Card Set Information
Plural of a term ending in -a?
Plural of a term ending in -ax?
Plural of a term ending in -en?
Plural of a term ending in -ex?
Plural of a term ending in -is?
Plural of a term ending in -ix?
Plural of a term ending in -ma?
Plural of a term ending in -on?
Plural of a term ending in -um?
Plural of a term ending in -us?
Plural of a term ending in -x?
Plural of a term ending in -y?
Plural of a term ending in -yx?
"knowledge of an abnormal condition"
"recognize an abnormal condition"
"to flow profusely"
"abnormal sound heard on auscultation of the heart or blood vessels"
study of the diseases of the nervous system
Tube from the kidney to the bladder.
The tube from the bladder to the outside of the body.
Low blood pressure
Condition of high blood pressure.
pertaining to the rib and spine
Ear, nose, and throat specialist.
The study of diseases of the kidney and bladder and the male reproductive system.
Greek for indivisible
"a small unit of matter"
blast/o- "immature cell"
-cyst "cyst, sack, bladder"
The first 2 weeks of an embryo developing
Latin for "a storeroom"
The smallest unit capable of independent existence.
Pertaining to a cell
Study of the cell
Fertiliz- "to bear"
Union of a male sperm and a female egg.
Union of a male sperm and a female egg.
Pertaining to the care of the whole person in physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual dimensions.
Very small particle consisting of two or more atoms held tightly together.
Female egg cell
Latin for "instrument, tool"
Structure with specific functions in a body system
Part of a cell having a specialized function.
Latin for "to weave"
Collection of similar cells
In vitro fertilization
Process of combining a sperm and egg in a laboratory dish and placing resulting embryos inside a uterus.
Greek for "yolked"
Cell resulting from the union of the sperm and the egg.
Order of composition of the body, largest to smallest.
basic functions of life
do the cells derived from a zygote carry out?
of lipids and protiens
and use of energy
with other cells
of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Clear, gelatinous substance that forms the substance of a cell except for the nucleus.
Source of hereditary characteristics found in chromosomes.
Substance that, when dissolved in a suitable medium, forms electrically charged particles
Greek for "set in motion"
Chemical formed in one tissue or organ and carried by the blood to stimulate or inhibit a function of another tissue or organ
Withing the cell
Latin for "Parchment"
Thin layer of tissue covering a structure or cavity
The constantly changing physical and chemical processes occuring in the cell.
Pertaining to metabolism
"cartilage, rib, granule"
Organelle that generates, stores, and releases energy for cell activities.
Part of a cell having a specialized function
Large family of chemical substances bound in many drugs, hormones, and body components.
Examples of organelles:
Golgi complex or apparatus
"to build up"
The buildup of complex substances in the cell from simpler ones as a part of metabolism.
"composed of, pertaining to"
Group of organic food compounds that includes sugars, starch, glycogen, and cellulose.
breakdown of complex substances into simpler ones as a part of metabolism.
Junction that holds the two chromatids together to form a chromosome
Having a particular quality
Having a specific color
One of the two strands of a chromosome.
substance, chemical compound
Substance composed of DNA that forms chromosomes during cell division.
Body in the nucleus that contains DNA and genes.
Structure inside a cell that synthesizes steriods, detoxifies drugs, and manufactures cell membranes.
Combination of carbohydrate and protein.
Organelle involved in synthesis of carbohydrates and glycoprotiens.
Enzyme that digests foreign material and worn out cell components.
Functional center of a cell or structure
Small mass within the nucleus.
Class of food substances based on amino acids
Structure that assembles amino acids into protein
Front surface or body; situated in front
Situated at the side; having an accessory function.
What are the four primary tissue groups?
Purpose and location of connective tissue?
To bind, support, protect, fill spaces and store fat.
Widely distributed thoughout the body in blood, bone, cartilage, and fat.
Purpose and location of Epithelial tissue?
Its function is to protect, secrete, absorb, and excrete.
It covers body surface, cover and line internal organs, and composes glands.
Purpose and location of Muscle tissue?
Its function is movement.
It is attached to bones, in the walls of hollow organs, and in the heart.
Purpose and location of Nervous tissue?
Function is to transmit impulses for coordination, sensory reception, motor actions.
Located in the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
To bring together different structures into a harmonious function.
Latin for "cross"
shaped like a cross
Tissue that covers surfaces or lines cavities
Latin for "seperate"
To pass waste products of metabolism out of the body.
Removal of waste products of metabolism out of the body.
French for "transplant"
Transplantation of living tissue.
Study of the structure and function of cells, tissues, and organs
Latin for "band"
Band of fibrous tissue connecting two structures.
Opposite of lateral
Latin for "middle"
Nearer to the middle of the body.
Greek for "crescent"
Disc of connective tisssue cartilage between the bones of a joint.
A tissue consisting of contractile cells.
Latin for "small plate"
Thin circular bone in front of the knee joint that is embedded in the patellar tendon. Aka the kneecap.
Latin for "release"
To produce a chemical substance in a cell and release it from the cell.