PC30 Ch21 Printers Glossary

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  1. bitmap
    A bunch of bits in rows and columns.
  2. calibration
    The process of checking and correcting the graduations of an instrument or device such as an inkjet printer.
  3. default printer
    The designated printer to which Windows prints unless another printer is selected.
  4. Devices and Printers window
    A window used in Windows 7 to manage and uninstall printers.
  5. direct thermal printer
    A type of thermal printer that burns dots onto special coated paper as was done by older fax machines.
  6. duplex printer
    A printer that is able to print on both sides of the paper.
  7. duplexing assembly
    Used in a duplex printer, a duplexing assembly contains several rollers, turns the paper around and draws it back through the print process to print on the back of the paper.
  8. elevated command prompt window
    A Windows command prompt window that allows commands that require administrative privileges.
  9. Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP)
    A type of parallel port that transmits data in both directions.
  10. Extended Capabilities Port (ECP)
    A type of parallel port that is faster than an EPP port.
  11. extension magnet brush
    A long-handled brush made of nylon fibers that are charged with static electricity to pick up stray toner inside a printer.
  12. fuser assembly
    A component in laser printing that uses heat and pressure to fuse the toner to paper.
  13. GDI
    (Graphics Device Interface) A component of Windows that uses a less-sophisticated method of communicating with a printer than other methods. GDI draws and formats the page, converting it to bitmap form, and then sends the almost-ready-to-print bitmap to the printer.
  14. IEEE 1284
    A standard for parallel ports and cables developed by the Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers and supported by hardware manufacturers.
  15. imaging drum
    An electrically charged rotating drum found in laser printers.
  16. impact paper
    Paper used by impact printers and comes as a box of fanfold paper or in rolls (used with receipt printers).
  17. impact printer
    A type of printer that creates a printed page by using a mechanism that touches or hits the paper.
  18. ink cartridge
    Cartridge in inkjet printers that holds the different colors of ink for the printer.
  19. inkjet printer
    A type of ink dispersion printer that uses cartridges of ink. The ink is heated to a boiling point and then ejected onto the paper through tiny nozzles.
  20. laser printer
    A type of printer that uses a laser beam to control how toner is placed on the page and then uses heat to fuse the toner to the page.
  21. local printer A printer connected to a computer by way of a port on the computer. Compare to network printer.
  22. LPT
    (Line Printer Terminal) Assignments of system resources that are made to a parallel port and that are used to manage a print job. Two possible LPT configurations are referred to as LPT1: and LPT2:.
  23. network printer
    A printer that any user on the network can access, through its own network card and connection to the network, through a connection to a stand-alone print server, or through a connection to a computer as a local printer, which is shared on the network.
  24. PCL
    (Printer Control Language) A printer language developed by Hewlett-Packard that communicates to a printer how to print a page.
  25. pickup roller
    A part in a printer that pushes forward a sheet of paper from the paper tray.
  26. PostScript
    A printer language developed by Adobe Systems that tells a printer how to print a page.
  27. Print Management
    A utility located in the Administrative Tool group in Windows 7/ Vista professional and business editions that allow you to monitor and manage printer queues for all printers on the network.
  28. Printers window
    A window used in Windows Vista to manage and uninstall printers.
  29. Printers and Faxes window
    A window used in XP to manage and uninstall printers.
  30. print head
    The part in an inkjet or impact printer that moves across the paper, creating one line of the image with each pass.
  31. print server
    Hardware or software that manages the print jobs sent to one or more printers on a network.
  32. print spooler
    A queue for print jobs.
  33. printer maintenance kit
    A kit purchased from a printer manufacturer that contains the parts, tools, and instructions needed to perform routine printer maintenance.
  34. printer self-test page
    A test page that prints by using controls at the printer. The page allows you to eliminate a printer as a problem and usually prints test, graphics, and information about the printer such as the printer resolution and how much memory is installed.
  35. printui
    The Printer User Interface command used by administrators to manage printers on the local and remote computers.
  36. raster line
    A row in the bitmap that represents a page that has been rendered and is ready for printing.
  37. raw data
    Data sent to a printer without any formatting or processing.
  38. REt
    (Resolution Enhancement technology) The term used by Hewlett-Packard to describe the way a laser printer varies the size of the dots used to create an image. This technology partly accounts for the sharp, clear image created by a laser printer.
  39. separation pad
    A printer part that keeps more than one sheet of paper from moving forward.
  40. Services console
    A console used by Windows to stop, start, and manage background services used by Windows and applications.
  41. spooling
    Placing print jobs in a print queue so that an application can be released from the printing process before printing is completed. Spooling is an acronym for simultaneous peripheral operations online.
  42. (SPP)
    Standard Parallel Port. An outdated parallel port that allows data to flow in only one direction and is the slowest of the three types of parallel ports. Also called a Centronics port. Compare to EPP (Enhanced Parallel Port) and ECP (Extended Capabilities Port).
  43. thermal paper
    Special coated paper used by thermal printers.
  44. thermal printer
    A type of line printer that uses wax based ink, which is heated by heat pins that melt the ink onto paper.
  45. thermal transfer printer
    A type of thermal printer that uses a ribbon that contains wax-based ink. The heating element melts the ribbon onto special thermal paper so that it stays glued to the paper as the feeder assembly moves the paper through the printer.
  46. toner vacuum
    A vacuum cleaner designed to pick up toner used in laser printers and does not allow it to touch any conductive surface.
  47. tractor feed
    A continuous feed within an impact printer that feeds fanfold paper through the printer rather than individual sheets, making them useful for logging ongoing events or data.
  48. transfer belt
    A laser printer component that completes the transferring step in the printer.
  49. transfer roller
    A soft, black roller in a laser printer that puts a positive charge on the paper. The charge pulls the toner from the drum onto the paper.
  50. XPS Document Writer
    A Windows 7/Vista feature that creates a file with an .xps file extension. The file is similar to a .pdf file and can be viewed, edited, printed, faxed, emailed, or posted on Web sites.
  51. XPS (XML Paper Specification)
    A standard introduced with Windows Vista and designed to ultimately replace GDI as the method Windows uses to render a printed page before sending it to the printer.

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slc53
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316275
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PC30 Ch21 Printers Glossary
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2016-02-23 01:04:48
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PC30 Ch21 Printers Glossary
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