Atlas A

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Author:
nettepooh20
ID:
31736
Filename:
Atlas A
Updated:
2010-10-02 19:07:06
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Atlas
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Description:
Atlas A
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  1. anatomical position
    a stance in which a person stands erect with the feet flat on the floor and close together, arms at the sides, and the palms and face directed forward
  2. supinated
    the forearm is rotated so the palm faces anteriorly
  3. pronated
    the forearm is rotated so the palm faces posteriorly
  4. supine
    position in which the body is facing up
  5. prone
    position in which the body faces down
  6. section
    an actual cut or slice to reveal internal anatomy
  7. plane
    an imaginary flat surface passing through the body
  8. 3 major anatomical planes
    • sagittal
    • frontal
    • transverse
  9. sagittal plane
    passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides it into right and left portions
  10. median (midsagittal) plane
    divides the body or organ into equal halves
  11. frontal (coronal) plane
    extends vertically, but is perpendicular to the sagittal plane and divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions
  12. transverse (horizontal) plane
    passes across the body or an organ perpendicular to its long axis
  13. ventral
    toward the front or belly
  14. dorsal
    toward the back or spine
  15. anterior
    toward the ventral side
  16. posterior
    toward the dorsal side
  17. cephalic
    toward the head or superior end
  18. rostral
    toward the forehead or nose
  19. caudal
    toward the tail or inferior end
  20. superior
    above
  21. inferior
    below
  22. medial
    toward the median plane
  23. lateral
    away from the median plane
  24. proximal
    closer to the point of attachment or origin
  25. distal
    farther from the point of attachment or origin
  26. superficial
    closer to the body surface
  27. deep
    farther from the body surface
  28. 11 organ systems
    • integumentary
    • skeletal
    • muscular
    • nervous
    • endocrine
    • circulatory
    • lymphatic
    • respiratory
    • urinary
    • digestive
    • reproductive
  29. axial region
    • consists of the head, neck (cervical region) and trunk
    • the trunk is further divided into the thoracic region and the abdominal region
  30. four quadrants of the abdomen
    • right upper quadrant RUQ
    • right lower quadrant RLQ
    • left upper quadrant LUQ
    • left lower quadrant LLQ
  31. appendicular region
    • upper limbs:
    • arm (brachial)
    • forearm (antebrachial)
    • wrist (carpel)
    • hand (manual)
    • fingers (digits)

    • lower limbs:
    • thigh (femoral)
    • leg (crural)
    • ankle (tarsal)
    • foot (pedal)
    • toes (digits)
  32. cranial cavity
    enclosed by te cranium (braincase) and contains the brain
  33. vertebral canal
    vertebral column (backbone) and contains the spinal cord

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