A&P

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
31687
Filename:
A&P
Updated:
2010-08-29 12:41:39
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Elementary Tissues
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Description:
tissues and secondary forms along with descriptions
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  1. What are the four elementary tissues?
    epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous tissues
  2. What tissues are classified as epithelial?
    • Simple:Squamous, Cuboidal, Columnar, Ciliated Epithelium,
    • Compund: Stratified, Transitional
    • Basement Membrane
  3. What tissues are classified as connective tissues?
    • Areolar, Adipose, White fibrous, Yellow elastic, Lymphoid,
    • Cartilage: hyaline, fibrocartilage, yellow elastic cartilage,
    • Blood, and Bone: compact and cancellous (spongy)
  4. What are classified as Muscle tissues?
    Striated (skeletal), smooth, and cardiac
  5. What are classified as Nervous tissues?
    glial cells and neurons
  6. Squamous Epithelium
    • Class: simple epithelial
    • description: single layer of flat cells
    • where: blood vessels, heart, alveoli, lymphatic vessels
  7. Cuboidal Epithelium
    • class: simple epithelial
    • description: cubed shaped
    • where: secretory function on glands and the thyroid
  8. Columnar Epithelium
    • class: simple epithelial
    • description: singal layered, cylindrical
    • where: lining of the stomach, intestines, galbladder, bile ducts
  9. Ciliated Epitelium
    • class: simple epithelial
    • description: cylindrical and with hair
    • where: nasal cavity, larynx, trachea, bronchi
  10. Stratified Epithelium
    • class: compound epithelial
    • description: flattened cells on bed of columnar cells
    • where: epidermis of skin, lining of mouth, pharynx, esophagus, conjunctiva
  11. Transitional Epithelium
    • class: compound epithelium
    • description: pear shaped
    • where: lining of the bladder
  12. Basement Membrane
    • class: epithelium
    • description: made of collagen, underlies epithelial tissue
    • function: stabilizes and joins together epithilial and connective tissues
  13. Areolar Tissue
    • class: connective tissue
    • description: elastic
    • where: supports organs between muscles
  14. Adipose Tissue
    • class: connective tissue
    • description: cells w/fat globules
    • where: between muscles and organs
  15. White Fibrous Tissue
    • class: connective tissue
    • description:
  16. White Fibrous Tissue
    • class: connective tissue
    • description: strong, closely packed
    • where: ligaments binding bones, periosteum covering bone, covering organs, fascia over muscle
  17. Yellow Elastic Tissue
    • class: connective tissue
    • description: elastic, recoil
    • where: in area requiring recoil such as the trachea, cartilage, bronchi, lung
  18. Lymphoid Tissue
    • class: connective tissue
    • description: lymphocytes
    • where: tonsils, adenoids, lymphatic nodes
  19. Hyaline Cartilage
    • class: cartilage; connective tissue
    • description: bluish white, smooth, firm, flexible
    • where: articulating surfaces of bone, costal cartilage of ribs, larynx, trachea, bronchial passageways
  20. Fibro Cartilage
    • tissue: cartilage; connective tissue
    • description: dense,white flexible fibers
    • where: intervertebral disks, between surfaces of the knee joint (synovial fluid)
  21. Yellow ( elastic) Cartilage
    • class: cartilage;connective tissue
    • description: firm elastic
    • where: pinna, epiglottis
  22. Blood Tissue
    • class: connective tissue
    • description/where: corpuscles (red and white), platelets, blood plasma
  23. Compact Bone Tissue
    • class: hardest connective tissue
    • description/where: haversian canal, lamellar structure
  24. Cancellous (spongy) Bone Tissue
    • class: hardest connective tissue
    • description: spongyin appearance
    • where: larger haversian canal, red marrow
    • purpose: produces red & white blood cells and plasma
  25. Striated (Skeletal)Tissue
    • class: muscular tissue
    • description: voluntary
    • where: skeletal system
  26. Smooth Tissue
    • class: Muscular tissue
    • description: involuntary
    • where: muscles of internal organs
  27. Cardiac Tissue
    • class: Muscular Tissue
    • description:involuntary; combo of smooth and striated
    • where: heart
  28. Neurons
    • class:Nervous Tissue
    • description: transfer info
    • where: communicating tissue
  29. Glial Cells
    • class: Nervous Tissue
    • description: nutrient transfer
    • where: blood-brain barrier
  30. Tissue Aggregate
    Fascia, Ligaments, Tendons, bones, joints. e.g. Tissues of a muscle/organ that all serve the same general purpose (functional utility)
  31. Fascia
    sheet like membrane that surrounds organs
  32. Ligaments
    bind organs together or hold bone to bone or bone to cartilage
  33. Tendons
    attach muscle to bone or cartilage; if flat: aponeurosis
  34. Bones/cartilage
    provide the structure for the body; articulating by means of joints

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