The flashcards below were created by user
Failure in secondary school, went to Vienna to become an artist and was rejected by the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, lived in Vienna for a few years, which is where he got his ideas from Racism and antisemitism were some of his ideas Had a talent for knowing how to use propaganda, political parties, and terror This allowed him to spread his movement effectively Joined the German Workers' Party, a right-wing extremist party in Munich
Hitler created the Nationalist Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), the Nazis Known as the SA, Storm Troops, or Brownshirts Hitler was sent to prison after staging an uprising against the govn in Munich (the Beer Hall Puntch) While in prison, he wrote Mein Kampf ( My Struggle) that was an account of his ideas of movements It emphasized the right of superior nations to lebensraum (living spaces) through expansion
The German parliament Hitler realized the Nazis would have to gain power by legal means, not overthrow of the govn After he was released from prison, Hitler expanded the Nazi Party to all parts of Germany and had become bigger than Reichstag Unemployment had risen in Germany (4.35 million to 6 million in a year) Great Depression had made extremist parties more attractive Many right-wing elites started looking to Hitler as a leader
A law that gave the govn the power to ignore the constitution for four years to deal w/ the country's problems This made Hitler's actions legal He became dictator appointed by the parliamentary body itself
Civil service was purged of Jews and democratic elements Camps were sent up for the people who opposed the new regime Trade unions dissolved All parties except Nazis were abolished Hitler took complete control
The SS (: Guard Squadrons) was important to maintaining order Schitzstaffeln Was originally created as Hitler's bodyguard Under Himmler's direction, the SS came to control the secret and regular police forces
Mass demonstrations and spectacles made the Germans an instrument of Hitler's policies Held every September and usually caused mass excitement and enthusiasm Institutions were brought under Nazi control Professional Nazi organizations were formed for civil servants, teachers, women, farmers, doctors, lawyers, and the youth
New racial laws that excluded Jews form German citizenship A Jew was not defined by religion, but if their grandparents were Jewish Marriage between Germans and Jews were forbidden Jews had to wear starts of David and to carry around IDs to say that they were Jewish
"The night of shattered glass" Nazis burned synagogues and destroyed some 7 thousand Jewish businesses At least 100 Jews were killed 30 thousand Jewish males were sent to concentration camps They were barred from public transport and buildings, including schools and hospitals Prohibited from owning, working, or managing retail stores Jews were forced to clean up all the damage from KristallnachtWere encouraged to "emigrate from Germany"
The Triumph of the Will
A propaganda documentary of the 1934 Nuremberg party rally Filmed by actress-turned-director Leni Riefenstahl Vividly conveyed the ideas of National Socialism
Surrealism movement brought reality beyond the material world and found it in the world of the unconscious Portrayed fantasies, dreams, and nightmares Spaniard Salvador Dali was the high priest of surrealism Place recognizable objects in unrecognizable relationships Created a strange world in which the irrational became visible This type of art was not accepted in Germany and was seen as "the outcome of an impudent and shameless arrogance of a simply shocking lack of skill"
Became active in the movement for Indian self-rule before WWI Before the war, Indians referred him as the "Great Soul" or Mahatma After the war, Gandhi remained an important figure
The refusal to obey laws considered to be unjust Gandhi began to organize mass protests to achieve his aims He believed in nonviolence and had protested British laws by using civil disobedience It turned violent and it had a strong British reaction British troops killed hundreds of unarmed protesters and Gandi retreated from active politics when it became violent and spent several years in prison In 1919, Great Britain passed the Govn of India Act which expanded the role of Indians in the governing process 2/3 of its Indian members of the parliament were to be elected 5 million Indians were given the right to vote
Studied law in Great Britain and was an example of a new kind of an Indian politician The independence split two ways One identified w/ Gandhi--religious, Indian, traditional The other identified with Nehru--secular, Western, modern This created uncertainty about India's future path
1931, a group of middle-level army officers invaded Manchuria w/o govn approval In a short time, it was conquered Japanese govn opposed the conquest, but the Japanese people supported it
He pretended that he supported the Communists, but later he struck against them, killing thousands in the Shanghai Massacre 1928, he found a new Chinese republic at Nanjing and worked to reunify China Believed Japan was less dangerous than Communists-- "the Communists are a disease of heart"
Was convinced the Chinese rev would have to depend on the peasants, not the working class, unlike the rest of the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) Made the peasants the heart and soul of Chinese Communism COMMUNIST KITTY!
Unexpected maneuvers like sabotage and subterfuge Chiang used these tactics "When the enemy advances, we retreat!" "When the enemy halts and camps, we trouble them!" "When the enemy tries to avoid battle, we attack!" "When the enemy retreats, we pursue!"
1934, Chiang's troops surrounded the Communist base in Jiangxi People Liberation Army (PLA) was Mao's army and were able to break through Nationalist lines by moving on foot 6,000 miles to reach the last Communist base Many froze or starved A year later, Mao's troops reached safely to northern China 9,000 out of 90,000 troops survived Mao considered himself as the heroic and unquestioned leaser of the CCP and had not given up their fight
Redistribution of Wealth
Shifting of wealth from a rich minority to a poor majority Chiang's govn oppressed this since it could lead to Communist influence Suppressed all opposition Alienated many intellectuals and political moderates
HMWH Unit 6 Part 2
Unit6Part2 history Hitler Communism CommunistKitty
Adolf Hitler, Nazi Party, Reichstag, Enabling Act, Concentration camps, Heinrich Himmler, Nuremberg (rallies), Nuremberg laws, Kristallnacht, The Triumph of the Will, Surrealism-Dali, Mohandas Gandhi, Civil disobedience, Jawaharial Nehru, Manchuria, Chiang Kai-shek, Mao Zedong, Guerrilla tactics, Long March, Redistribution of Wealth