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What is conflict?
Struggle that is of the protracted (extended overtime) that may or may not be resolved to any satisfaction
In conflict there is 2 things
- something at stake
- something to be won or gained, lost or decided
What is rhetoric?
Art of persuasion the specific language (words, phrase, terms) used to encourage, influences, action, beliefs and agendas
What are the three things needed in rhetoric conflict?
- 1. Defined and Described
- 2. Articulate (talked about/argued)
- 3. Resolved/ Unresolved
What are the 6 types of conflict in media?
- 1. man vs self (intrapersonal)
- 2. Man/Women vs. Society
- 3. Man/Women vs. “Nature”
- 4. Man/Women vs. Man/Women (interpersonal)
- 5. Man/Women vs. Supernatural
- 6. Man/Women vs. Technology
what is a Man/Women vs. Self (intrapersonal) conflict based on?
- 1. Decision making and choices
- 2. Feelings/ emotions- things they feel guilty about, mad, sad
- 3. Existential- Why am I here? Your purpose in life, what is the point
what is one of the most difficult conflicts and why?
Man/Women vs. Self (intrapersonal), because you are the only one that can make the decision
what is Man/Women vs. Society conflict?
- People are deviants, non-conformists, radicals, rebels, outsider, the person perceived as dangerous
- Person will be prosecuted, harassed, bullied
- ex. mean girls
Why do most people try to avoid the man/women vs. society conflict?
we as humans need other people, we do not want to become ostracized
What is the Man/Women vs. “Nature” conflict?
- Humans that challenge and conflict natural forces (natural disasters)
- Can be disease as well as illness, the body
- nature= unpredictable and uncontrollable
what is Man/Women vs. Man/Women (interpersonal) conflict?
- conflict with another person about anything and everything- resources, ideas, other people, power/responsibility
- Psychological/verbal meld
What is the Man/Women vs. Supernatural conflict?
Religion- struggling with churches values
what is the Man/Women vs. Technology conflict?
- a. Technology does not bring out the best interest
- b. Encourages bad behavior
all conflicts fall under these 4
What is intragroup?
Conflicts in the group, (family drama)
What is intergroup?
group vs. group (team vs. team)
What is representation?
Types of images that are created to convey certain ideas, attitudes of life
What is hyperaggressive?
- based on competition, winning, that there are winners and losers, winning in the expense of others
- ex. Bullying, ostracizing, rejecting others, alienating
what is polemics?
divide ideas so sharply that it seems impossible to find a middle ground
Conflict is a part of? (2 things)
- social and cultural life
- no such thing as living in a world with no conflict
What is the real enemy in society?
what is complacent?
What is consensus?
When there is a consensus and you don't agree you could be labeled what?
- trouble maker
- ignorant- close minded
What does the opposition do to the person that does not agree with the consensus?
Dismiss the opposition by asserting the opposition is unqualified to oppose
What is derailment?
premise way to have the opposition stop
What are labels?
value/based on judgements
what are organization/ destitution?
institutional and organized practices
Bullying is in? (3 things)
- Interpersonal relationships
- Community/ group relationships
What is hegemony?
the power/powerhouse dominance in a group of individuals held above others with less power
What does hegemony require? (2 things)
- Monitoring and controlling at various levels the non-dominate
- Making sure there is no rebellion
What is in hegemony? (3 things)
- You will follow because they will give you a reward you want in the end (System of Rewards) the idea that control is good
- Don’t require the powerhouse to have full control over you, but you will work for them
- Dominate groups enlist others that are non-dominate to maintain their position
What is a way to enlist (occlusion into power)?
- Hiring/ promotional/ appointed
- Giving a position of power to the powerless
What is style?
What we do when someone opposes are views
What are the 5 different styles in conflict?
- 1. confrontational
- 2. Withdrawal
- 3. Agreement/ compliance
- 4. Agreement on the surface
- 5. Removal
What is the confrontational style?
- - Raised voices, interrupting, arguing, challenging (counter any words), insulting, name calling, discuss the problem calmly, present your position, wait to respond
- physical assault
what is belittling?
What is the withdrawal style?
Silence, refusing to engage and answer
What is the Agreement/ Compliance style?
just saying ok
What is the Agreement on the surface style?
saying you are okay but still continuing to do what you want (court mediation sedmation
What is the removal style?
Remove, banish, ban the person
What is conflict about?
what is competition?
what does dialogic require? (3 things)
- 1. Cooperation
- 2. Negotiation
- 3. Desire for each party in a conflict to give up something important to reach a mutually agreeable solution- Which is control to the conflict
What is argument?
- - reasons/ explanations to support ones position
- tend to be rebuttals
What are rebuttals?
Reasons/ explanations that refine arguments, have counter arguments
Is the way we engage in conflict as important as the conflict?
yes because, people are listening for things we don’t think about like respect, consideration, based on the tone, particular rhetoric
Language is what?
What is text?
something we can read literally and figuratively, read the words, language, author
emotions/feelings can lead to what?
what is jealousy?
the feeling that another’s attention, affection or love is going to another
what is envy?
wanting what another has, feeling entitled to what another has
what is love (unrequited love)?
a type of love all about conflict, born on the sense of entitlement
what is agitation?
- conflict that is made to make some type of change
- gain is required
what are two ways to deal with agitation as the agitator?
- 1. petition- signed document
- stated grievances and complaint solutions
what is promulgation?
- making public the complaint
- contacting other groups
- exploitation of the media
what is discourse?
- What we do that support what is said by: investigations (finding dirt)
- ex. To bump=innocent, to smash= aggression
What is world view?
our interpretations of what happens
what is our world view based on?
- Agendas -What are our vested interests Self interest
- Ideology-Values, attitude, beliefs
what is ideology?
values, attitude, beliefs
what is the problem with promulgation?
needs sympathetic coverage, average attention
what is solidification?
the efforts needed to create and maintain dedication to the effort
what does solidification require?
- Strong leadership
- Clear agenda
- Assign specific roles/ rules
- Reinforcement of movement
What is polarization?
- create a discourse that make it clear there are two sides: good/bad
- forces sides
what is revolution?
war to revolt, armed battles, changing regime
what is control?
contain, to prevent or force “an entity or group to act or not to act
What are the 9 lines of defense?
- 1. avoidance
- 2. evasion
- 3. postponement
- 4. secrecy with rational
- 5. denial of needs
- 6. suppression
- 7. denial of demands
- 8. banishment
- 9. purgation
what is purgation line of defense?
- - assassinations/ killing the leadership
- Killing figures can make them into martyrs
what is the banishment line of defense?
suspended, fired, threatened to arrest, imprisonment
what is the denial of demands line of defense?
just saying no
what is the suppression line of defense?
to hold down, silence- harassment
what is the denial of needs line of defense?
refuse permits for peaceful demonstrations, sidewalks are for pedestrians, people can be removed
what is the secrecy with rational line of defense?
“we cannot talk about it”, because of legal, ethical, contracted
what is the postponement line of defense?
pull off the protestors, talk about “committee” “advisement”, strategy for control
what is the evasion line of defense?
pass the buck and frustration, fill out form, stalling
what is the avoidance line of defense?
ignore us, thinking they will go away will use counter-persuasion
what are the three things in counter persuasion?
- 1. Raise different issues
- 2. Tell why they are wrong
- 3. Provide arguments/ reasons
what is the symbolic means act?
rearrange functions, frighten them to evoke personal change which they hope will lead to social change
what is adjustment?
if they cannot deal, they change their name, changes and add new policies
what is sacrifice personnel?
what is accepting means of agitation?
what is logical fallacies?
a falsehood that is often used to make a point but fails to do so, false presence, faulty argument
what is the sweeping/ hasty generalization fallacy?
- conclusion is revealed by way little evidence
- ex. Commited a crime because he was black
What is the either or fallacy?
you’re with me or against me, trying to lock people in without giving them any other option
what is the non sequitor fallacy?
- “does not follow,”
- ex. Cigatette billboard with running and being active, when it has nothing to do with the product
- ex. John jones killed Tom Smith. Tom Smith was a car thief
what is the Admiscordian/ sympathy seeker fallacy?
- trying to get something out of pity
- ex. I don’t have my homework because my mom was sick
what is the cardstacking fallacy?
- - using facts to support your argument but it only focuses on one point of view
- poisoning the well
what is poisoning the well?
only giving negatives about something, not allowing others to make their own position
what is begging the question fallacy?
- when your premise is the conclusion
- Premise: Brown is 90. He could have a stroke because he is 90
what is ignoring bonds of truth fallacy?
- ignoring facts that is given
- ex. There is no good people in the government
what is dictosplusure fallacy?
- unqualified, unsupported reason and reaching a conclusion
- ex. Milk it does a body good- Not good for people who are lactose intolerant
what is the ad hominine fallacy?
- attacking the person and not the issue and reason why they are wrong
- ex. You only think that because you are stupid
what is the two one two fallacy?
- when you don’t take responsibility and push it off to someone else, deflects response
- ex. Well you don’t like me either
what is the appeal to force fallacy?
- Threatens someone when they won’t listen or follow you
- ex. Threatening a strike
what is the argument to the crowd fallacy?
- - trying to get the crowd on your side, making them believe they are a part of something
- ex. You are the greatest nation on Earth
what is the complex question fallacy?
- cannot answer without incriminating self
- ex. Are you done beating your wife?
what is the......fallacy?
- 2 events occurred at same time, one caused another, coincidence assumed to have a cause and affect
- Ex. Jane lose 30lbs. Bob asked Jane on a date because she lost 30 lbs
what is the oversimplified case fallacy?
- recognizes only one cause of the complex event
- ex. Poverty was caused by the capitalists leeches and their useless projects
what is the red harring fallacy?
- when it has nothing to do with the argument OJ was a spectacular runningback/football player, spokesperson for herts.
- ex. He couldn’t possibly murdered his wife
what is the false analogy fallacy?
- comparison that is incorrect , when differences are far greater than similarities
- ex. He is a good dancer, he must be a good lover