biology

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  1. what does MRGREN stand for?
    • Movement
    • Respiration
    • Sensitivity
    • Growth
    • Reproduction
    • Excretion
    • Nutrition
  2. what is the Nucleus' FUNCTION and where is it FOUND?
    FUNCTION - The nucleus stores the cell's genetic information in the form of DNA. It also acts like the brain of the cell.It helps control movement, eating, and reproduction.DNA tells the cell what protines need to be produced. The nucleus is control center of the cell.

    FOUND IN PLANT/ANIMAL CELL - The nucleus is found in both plant and animal cells

    VIEWED USING WHICH TYPE OF MICROSCOPE - Viewed undera light microscope
  3. what is the Cell Walls FUNCTION and where is it FOUND?
    Function – A Cell Wall is a structural layer that surrounds some types of cells, situated outside the cell membrane.

    This Organelle cannot be found in an animal cell only a plant cell.

    You use a light microscope to view a cell wall.
  4. what is the mitochondria's FUNCTION and where is it FOUND?
    The mitochondria is known as the powerhouse of the cell.They break down nutrients and turn them into energy rich molecules.

    They are mostly found in Eukaryotic cells. The process that produces energy is cellular respiration.The type of energy mitochondria processed is called ATP

    These are found in cells with high energy needs for example your muscles. Not found in prokaryotic cells as they need membranes around them
  5. what is the ribosome's FUNCTION and where is it FOUND?
    Ribosomes assemble amino acids to create specific proteins. These proteins are essential to carry out cellular activities.

    The process of production of proteins, the deoxyribonucleic acid produces RNA by the process of DNA transcription. Protein synthesis osmoses are found in both plant and animal cells.


    Needs to be seen with an electron microscope.

    found in cytosol
  6. what is the Endoplasmic Reticulum's (smooth/rough) FUNCTION and where is it FOUND?
    Function – The endoplasmic reticulum is a membrane system of folded sacs and interconnected channels that serve as a site for protein and lipid synthesis.


    If Ribosomes are attached to the endoplasmic reticulum is rough, if there’s none it’s therefore smooth

    This organelle is found in both cells animal and plant cells. The Endoplasmic reticulum is viewed through an electron microscope.

    Always found near the nucleus
  7. what is the Golgi Apparatus' FUNCTION and where is it FOUND
    FUNCTION - Sorts and processes proteins. After the proteins travel through the rough endoplasmic reticulum to be synthesized is goes to the Golgi Complex.

    FOUND IN PLANT/ANIMAL CELL - Found in both plant and animal cells


    VIEWED USING WHICH TYPE OF MICROSCOPE - Viewed using (TEM) and an electron microscope.


    found near endoplasmic reticulum
  8. what is the Lysosomes FUNCTION and where are they FOUND?
    The function of the Lysosome function is to break down cellular waste and get rid of it.


    Lysosomes can be found in eukaryotic cells especially animal cells. They contain powerful enzymes that breakdown debris.
  9. what is the Peroxisomes' FUNCTION and where is FOUND?
    Peroxisomes neutralize harmful toxins and carry out lipid metabolism


    (energy needs and oxidation reactions that break down fatty acids and amino acids.)


    Peroxisomes are found in both plant and animal cells.
  10. what is the Chloroplasts' FUNCTION and where is FOUND?
    Function - Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of sun into sugars that can be used by cells. The entire process is called photosynthesis.


    Found in plant cells and some protists.


    They are seen under an electron microsope


    They are green in colour because of chlorophyll. Green is is most absorbent colour for sunlight to create photosynthesis.
  11. what is the Flagella and Cilia's FUNCTION and where is it FOUND?
    FUNCTION - moves liquid past the surface of the cell. They are capable of specific types of movements. assist in movements of the cell


    Example of this is the small intestine, trachea and sperm


    IN PLANT/ANIMAL CELL  - Found in all animal cells and sometimes in plant cells. (very rare)

    VIEWED USING WHICH TYPE OF MICROSCOPE - Electron microscope

    Cilia helps by trapping dust you may breath in.
  12. what is the Cytoskeleton'S FUNCTION and where is it FOUND?
    FUNCTION - Helps the cell maintain shape and in cellular movement. Anchors the cell to its neighbours.


    FOUND IN PLANT/ANIMAL CELL - Found in both plant and animal cells


    VIEWED USING WHICH TYPE OF MICROSCOPE - light and electron
  13. what is the Vacuole's FUNCTION and where is it FOUND?
    Function-stores water and is particularly big in plant cells The vacuole is often the largest organelle in the cell, and is designed like a water tank. This is so it can hold materials and wastes.


    The vacuole is helpful for structure and support for the plant
Author:
jmolinaaaa
ID:
315736
Card Set:
biology
Updated:
2016-02-11 06:41:00
Tags:
biology
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Description:
all about cell organelles and MRSGREN
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