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What is the intent of testing modifications?
To minimize the effect of a student's disability or learning challenge and to provide an equal opportunity to participate in assessments to demonstrate and express knowledge and ability.
A students testing modifications should be:
Identified in the student's IEP, be consistently implemented and used to the least extent possible.
What are some types of testing modifications?
Flexible scheduling, flexible setting, alternate test format, and use of mechanical aids.
What influences attitudes more than quantitative feedback such as grades?
It has been established that student choice does what?
Increases student originality, intrinsic motivation, and higher mental processes.
What disability makes listening comprehension very difficult?
Auditory processing disorders
What disability causes reading to be tough and visual memory may be impaired?
Visual processing disorders
An approach that aims directly at the enhancement of self-concept is called what?
According to this self-concept approach, teachers and their behaviors may be inviting or they may be disinviting.
What skills of invitational teachers exhibit?
- Reaching each student
- Listening with care
- Being real with students
- Inviting good discipline
- Handling rejection
- Inviting oneself
How can an invitational teacher "reach each student?"
learning names and having one-to-one contact
How can an invitational teacher "listen with care?"
by picking up on subtle cues
How can an invitational teacher "be real with students?"
by providing only realistic praise
How can an invitational teacher "be real with oneself?"
by honestly appraising your own feelings and disappointments
How can an invitational teacher, "invite good discipline?"
by showing students you have respect in personal ways.
How can an invitational teacher "handle rejection?"
by not taking lack of students response in personal ways.
How can an invitational teacher "invite oneself?"
by thinking positively about oneself
The use of what helps students to understand different cultures and research cultural diversity helps teachers profile students' learning styles and engagement in the classroom?
What is meant by "exceptional child?"
Those with special problems related to physical disabilities, sensory impairments, emotional disturbances, learning disabilities, and mental retardation.
Early intervention for exceptional children has been shown to result in what?
- Needing fewer special education and other rehabilitative service later in life.
- Being retained in grades less often.
- In some cases, being indistinguishable from non-handicapped classmates years after intervention.
What does IEP stand for?
Individualized Educational Program