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What is psychology?
Psychology is the study of the mind and brain, and research in psychology seeks to understand behavior
mental (cognitive) processes such as thinking, memory
the actual physical structure
actions which we can observe
What is our brain responsible for?
- 1. Balance and co-ordination
- 2. Processing stimuli (eg:sight, touch)
- 3. Memory
- 4. Intelligence (cognitive processes
- 5. Sleep and dreams
- 6. Emotions
- 7. Personality
- 8. Movement
- 9. Learning
What is a sport psychologist?
- A specialised area of psychology which deals with psychological factors that influence, and are influenced by, participation in sport, exercise and physical activity. Help elite level, professional, recreational and other athletes achieve peak performance.
- Can work with: athletes, teams, dancers, gov. departments (AIS)
- Can look at: motivation, well-being, setting goals, overcoming anxiety, communication & conflict resolution, concentration & mental preparation, dealing with injury
What is forensic psychologist?
- Works in settings associated with legal processes and criminal justice system, as well as correctional services.
- -psychological criminal profiling
- -assess and treat mental health issues in perpetrators and victims
- -act as expert witness in court
- -assess dangerousness of an individual
What is a clinical psychologist?
- Works with people in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of mental health problems. These could be:
- - Relationship problems
- - Self-image problems
- - Situational problems
- - Mental health
- Work in: Private practises, hospitals, universities, general medical practises
What is an educational & developmental psychologist?
- An area concerned with the development and learning of people throughout their lifespan, and can work in a wide range of settings, such as schools, universities, aged care centres
- May deal with psychological aspects of education
- May deal with other age related issues
What is an organisational psychologist?
- Organisational psychology is the science of people at work. They can advise and train staff within the workplace about work practises and issues of concern that can affect work performance, such as communication, teamwork and stress management
- Can work with: organisations, teams and individual employees to improve performance and increase effectiveness and productivity in the workplace
What is a neuropsychologist?
- Diagnose and treat psychological disorders associated with conditions affecting the brain. They look at problems caused by brain or nerve damage.
- Can work with: people experiencing difficulties in memory & learning, attention, language & reading, problem-solving, decision-making or other aspects of behaviour and thinking abilities
- Neuropsychologists are trained to understand the cognitive, emotional and behavioural effects of a wide range of conditions
What is a health psychologist?
- A health psychologist works on:
- -the promotion and maintainence of health related behavior
- -prevention and treatment of psychology based illnesses
- -improving the health-care system
- Work with: Many different health-care professionals, such as physicians, dentists, nurses
What is community psychologist?
Community psychologists work to understand and support communities of people, and individuals within communities, as they face various challenges to their physical and mental wellbeing, such as drought, unemployment, violence and poverty. They help people to achieve goals in areas such as community health and welfare and specific community projects.
What is research psychologist?
- Undertakes research on areas of interest in psychology
- Works in: universities, gov. offices, private practise
Label the parts of the brain:
What is the frontal lobe responsible for?
- cognitive and higher order mental processes- eg:
- -problem solving & planning
and voluntary movement
What is the parietal lobe responsible for?
Sensations- processes and interprets touch
What is the occipital lobe responsible for?
Sight- processes visual information
What is the temporal lobe responsible for?
- Processes and interprets auditory (hearing) stimuli
- Facial recognition
What is the cerrebellum responsible for?
- Fine motor control, movement of muscles
What is the brain stem responsible for?
- Automatic, involuntary functions
- (eg- breathing, digestion, heart rate)