Human Growth and Development
Card Set Information
Human Growth and Development
Study guide for NCE
Sigmund Frued's stages are
Erik Erickson's stages are
The ________ is dependent upon the ______________
The only psychoanalyst who created a developmental theory which encompasses the entire lifespan is
Known as being associated with brief psychotherapy and innovative techniques in hypnosis.
Milton H. Erickson
id= ___________ principle
ego= ___________ principle
Considered a pioneer in the behavior therapy movement and multimodel therapy.
William Perry is known for his ideas related to ______________.
adullt cognitve development; especially college students
List Jean Piagets cognitive development stages in order and their functions.
Sensorimotor (birth-2yrs)- Senses and motor skills occur; object permanence.
Preoperational (2-7)- Centration occurs and the the act of focusing on something is the key factor.
Concrete Operations (7-12)- Conservation takes place; The childs knows that volume and quantity do not change
Formal Operations (11 1/2-16)- Abstract thinking takes place.
Which developmental theorist used his own children in his studies.
A __________ is a system that permits the child to test out things in the physical world.
The word __________ is a term which implies that humans have characteristics of both sexes.
Lawrence Kohlberg is best known for __________.
Known as the Father of American behaviorism and coined the term in 1912.
John B. Watson
What are Lawrence Kohnlberg's stages of morality? Explain.
Preconventional- Child respond to consequences; reward and punishment influence behavior.
Conventional- The individual wants to meet the standards of family, society, and the nation.
PostConventional- self accepted morality; few people reach this stage.
______________ is known as ther Father of Analytic Psychology.
__________ is known as the Father of Psychoanalysis.
____________ is the founder of individual psychology.
What are Erik Erikson's eight stages of Psychosocial Stages
1. Trust vs. Mistrust (birth-1 1/2 yrs)- an infant who gets fed when hungray is likely to trust.
2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (1 1/2-3 yrs)- Child chooses and decides for themselves.
3. Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6 yrs)- Child finds out what type of person he/she will be.
4. Industry vs. Inferiority (6-11 yrs)- Child wishes to enter the larger world of knowledge and work.
5. Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-18 yrs)- Occurs during adolescence, people "find" themselves.
6. Intimacy vs. Isolation (18-35 yrs)- adulthood; development of close relationships.
7. Genativity vs. Stagnation (35-45)- midlife crisis occurs.
8. Integrity vs. Despair (65 and beyond)- late adulthood; individual looks back and evaluates their life.
Kohlberg's ___________ stage involves an individual conforming to the roles of society.
The zone of proximal development was pioneered by ______________.
Freud and Erikson could both be classfied as _________________, which suggest that behavior is guided by hereditary factors.
John Bowlby is most classified with _____________ and _______________.
The researcher that is well known for his work with maternal deprivation and isolation in rhesus monkeys is ____________.
What are Freud's psychsexual stages:
oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
__________________ found that child-rearing methods have a tremendous impacct on self-esteem.
B.F. Skinner is known as the prime mover in the _____________psychology movement.
List the three stages od moral development and the level associated with each.
Preconventional (Premoral level)
Native Hedonism (instrumantal or egotistic)
Conventional (morality of conventional rules and conformity)
Good Boy/Good Girl Orientation
Authority, Law, and Order Orientation
Post Conventional (morality of self-accepted principles level)
Principles of Self-Conscience and Universal Ethics
The order of the Freudian Psychosexual stage is
Oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital
Theorists who believe that development consist of quantitative changes is described as_________________.
An empiricist view of development would be _____________.
Piaget is a _____________ who believes stange changes are qualitative.