Chapter 4 (Buddhism)

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  1. Siddhartha Gautama is the name of
    the person who became known as the Buddha
  2. Tradition holds that which relative of the Buddha died soon after the birth of the Buddha
    Mother
  3. Regarding his social class, the Buddha was
    an aristocrat
  4. The Buddha lived approximately about this time
    563-483 BCE
  5. The Buddha was particularly troubled by the problem of
    suffering and death
  6. The Buddha was shocked into going on a religious search by
    the Four Passing Sights
  7. The Buddha left home to begin his life of wandering at what age?
    29
  8. The Buddha was enlightened by what age?
    35
  9. The Buddha died at what age?
    80
  10. The basic outlook on life, formulated by Buddhism, is contained in
    the Four Noble Truths
  11. One of the essential Buddhist teachings is
    everything is changing
  12. In regard to the common belief in a permanent soul, the Buddha seems to have taught that
    souls are constantly being reborn
  13. Buddhism began in
    India
  14. The Buddha's name comes from a Sanskrit word meaning
    to wake up
  15. A major goal of Buddhism is
    inner peace
  16. Buddhism developed into several branches. The branch that spread into Sri Lanka and southeast Asia is
    Theravada
  17. Literally, Mahayana means
    big vehicle
  18. A person of great compassion, willing to be reborn constantly to help others, is called
    bodhisattva
  19. The essential collection of sacred books of Buddhism known as the three baskets is
    Tripitaka (Tripitaka)
  20. Zen comes from a word that means
    meditation
  21. A sign of connection between Theravada monks and the wandering Hindu ascetics is
    the orange robe
  22. Tibetan Buddhism includes elements of
    Sutra
  23. The unconditional state of reality that is the highest goal of Buddhism is called
    Nirvana
  24. The dissatisfaction and sorrow that life brings is called
    dukkha
  25. Tibetan Buddhism
    makes great use of ritual
  26. Buddhism came to Tibet from
    India
  27. In Tibetan Buddhism, a vajra is frequently used together with
    incense
  28. In Zen Buddhism, zazen refers to
    sitting meditation
  29. The school of Mahayana Buddhism, which sees the Buddha as a divine savior, whose name the believer must constantly repeat with devotion, is
    Pure Land
  30. Vajrayana, a form of Mahayana Buddhism is referred to as:
    The diamond vehicle
  31. What is most important in Zen is
    enlightened awareness
  32. A koan is
    an anecdote, story or mind problem
  33. The type of beauty that Zen particularly values emphasizes
    simplicity
  34. The Buddha of the Western Paradise is
    Amitabha
  35. The name for the Buddhist community of monks and nuns is
    Sangha
  36. To lessen suffering, the Buddha recommended
    lessening desire
  37. The Buddha's first disciples were
    his five former ascetic companions
  38. The Buddha opposed
    the caste system
  39. The Indian ruer who spread Buddhist teaching widely was
    Ashoka
  40. Vitaya, one of the "Three Baskets" refers to
    the collection of rules for monks and nuns
  41. The Dali Lama is
    the leader of Tibetan Buddhism
  42. Each Dalai Lama in Tibetan Buddhism is considered to be
    an emanation of the bodhisattva Avalokiteshavara
  43. In China, Buddhism was sometimes criticized because
    monks and nuns had no children
  44. The Buddha was silent on questions about
    Topics that were unanswerable
  45. Mahayana Buddhism
    spread north to China and Japan
  46. Zen traces itself back to a legendary founder named
    Bodhidharma
  47. Besides Tibetan Buddhism, another form of Vajrayana Buddhism is
    Shingon Buddhism
  48. One of the Dali Lama's hobbies includes:
    repairing timepieces such as watches
  49. Once a person reaches Nirvana,
    rebirth is finished

Card Set Information

Author:
HPizir
ID:
317794
Filename:
Chapter 4 (Buddhism)
Updated:
2016-03-22 19:50:47
Tags:
Chapter Buddhism
Folders:
Introduction to Religion
Description:
Exam 1 (Hinduism and Buddhism)
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