Skeletal System-Rushing

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Anonymous
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3156
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Skeletal System-Rushing
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2009-12-15 11:54:19
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anp fall 09
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  1. Exapanded end of bone
    epiphysis
  2. Shaft of bone, between the 2 epiphyses
    diaphysis
  3. hyaline cartilage that covers the end of bones where joins other bones
    articular cartilage
  4. tough membrane that covers bone
    periosteum
  5. mature bone cells
    osteocytes
  6. a cell from which bone develops; a bone forming cell
    osteoblast
  7. process of cartilage slowly changing to bone
    ossification
  8. made of tightly packed tissue that is strong, solid, and resistant to bending
    compact bone
  9. made of many branching bony plates that fit together like honeycomb; reduce the weight of bone
    spongy bone
  10. produces red blood cells; as child, it is found in nearly all bones, as an adult is turns into yellow marrow
    red marrow
  11. found in the center of long bones
    yellow marrow
  12. bones of the head, neck, and trunk
    axial skeleton
  13. bones of shoulders, arms, wrist, ands, hips, legs, ankles, and feet
    appendicular skeleton
  14. fibrocartilage disks inbetween each vertebrae
    intervertebral disks
  15. upper part of the sternum
    manubrium
  16. tip of the sternum
    xiphoid process
  17. the cavity in the shaft of a long bone; it contains yellow marrow
    medullary cavity
  18. individual bones of the spinal column which are stacked on top of each other
    vertebrae
  19. cartilage band found within knee that cushions knee joint and reduces friction
    meniscus
  20. sac of fluid in large joints to help cushion
    bursa sac
  21. kind of cancer in which abnormal white blood cells multiply in an uncontrolled manner
    leukemia
  22. disorder that causes pain in the body's joints; caused by an inflammation of the bursa
    bursitis
  23. disease resulting in loss of bone tissue; the cancellous bone loses calcium, becomes thinner, and may disappear altogether
    osteoporosis
  24. an injury to a ligament or to tissue that covers a join
    sprain
  25. a broken bone
    fracture
  26. a spinal defect present at birth; the spinal cord does not form properly and the vertebrae & skin cannot form around it
    spina bifida
  27. a disease caused by lack of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in diet
    scurvy
  28. disease of joint; suffer pain, stiffness, and swelling in joints
    arthritis
  29. a side-to-side curve of the spine
    scoliosis
  30. hunchback, a forward bending of the spine
    kyphosis
  31. How many bones are in the cranium all together?
    8
  32. How many bones are in the facial skeleton?
    14
  33. How many bones are in each section of the vertebral column?
    14-cervical (7pairs);24-thoracic (12 pairs);10-lumbar (5 pairs)
  34. How many true ribs are in the rib cage?
    14 (7 pairs)
  35. How many false ribs are in the rib cage?
    10 (5 pairs)
  36. Of the false ribs, how many are floating?
    4 (2 pairs)
  37. Name the parts of the thoracic cage. ________, ________, ________, ________.
    ribs, thoracic vertebrae, sternum, costal cartilages
  38. Name the parts of the pectoral girdle. ________ & ________.
    2 scapulae; 2 clavicles
  39. Name the parts of the pelvic girdle.___________.
    2 coxal bones
  40. Which bones make up the upper limbs?
    humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges
  41. Which bones make up the lower limbs?
    femur, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges, and patella
  42. Name the bones of the wrist and hand.
    phalanges, metacarpals, scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate
  43. Name the bones of the ankle and foot.
    phalanges, metatarsals, 3 cuneiforms, navicular, cuboid, talus, calcaneus

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