Analgesics

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  1. acetaminophen
    Common Uses
    • Antifever DOC for children and adolescents due to the risk for Reyes Syndrome with Aspirin products.
    • Indicated for treatment of mild to moderate pain, or fever. Minimal to no anti-inflammatory effects
    • *Primary alternative to NSAIDS.
  2. acetaminophen
    What I Need to Know!!
    • Hepatotoxic in large doses, contraindicated with known liver or in clients who consume alcohol on reg basis.
    • acetaminophen inhibits warfarin metabolism, which can cause warfarin to accumulate to toxic levels
    • With long-term use monitor hepatic function, ALT, AST, and bilirubin.
    • Treat OD with IV or oral N-acetylcysteine (Acetadote) or inhaled or oral acetylcysteine (Mucomyst)
  3. ASA, Acetylsalicylic Acid
    Common Uses
    • Indicated for treatment of mild to moderate pain, especially associated with inflammation.
    • Antipyretic
    • Anticoagulant, indicated to reduce risk of MI, strokes, and colorectal cancer
  4. ASA, acetylsalicylic Acid
    What I  Need To Know for NCLEX
    • Most serious adverse effect is GI complaints including GI bleeding.
    • Available in enteric-coated and buffered preparations for clients who experience GI effects.
    • D/C 1 week prior to surgery
    • Excreted in urine, may effect urine testing for glucose vanillymandelic acid
    • ASA contraindicated in children in adolescents due to the risk of Ryes Syndrome
    • Contraindicated with Vitamin K deficiency and peptic ulcer disease
  5. Common NSAIDS
    • Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
    • Naproxen Sodium (Anaprox, Aleve)
    • meloxicam (Mobic)
    • ketorolac tromethamine (Toradol)
  6. NSAIDS
    Common Uses
    • DOC for the treatment of mild to moderate pain, especially pain associated with inflammation
    • Antipyretic
    • Certain types of arthritis
  7. NSAIDS: COX 2-Inhibitors
    celecoxib (Celebrex)
    What I need to know for NCLEX
    • Most serious adverse effect is GI complaints and headache
    • May increase the risk of serious thrombotic events, MI or Stroke
    • May cause fluid retention
    • Associated with hepatotoxicity with long term use
  8. NSAIDS: COX 2-Inhibitors
    name some
    celecoxib (Celebrex)
  9. NSAIDS: COX 2-Inhibitors
    celecoxib
    Common Uses
    • (Celebrex)
    • Acute Pain, especially associated with multiple types of arthritis
  10. NSAIDS
    What I need to know for NCLEX

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
315811
Filename:
Analgesics
Updated:
2016-02-13 04:58:50
Tags:
NCLEX
Folders:
NCLEX
Description:
NCLEX Analgesics
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