    • Duration
  3. Pitch
    Highness or lowness of sound
  4. TONE
    A sound that has a definite pitch

    Has a specific frequency
  5. INTERVAL
    The “distance” in pitch between any two tones
  6. OCTAVE
    Interval between two tones in which the higher tone has twice the frequency of the lower tone

    440 cycles per second vs. 880 cycles per second

    Very important in music

    Interval between first and last notes of a scale

    The octave is made up of eight specific tones
  7. PITCH RANGE
    Distance between highest and lowest tones that a given voice or instrument can produce

    Composers organize pitches

    Creating special moods
  8. definite pitch
    piano, violin, cello, flute, sitar
  9. indefinite pitch
    bass drums, cymbals, gongs, cowbells
  10. DYNAMICS
    Degrees of loudness or softness in music
  11. Loudness
    • related to the amplitude of the vibration
    • that produces the sound
  12. Dynamic change
    • when instruments are played more
    • loudly or more softly
  13. pianissimo
    pp very soft
  14. piano
    p soft
  15. mezzo piano
    mp moderately soft
  16. mezzo forte
    mf moderately loud
  17. forte
    f loud
  18. fortissimo
    ff very loud
  19. TIMBRE/TONE COLOR
    Quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another

    Descriptive tone color words: bright, dark, brilliant, mellow, rich, rough

    Creating variety, contrast, and continuity
  20. BEAT
    Regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time

    The basic units of time by which all notes are measured
  21. RHYTHM
    Ordered flow of music through time

    The pattern of durations of notes and silences in music

    The particular arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music
  22. METER
    Organization of strong and weak beats into regular groups
  23. MEASURE
    a group containing a fixed number of beats
  24. Duple meter
    pattern of two beats to the measure
  25. Triple meter
    pattern of three beats to the measure
  26. Quadruple meter
    pattern of four beats to the measure
  27. Downbeat
    first, or stressed, beat of a measure
  28. Accent
    • Emphasis of a note, which may result from its
    • being louder, longer, or higher in pitch than the other notes near it.
  29. Tempo
    the speed/pace of the music
  30. Women Voices
    soprano 

    mezzo-soprano 

    alto (or contralto)
  31. Men Voices
    tenor

    baritone

    bass
  32. MUSICAL INSTRUMENT CLASSIFICATION
    Strings

    Woodwinds

    Brass

    Percussion

    Keyboard

    Electronic
  33. MONOPHONIC TEXTURE
    “mono” meaning “single”

    “phono” meaning voice

    a single line of music played or sung by one voice or group of voices singing in unison.
  34. HETEROPHONIC TEXTURE
    When two or more voices elaborate the same melody in different ways at roughly the same time
  35. POLYPHONIC TEXTURE
    When two or more distinct melodies are combined
  36. HOMOPHONIC TEXTURE
    Two or more voices; one dominates while others seem to be accompanying the dominant voice

Card Set Information

Author:
dudekarate
ID:
314656
Filename:
Exploring Music
Updated:
2016-01-25 06:14:55
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exploring music
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