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  1. Cholinergic / Parasympathomimetics
    Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors                              –pyridostigmine (Mestinon), Neostigmine (Prostigmin), edrophonium (Tensilon) tacrine (Cognex), donepezil (Aricept)Make note: tacrine (Cognex), donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon) used for Alzheimer’s Disease
  2. Anticholinergic / Cholinergic-Blocking drugs
    Atropine (Atro-Pen), benztropine (Cogentin), dicyclomine (Bentyl), glycopyrrolate (Robinul)Botulinum toxin – blocks the release of Ach from cholinergic nerve terminalsMake note: trihexyphenidyl, benztropine, biperiden, diphenhydramine used for Parkinson’s Disease
  3. Neuromuscular blocking drugs / Nicotinic Blocking drugs
    Nondepolarizing: Tubocurarine               Depolarizing:  Succinylcholine (Anectine)
  4. Adrenergic Drugs / Sympathomimetics
    dobutamine (Dobutrex), dopamine (Dopastat), epinephrine (Adrenalin), methyldopa (Aldomet), Norepinephrine (Levophed),  phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine)Tizanidine (Zanaflex) – alpha 2 agonist inhibits motor neurons used in muscle spasms
  5. Adrenergic- Blocking drugs/ Sympatholytics
    atenolol (Tenormin), doxazocin (Cardura), metoprolol (Lopressor), propranolol (Inderal),
  6. SSRI selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors
    Citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram oxalate (Lexapro), fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft)
  7. Atypical Antidepressants
    Trazodone (Desyrel), duloxetine (Cymbalta), venlafaxine (Effexor), bupropion (Wellbutrin/Zyban)
  8. Serotonin – Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors
    Duloxetine (Cymbalta), venlafaxine (Effexor)
  9. Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCA)
    Amitriptyline (Elavil), imipramine (Tofranil), clomipramine (Anafranil)
  10. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOI)
    Phenelzine (Nardil), tranylcypromine (Parnate), isocarboxazid (Marplab)Make note of those used in Parkinson’s
  11. Benzodiazepines
    Anxiety: lorazepam, (Ativan), alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium)Muscle spasms: Diazepam (Valium), clonazepam (Klonopin) and lorazepam (Ativan)
  12. Barbiturate
    Sleep, anxiety, seizure: Phenobarbital (Luminal), pentobarbital (Nembutal)
  13. Atypical Antipsychotics
    Olanzapine (Zyprexa), aripiprazole (Abilify), ziprasidone (Geodon), quetiapine fumarate (Seroquel), risperidone (Risperdal)
  14. Conventional antipsychotics Phenothiazines
    Chlorpromazine (Thorazine), fluphenazine (Prolixin)
  15. Nonconventional antipsychotics Nonphenothiazines
    Haloperidol (Haldol), loxapine succinate (Loxitane)
  16. Mood Stabilizer
    Lithium
  17. Anti epileptic – increasing GABA
    Valproate (Depakote)
  18. CNS Stimulants for ADHD
    Methylphenidate (Ritalin / Concerta), Adderall, Dexedrine
  19. Nonstimulants for ADHD
    Atomoxetine (Strattera)
  20. Dopaminergic Drugs (used Parkinson)
    Levodopa/carbidopa (Sinemet), Ropinirole (Mirapex), pramipexole (Requip)
  21. Immunomodulators
    Interferon beta-1a (Avonex), Interferon beta-1b (Betaseron, Extavia), Glatiramer (Copaxone) used in MS               Adalimumab (Humira), infliximab (Remicade), etanercept (Enbrel), Cyclosporine (Sandimmune) used in psoriasis
  22. Potassium channel blocker
    Dalfampridine (Ampyra) used in MS
  23. Centrally acting Antispasmodic Drugs
    cyclobenzaprine (Amrix, Flexeril), Baclofen (Lioresal), bezodiazepines
  24. Direct Acting Antispasmodic Drugs
    Botulinum toxin – blocks the release of Ach from cholinergic nerve terminalsDantrolene - interferes with the release of calcium in skeletal muscle
  25. Retinoids
    Vitamin A like compounds: –Tretinoin (Retin-A), isotretinoin (Accutane)
  26. Keratoyltic Agents
    Promote shedding of the old skin               salicylic acid,Benzoyl peroxidase (Clearasil, Fostex) - –Inhibits bacterial growth and suppresses turnover of skin cells at the pore opening
  27. Scabicide, pediculicide:
    permethrin (Nix), pyrethrin (Rid)
  28. Corticoisteroids
    Topical used with dermatitis: hydrocortisone (Cutivate), betamethasone, (Diprolene)
  29. Antibiotics
    Doxycycline and Tetracycline
  30. Folate Analog Metabolic Inhibitor
    Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
  31. Potentiate gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
    Antiepileptics, stimulating the influx of chloride ions: Barbiturates: phenobarbital, Benzodiazepines: Clonazpam (Klonopin),Diazepam (Valium), Lorazepam (Ativan), newer meds: Topiramate (Topamax), gabapentin, (Neurontin)
  32. Hydantoins
    Antiepileptics, Delaying an influx of sodium ions                Phenytoin (Dilantin), Carbamazepine (Tegretol), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), and valproic acid (Depakene, Depakote), Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
  33. Succinimides
    Antiepileptics, Delaying an influx of calcium ions Ethosuximide (Zarontin)
  34. NSAIDS  Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
    Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Naproxen               COX-2 Inhibitors: Celecoxid (Celebrex)
  35. Centrally Acting analgesics
    Acetaminophen (Tylenol), Tramadol (Ultram)
  36. Opioids
    mu and kappa
  37. Pure opioid agonist
    Morphine, Codeine, Fentanyl (Sublimaze), Sufentanil (Sufenta), oxycodone hydrochloride (OxyContin), hydromorphone hydrochloride (Dilaudid), meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol)               methadone (Dolophine) – used to treat opioid dependence
  38. Mixed opioid agonist - antagonist:
    Buprenorphine (Buprenex)
  39. Combination Analgesics
    Vicodin (hydrocodone 5 mg; acetaminophen, 500 mg), Percocet (oxycodoneHCl 5mg;acetaminophen 325 mg), Tylenol with Codeine
  40. Opioid Antagonist
    Naloxone (Narcan)
  41. Triptans
    Imitrex (Sumatriptan)
  42. Ergot Alkaloids
    DHE  - dihydroergotamine (Migranal)

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Author:
BrOleg
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316546
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parm
Updated:
2016-02-26 21:32:19
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