Muscular System-Rushing

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Anonymous
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3158
Filename:
Muscular System-Rushing
Updated:
2009-12-15 12:18:36
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mmoore
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anp fall 09
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  1. voluntary, skeletal muscle tissue
    striated muscle
  2. found in digestive tract and blood vessels
    smooth muscle
  3. found only in the heart
    cardiac muscle
  4. layers of fibrous connective tussue that separate adjacent skeletal muscles from each other
    fascia
  5. connective tissue that holds a muscle to a bone
    tendon
  6. a broad, flat tendon
    aponeurosis
  7. layer of dense irregular fibrous tissue that surround the whole muscle
    epimysium
  8. layer of fibrous connective tissue that surrounds each fascicle
    perimysium
  9. a fine sheath of connective tissue that surrounds each muscle fiber in each fascicle
    endomysium
  10. threadlike filaments of proteins actin and myosin; the contractile elements of skeletal muscle cells
    myofibrils
  11. the membrane of a muscle cell
    sarcolemma
  12. similar to cytoplasm of other cells but with more amounts of glycosomes
    sarcoplasm
  13. thin protein filaments that help compose myofibril
    actin
  14. thick protein filament that help compose myofibril
    myosin
  15. nerve fiber that connects to a group of muscle cells
    motor neuron
  16. connection between the nerve fiber (motor neuron) and the muscle fiber
    neuromuscular junction
  17. neurotransmitter
    acetylcholine
  18. specialized portion of the muscle fiber membrane of the neuromuscular junction
    motor end plate
  19. the motor neuron and the muscle fibers that it contains
    motor unit
  20. the gap between the neuron and the motor end plate of the muscle fiber
    synaptic cleft
  21. store neurotransmitters
    synaptic vesicles
  22. segment of the myofibril between 2 successive "Z" lines
    sarcomere
  23. area where the actin filaments of 2 successive sarcomeres attach to each other
    Z line
  24. composed of thick myosin filaments; appear as wide, dark stripes when under a microscope
    A band
  25. contain thinner actin filaments where they dont overlap the myosin filaments
    I band
  26. part of the myosin filaments; they generate tension between the actin and myosin filaments
    cross bridges
  27. muscles that move with conscious thought
    voluntary muscles
  28. muscles that move without conscious thought
    involuntary muscles
  29. drawing away from the median axis
    abduction
  30. drawing toward the median axis
    adduction
  31. stretching outward
    extension
  32. bending
    flexion
  33. a rotation of the hand and radius around the ulna so that the palm is turned upward
    supination
  34. a rotation of the hand and radius around the ulna so that the palm is turned downward
    pronation
  35. a turning outward
    eversion
  36. a turning inward
    inversion
  37. a muscles place of attachment on a fixed, or immovable bone
    origin
  38. a muscles place of attachment on a movable bone
    insertion
  39. a muscle that provides the major force producing a specific movement
    prime mover
  40. muscles that oppose or reverse a particular movement
    antagonists
  41. muscles that help prime movers by adding a little extra force to the same movement
    synergists
  42. the result of the muscle contraction
    action

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