organelles

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  1. MITOCHONDRIA
    • function: to break down nutrients and turn it into energy. 
    • (found in animal cells)
  2. RIBOSOMES
    • function: a cell structure that makes proteins.
    • (found in animal cells)
  3. CELL WALL
    • function: provides a structural barrier for the cell to hold its shape and to prevent the cell from bursting from the water stored inside.
    • (found only in plant cells)
  4. NUCLEUS
    function: holds all of the genetic material within it (DNA,RNA)
  5. ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (smooth, rough)
    • function: 
    • smooth: It synthesizes lipids, phospholipids, and steroids.
    • rough: these are responsible for the gathering of many proteins.
  6. GOLGI COMPLEX/APPARATUS
    function: A major function is the modifying, sorting and packaging of proteins for secretion.
  7. LYSOSOMES
    function:  Lysosomes are organelles that contain digestive enzymes. They digest excess or worn out organelles, food particles, and engulfed viruses or bacteria.
  8. PEROXISOMES
    function: the function of the peroxisome is the breakdown of very long chain fatty acids through beta-oxidation.
  9. CHLOROPLASTS
    function: to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells. (photosynthesis)
  10. FLAGELLA AND CILIA
    function: to move liquid past the surface of the cell. For single cells, such as sperm, this enables them to swim.
  11. CYTOSKELETON
    function: The cytoskeleton provides an important structural framework for the cells shape different types of cytoskeleton.
  12. VACUOLE
    function: Very large in plant cells filled with fluid, like a water tank and can be larger in plants and take up most of the cell.
Author:
Anonymous
ID:
315740
Card Set:
organelles
Updated:
2016-02-11 23:17:07
Tags:
organelles
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organelle flash cards
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