Spanish II chapter 6

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  1. to walk
    caminar
  2. to sing
    cantar
  3. to take a walk, stroll
    dar un paseo
  4. to rest
    descansar
  5. to win
    ganar
  6. to play
    jugar (ue)
  7. basketball
    al basquetbol/baloncesto
  8. soccer
    al futbol
  9. football
    al futbol americano
  10. baseball
    al beisbol
  11. tennis
    al tenis
  12. videogames
    videojuegos
  13. to exercise
    hacer ejercicio
  14. to play sports
    hacer ejercicio deporte
  15. sea
    el mar
  16. game, match
    el partido
  17. to lose
    perder (ie)
  18. to practice
    practicar
  19. to sunbathe
    tomar el sol
  20. flowers
    las flores
  21. leaves
    las hojas
  22. tree
    el arbol
  23. water skiing
    esquiar
  24. play the guitar
    tocar la guitarra
  25. paint
    pintar
  26. to swim
    nadar
  27. to run
    correr
  28. to lift weights
    levanter pesas
  29. to ride a bike
    montar en bicicleta
  30. movie
    la pelicula
  31. magazine
    la revista
  32. to do volunteer work
    hacer trabajo voluntario
  33. to play cards/chess/board games
    jugar a las carta/al ajedrez/a los juegos de mesa
  34. to skate (rollerblade)
    patina (sobre ruedas)
  35. to practice yoga/pilates
    practicar yoga/pilates
  36. to go to bed
    acostarse (ue)
  37. to wake up
    despertarse (ie)
  38. to have a good time
    divertirse (ie, i)
  39. to fall asleep, to go to sleep
    dormirse (ue, u)
  40. to wash (one's face, hands)
    lavarse (la cara, las manos)
  41. to get up, arise
    levantarse
  42. to have a good/bad time
    pasarlo bien/mal
  43. to take off (one's clothes, etc.)
    quitarse (la ropa)
  44. to dry (one's hair, hands, etc.)
    secarse (el pelo, las manos, etc.)
  45. to ring, sound
    sonar (ue)
  46. to be sleepy
    tener sueño
  47. to get dressed
    vestirse (i, i)
  48. possibly
    posiblemente
  49. generally
    generalmente
  50. rapidly
    rápidamente
  51. tranquilly
    tranquilamente
  52. easily
    fácilmente
  53. stress
    el estrés
  54. to be stressed
    estar estresado/a
  55. That's why
    por eso
  56. to be worried
    preocuparse
  57. to feel (physically, emotionally)
    sentirse
  58. to take a nap
    tomar una siesta
  59. homemaker
    el amo/ama de casa
  60. cashier
    el/la cajero/a
  61. salesclerk
    el/la dependiente/a
  62. company
    la compañía
  63. accountant
    el/la contador/a
  64. money
    el dinero
  65. store
    la tienda
  66. employee
    el/la empleado/a
  67. firm
    la empresa
  68. factory
    la fábrica
  69. to earn (money); to win
    ganar
  70. journalist
    el/la periodista
  71. policeman/woman
    el policía/la mujer policía2
  72. full-time/part-time
    a tiempo completo/parcial
  73. creativity
    la creatividad
  74. flexibility
    la flexibilidad
  75. responsibility
    la responsabilidad
  76. tiring, draining
    agotador
  77. demanding
    exigente
  78. light, easy
    liviano
  79. dangerous
    peligroso
  80. prestigious
    prestigioso
  81. yesterday
    ayer
  82. the day before yesterday
    anteayer
  83. last night
    anoche
  84. last week
    la semana pasada
  85. last month
    el mes pasado
  86. first
    primero
  87. last year
    el año pasado
  88. afterwards
    después
  89. then
    entonces
  90. then, later
    luego
  91. already
    ya
  92. I ate it.
    Lo comí.
  93. We didn't write it.
    No lo escribimos.
  94. It is expensive.
    Es caro.
  95. It opens at 8 A.M.
    Abre a las 8 de la mañana.
  96. Then…; Later…
    Luego
  97. Finally…, Lastly…
    Finalmente…
  98. second
    segundo
  99. next/then
    después
  100. lastly
    por último
  101. in addition
    además
  102. The present progressive expresses actions that are happening right now.

    You are studying Spanish.

    We are having dinner. Can I call you later?
    Estás estudiando español.

    Estamos cenando. ¿Te puedo llamar más tarde?
  103. Por expresses cause, duration of time, exchange, and movement.

    I did it for my family.
    • I did it for my family.
    • Lo hice por mi familia.
  104. Para designates purpose or goal, recipient, deadline, destination, and employment.

    I studied in order to find a good job.
    Estudié para conseguir un buen trabajo.
  105. The preterit and imperfect both refer to the past but in different ways. Whereas the preterit talks about a concrete action that has been completed, the imperfect shows a habitual or continuous action in the past without well-defined time limits.

    I used to run every day, but then I broke my leg. Now I swim.
    Corría todos los días, pero me rompí la pierna. Ahora nado.
  106. To talk about things that happened in the past, we use the preterit to talk about past actions that are complete and have ended.

    I walked home.

    Eduardo finished his homework before going out.
    • Caminé a casa.
    • Eduardo terminó la tarea antes de salir.
  107. To talk about things that happened in the past, we use the preterit to talk about past actions that are complete and have ended.

    We were surprised when we read the news.

    My parents lived in Spain for three years before moving to California.
    Nos sorprendimos cuando leímos las noticias.

    Mis padres vivieron en España tres años antes de mudarse a California.
  108. In Spanish, the reflexive pronouns are
    me, te, se, nos, os, and se.
  109. In English, reflexive pronouns, such as myself, yourself, ourselves, and themselves, indicate when one is performing an action on oneself.

    Susie dresses herself.
    Susie se viste.
  110. to know: deals with facts, knowledge, and information.
    Saber
  111. to know: deals with people, places, and things
    Conocer
  112. I know how to swim
    Sé nadar.
  113. Liliana knows Miguel.
    Liliana conoce a Miguel.
  114. Daily routine
    La rutina diaria
  115. bed
    la cama
  116. (tooth) brush
    el cepillo (de dientes)
  117. shampoo
    el champú
  118. shaving cream
    la crema de afeitar
  119. deodorant
    el desodorante
  120. (shower) gel
    el gel (de ducha)
  121. soap
    el jabón (líquido)
  122. makeup
    el maquillaje
  123. electric shaver
    la máquina de afeitar
  124. toilet paper
    el papel higiénico
  125. toothpaste
    la pasta de dientes
  126. comb
    el peine
  127. razor
    la rasuradora
  128. alarm clock
    el (reloj) despertador
  129. hair dryer
    el secador de pelo
  130. scissors
    las tijeras
  131. towel
    la toalla
  132. company
    la compañía
  133. store, shop / clothing store
    la tienda de ropa
  134. full-time/part-time
    a tiempo completo/parcial
  135. lawyer
    el/la abogado/a
  136. homemaker
    el amo/a de casa
  137. cashier
    el/la cajero/
  138. accountant
    el/la contador/a
  139. salesclert
    el/la dependiente/a
  140. nurse
    el/la enfermero/a
  141. businessperson
    el hombre/la mujer de negocios
  142. teacher
    el/la maestro/a
  143. doctor
    el/la médico/a
  144. waiter/waitress
    el/la mesero/a
  145. journalist
    el/la periodista
  146. computer programmer
    el/la programador/a de computadoras
  147. receptionist
    el/la recepcionista
  148. secretary
    el/la secretario/a
  149. to go to bed
    acostarse (ue)
  150. to shave
    to shave
  151. to wake up
    despertarse (ie)
  152. to have fun
    divertirse (ie, I)
  153. to sleep
    dormirse (ue, u)
  154. to meet
    encontrarse
  155. to get up
    levantarse
  156. to have a good/bad time
    pasarlo bien/mal
  157. to comb one's hair
    peinarse
  158. to put on one's shoes/clothes, etc.
    ponerse los zapatos/la ropa, etc. (irreg.)
  159. to lend (to lend each other)
    prestar (prestarse
  160. to take off (one's clothes)
    quitarse (la ropa)
  161. to be sleepy, tired
    tener (irreg.) sueño
  162. to work for
    trabajar para
  163. to ring, sound
    sonar (ue)
  164. to get dressed
    vestirse (i, I)
  165. Direct object nouns receive the action of a verb.

    Michael visited Sarah.
    • Michael visitó a Sarah.
    • Sarah is the direct object noun.)
  166. Direct object pronouns replace aforementioned nouns acting as direct objects.

    Michael visited her.
    Michael la visitó.
  167. Direct object pronouns
    me, te, lo, la, nos, os, los, and las.
  168. the verb estar can describe a feeling, condition, or state of mind.

    John is sick.

    My uncle will be busy tomorrow.
    Juan está enfermo. 

    Mi tío estará ocupado mañana.
  169. verb estar has many uses. One of these uses is specifying location.

    I am at the mall.

    Laura is in Philadephia
  170. talk about things that are going to happen, use ir + a + infinitive.

    Laura is going to do her homework.
    Laura va a hacer la tarea.
  171. verb haber is used to describe what there is or was.

    There is little to say.

    There was an accident and there were several injured.
    Hay poco que decir.

    Hubo un accidente y hubo varios heridos.
  172. the imperfect tense to talk about things that used to or would happen, or to describe people, animals, or things.

    I would walk on the beach every morning.

    The cat had green eyes.
    Caminaba por la playa cada mañana.

    El gato tenía los ojos verdes.
  173. the personal a precedes a person who is the recipient of an action. In English there is no equivalent. Therefore, the personal a can be translated in several ways.

    Does Lisa visit her grandmother?

    I am looking for my friend.
    ¿Visita Lisa a su abuela?

    Busco a mi amigo.
  174. Possessive adjectives show property or ownership. In Spanish and in English, they are placed before the corresponding noun.

    Your brother is very funny!
    ¡Tu hermano es muy chistoso!
  175. The preposition por can mean through, across, along, or around.

    The policeman walks through the neighborhood.
    El policía anda por el barrio.
  176. Prepositions are words and expressions that indicate the relationship between two items, often explaining the position of one item with respect to the other.

    Alfredo is at the office. 

    The park is behind the school.
    Alfredo está en la oficina.

    El parque está detrás de la escuela.
  177. the present indicative describes events that happen or are happening now.

    I work until six in the evening.

    I am working until six in the evening.
    Trabajo hasta las seis de la tarde.
  178. the present indicative describes events that happen or are happening now.

    David reads the newspaper.
    David is reading the newspaper. 

    Paloma lives very far from her grandmother. Paloma is living very far from her grandmother.
    • David lee el periódico.
    • Paloma vive muy lejos de la abuela.
  179. We don't know the answer.
    No sabemos la respuesta.
  180. To talk about preferences, the structure feel like + -ing verb is used. In Spanish, we can use tener ganas de + infinitive.

    I feel like having a hamburger.
    Tengo ganas de comer una hamburguesa.
  181. To talk about obligations, English employs the structures have to + infinitive, must (or should) + infinitive. The Spanish equivalent is tener que + infinitive.

    I have to study for tomorrow's exam.
    Tengo que estudiar para el examen de mañana.
  182. To express intentions, English uses the structure plan to + infinitive. In Spanish, the structure pensar + infinitive is used.

    I'm planning to clean my room this afternoon.
    Pienso limpiar el cuarto esta tarde.
Author:
lacythecoolest
ID:
315128
Card Set:
Spanish II chapter 6
Updated:
2016-03-13 07:30:05
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chapter 6
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