World History Chapter 1

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World History Chapter 1
2010-08-28 16:02:32
world history mater dei mackenzie

My study cards for Mr. Pollman's World History Chapter 1 test. They may work for Mr. Trame too, but I'm not sure...anyway. Best of luck this year!
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  1. The distance north or south of the Equator (AKA parallels)
  2. the study of the ways of life of early peoples by examining their physical remains
  3. the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian (AKA meridians)
    • longitude
    • **HINT: Remember that longitude is long.
  4. tools and skills people use to meet their basic needs
    • technology
    • **HINT: you need your cell phone, you need your iPod...examples of technology!
  5. objects made by people
  6. Relative location is a term used to indicate...
    • where one place is located in relation to another
    • **HINT: if you're in a mall and you ask where Victoria's Secret is, the cashier is not going to tell you a latitude and longitude or a store number. She's going to tell you it's downstairs between Aldo and Express. See? Relative location.
  7. Archaeologists refer to the period of time before people invented a writing system as...
    • prehistory
    • **HINT: Remember, since they didn't have writing systems, they couldn't write their history down. It was literally before history.
  8. List the five themes of geography.
    • 1) Place
    • 2) Region
    • 3) Interaction
    • 4) Location
    • 5) Movement
    • **HINT: Remember PRILM.
  9. study of the origins and development of people and their societies
    • anthropology
    • **HINT: Remember anthro= Greek for "man"
  10. way of life of a society that is handed down from one generation to the next by learning and experience
  11. study of people, their environments, and their resources
    • geography
    • **HINT: geo=earth
  12. a person who studies how people lived in the past
    • historian
    • **HINT: Remember history=past, historian=person who studies history
  13. AD
    • On the Christian calendar, Anno Domini (literally "year of the Lord")
    • **HINT: this is used for years after the year that we believe Christ died, so remember AD=After Death
  14. shown by an address or a latitude/longitude coordinate
    Absolute or Specific location
  15. how people have been changed by their environment
  16. BC
    Before Christ
  17. BCE
    • Before the Common Era (an atheist way of saying BC)
    • **HINT: BC and BCE both mean basically the same thing, they both refer to the same time period
  18. CE
    • Common Era (atheist way to say AD)
    • **HINT: BCE is longer than CE, therefore it was a longer time before now. Plus CE is now.
  19. Circa
    • About
    • **for anyone in Mrs. Zurliene's period 6 English class, you better know this...
  20. hardened remains of life forms
  21. served by a particular service,
    ex St. Rose is served by St. Rose Fire Department
    functional region
  22. geology
    • study of earth science and crust
    • **HINT: again, remember geo=earth
  23. grouped together in general terms
    loosely defined region
  24. defined by government or physical characteristics
    ex the US has certain lines as defined by the Canadian, Mexican, and US governments, but it is also confined by the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (physical characteristics)
    • uniform region
    • **HINT: government people wear uniforms
  25. tame animals and adapt crops for the purpose of cultivation
  26. belief that spirits or forces may live in animals, objects, or dreams
    • animism
    • **HINT: animism, spirits live in animals...
  27. thick sheet of ice that covered parts of the earth during the Ice Age
  28. person who moves from place to place in search of food, often viewed as "uncivilized"
  29. a human-like primate
    • hominids
    • **HINT: homo-Latin for "human"
  30. a young female skeleton, estimated at about 3.2 million years old and about 3 ft 6 in (making her just slightly shorter than me) found by Donald Johanson in Ethiopia (Africa)
  31. English paleontoligist couple whose account of fossil discoveries in Tanzania changed theories of human evolution
    Louis and Mary Leakey
  32. the time period from about 10,000 to about 3,000 BC, AKA the New Stone Age
    • Neolithic Age
    • **HINT: neo= from Greek neos, meaning new or fresh
  33. 2 million to 10,000 BC, AKA the Old Stone Age
    • Paleolithic Age
    • **HINT: paleo=Greek for old or ancient
  34. skilled craftworker
    • artisan
    • **HINT: if you're skilled at your art, you're an artisan
  35. political unit made up of a city and surrounding lands
  36. complex, highly organized social order
  37. spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
    • cultural diffusion
    • **HINT: diffuse=to spread
  38. group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
  39. drawing used to represent words
  40. believing in many gods
    • polytheistic
    • **HINT: poly=Greek for many; theo=Greek for god
  41. in ancient civilizations, specially trained person who knew how to read, write, and keep records
  42. sparse, dry grassland
  43. extra or excess
  44. management of a government by departments run by elected officials
  45. a worker with knowledge/skills in numerous crafts/jobs
  46. characteristics of a civilization
    • 1) arts and architecture
    • 2) central government
    • 3) cities
    • 4) complex religions
    • 5) job specialization
    • 6) public works
    • 7) social classes
    • 8) writing
    • **HINT: remember ACCCJPSW