Human Growth and Development
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Sigmund Frued's stages are
Erik Erickson's stages are
The ________ is dependent upon the ______________
The only psychoanalyst who created a developmental theory which encompasses the entire lifespan is
Known as being associated with brief psychotherapy and innovative techniques in hypnosis.
Milton H. Erickson
id= ___________ principle
ego= ___________ principle
Considered a pioneer in the behavior therapy movement and multimodel therapy.
William Perry is known for his ideas related to ______________.
adullt cognitve development; especially college students
List Jean Piagets cognitive development stages in order and their functions.
- Sensorimotor (birth-2yrs)- Senses and motor skills occur; object permanence.
- Preoperational (2-7)- Centration occurs and the the act of focusing on something is the key factor.
- Concrete Operations (7-12)- Conservation takes place; The childs knows that volume and quantity do not change
- Formal Operations (11 1/2-16)- Abstract thinking takes place.
Which developmental theorist used his own children in his studies.
A __________ is a system that permits the child to test out things in the physical world.
The word __________ is a term which implies that humans have characteristics of both sexes.
Lawrence Kohlberg is best known for __________.
Known as the Father of American behaviorism and coined the term in 1912.
John B. Watson
What are Lawrence Kohnlberg's stages of morality? Explain.
- Preconventional- Child respond to consequences; reward and punishment influence behavior.
- Conventional- The individual wants to meet the standards of family, society, and the nation.
- PostConventional- self accepted morality; few people reach this stage.
______________ is known as ther Father of Analytic Psychology.
__________ is known as the Father of Psychoanalysis.
____________ is the founder of individual psychology.
What are Erik Erikson's eight stages of Psychosocial Stages
- 1. Trust vs. Mistrust (birth-1 1/2 yrs)- an infant who gets fed when hungray is likely to trust.
- 2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (1 1/2-3 yrs)- Child chooses and decides for themselves.
- 3. Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6 yrs)- Child finds out what type of person he/she will be.
- 4. Industry vs. Inferiority (6-11 yrs)- Child wishes to enter the larger world of knowledge and work.
- 5. Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-18 yrs)- Occurs during adolescence, people "find" themselves.
- 6. Intimacy vs. Isolation (18-35 yrs)- adulthood; development of close relationships.
- 7. Genativity vs. Stagnation (35-45)- midlife crisis occurs.
- 8. Integrity vs. Despair (65 and beyond)- late adulthood; individual looks back and evaluates their life.
Kohlberg's ___________ stage involves an individual conforming to the roles of society.
The zone of proximal development was pioneered by ______________.
Freud and Erikson could both be classfied as _________________, which suggest that behavior is guided by hereditary factors.
John Bowlby is most classified with _____________ and _______________.
The researcher that is well known for his work with maternal deprivation and isolation in rhesus monkeys is ____________.
What are Freud's psychsexual stages:
oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
__________________ found that child-rearing methods have a tremendous impacct on self-esteem.
B.F. Skinner is known as the prime mover in the _____________psychology movement.
List the three stages od moral development and the level associated with each.
- Preconventional (Premoral level)
- Punishment/Obediance Orientation
- Native Hedonism (instrumantal or egotistic)
- Conventional (morality of conventional rules and conformity)
- Good Boy/Good Girl Orientation
- Authority, Law, and Order Orientation
- Post Conventional (morality of self-accepted principles level)
- Social Contract
- Principles of Self-Conscience and Universal Ethics
The order of the Freudian Psychosexual stage is
Oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital
Theorists who believe that development consist of quantitative changes is described as_________________.
An empiricist view of development would be _____________.
Piaget is a _____________ who believes stange changes are qualitative.
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