Card Set Information
anp fall 09
Exapanded end of bone
Shaft of bone, between the 2 epiphyses
hyaline cartilage that covers the end of bones where joins other bones
tough membrane that covers bone
mature bone cells
a cell from which bone develops; a bone forming cell
process of cartilage slowly changing to bone
made of tightly packed tissue that is strong, solid, and resistant to bending
made of many branching bony plates that fit together like honeycomb; reduce the weight of bone
produces red blood cells; as child, it is found in nearly all bones, as an adult is turns into yellow marrow
found in the center of long bones
bones of the head, neck, and trunk
bones of shoulders, arms, wrist, ands, hips, legs, ankles, and feet
fibrocartilage disks inbetween each vertebrae
upper part of the sternum
tip of the sternum
the cavity in the shaft of a long bone; it contains yellow marrow
individual bones of the spinal column which are stacked on top of each other
cartilage band found within knee that cushions knee joint and reduces friction
sac of fluid in large joints to help cushion
kind of cancer in which abnormal white blood cells multiply in an uncontrolled manner
disorder that causes pain in the body's joints; caused by an inflammation of the bursa
disease resulting in loss of bone tissue; the cancellous bone loses calcium, becomes thinner, and may disappear altogether
an injury to a ligament or to tissue that covers a join
a broken bone
a spinal defect present at birth; the spinal cord does not form properly and the vertebrae & skin cannot form around it
a disease caused by lack of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in diet
disease of joint; suffer pain, stiffness, and swelling in joints
a side-to-side curve of the spine
hunchback, a forward bending of the spine
How many bones are in the cranium all together?
How many bones are in the facial skeleton?
How many bones are in each section of the vertebral column?
14-cervical (7pairs);24-thoracic (12 pairs);10-lumbar (5 pairs)
How many true ribs are in the rib cage?
14 (7 pairs)
How many false ribs are in the rib cage?
10 (5 pairs)
Of the false ribs, how many are floating?
4 (2 pairs)
Name the parts of the thoracic cage. ________, ________, ________, ________.
ribs, thoracic vertebrae, sternum, costal cartilages
Name the parts of the pectoral girdle. ________ & ________.
2 scapulae; 2 clavicles
Name the parts of the pelvic girdle.___________.
2 coxal bones
Which bones make up the upper limbs?
humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges
Which bones make up the lower limbs?
femur, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges, and patella
Name the bones of the wrist and hand.
phalanges, metacarpals, scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate
Name the bones of the ankle and foot.
phalanges, metatarsals, 3 cuneiforms, navicular, cuboid, talus, calcaneus