Med_term

Card Set Information

Author:
jennamae26
ID:
31821
Filename:
Med_term
Updated:
2010-08-29 23:23:31
Tags:
prefix root combining form suffix med term
Folders:

Description:
essentials of Med Term 3rd edition (LSC)
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user jennamae26 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. How do you make these words plural?
    Diagnosis
    Pelvis
    Neurosis
    • Change "is" to "es"
    • Diagnoses
    • Pelves
    • Neuroses
  2. How do you make these words plural?
    Bronchus
    Bacillus
    Calculus
    Embolus
    • Change "us" to "i"
    • Bronchi
    • Bacilli
    • Calculi
    • Emboli
  3. How do you make these words plural?
    Sclera
    Scapula
    Vena cava
    • Plurals add an "e"
    • Sclerae
    • Scapulae
    • Venae cavae
  4. How do you make these words plural?
    Acetabulum
    Capitulum
    Septum
    Diverticulum
    • Change the "um" to an "a"
    • Acetabula
    • Capitula
    • Septa
    • Diverticula
  5. How do you make these words plural?
    Calix
    Cervix
    Index
    Varix
    • Change "ix" or "ex" to "ices"
    • Calices
    • Cervices
    • Indicies
    • Variecs
  6. How do you make these words plural?
    Adenoma
    Carcinoma
    Fibroma
    • Words ending in "oma" are made plural by the addition of a "ta" or "s"
    • Adenomata or adenomas
    • Carcinomata or carcinomas
    • Fibromata or fibromas
  7. How do you make these words plural?
    Larynx
    Phalanx
    • Words ending in "nx" change the "x" to "ges"
    • Larynges
    • Phalanges
  8. How do you make these words plural?
    Ganglion
    • Change words ending in "on" to "a" or add an "s"
    • ganglia or ganglions
  9. How do you make this word plural?
    Thorax
    • Words ending in "ax" change to "aces"
    • Thoraces
  10. Adip/o; lip/o; steat/o
    Fat
  11. Axill/o
    Armpit
  12. Bi/o
    Life
  13. Cephal/o
    Head
  14. Cervic/o
    Neck
  15. Cyt/o
    Cell
  16. Hist/o; histi/o
    Tissue
  17. Path/o
    Disease
  18. Viscer/o
    Internal organs
  19. Cili/o; pil/o
    Hair
  20. Derm/o; dermat/o; cutane/o
    Skin
  21. Onych/o; ungu/o
    Nail
  22. Arthr/o
    Joint
  23. Chondr/o
    Cartilage
  24. Crani/o
    Skull
  25. Cost/o
    Rib
  26. Myel/o
    • Bone marrow
    • (also means spinal cord)
  27. Oste/o
    Bone
  28. Pelv/o; pelvi/i
    Pelvis
  29. Spin/o
    Spine; spinal (vertebral) column; backbone
  30. Vertebr/o; spondyl/o
    Vertebra
  31. My/o; muscul/o
    Muscle
  32. Tend/o; tendin/o
    Tendon
  33. Belphar/o
    Eyelid
  34. Cerebr/o; encephal/o
    Brain
  35. Myel/o
    Spinal cord (also means bone marrow)
  36. Neur/o
    Nerve
  37. Opthalm/o; ocul/o
    Eye
  38. Ot/o
    Ear
  39. Aden/o
    Gland
  40. Adren/o
    Adrenal gland
  41. Parathyroid/o
    Parathyroid glad
  42. Pituitar/o
    Pituitary gland
  43. Thyroid/o
    Thyroid gland
  44. Angi/o; vascul/o; vas/o
    Vessel
  45. Arteri/o
    Artery
  46. Cardi/o
    Heart
  47. Hem/o; hemat/o
    Blood
  48. Ven/o; phleb/o
    Vein
  49. Adenoid/o
    Adenoids
  50. Lymph/o
    Lymph (clear, watery fluid)
  51. Lymphaden/o
    Lymph glands; lymph nodes
  52. Lymphangi/o
    Lymph vessels
  53. Splen/o
    Spleen
  54. Tonsill/o
    Tonsils
  55. Alevol/o
    Air sac; alveolus
  56. Bronch/o; bronchi/o
    Bronchus
  57. Bronchiol/o
    Small bronchial tubes
  58. Laryng/o
    Voice box; larynx
  59. Nas/o; rhin/o
    Nose
  60. Pharyng/o
    Thorat; pharynx
  61. Phren/o
    Diaphragm
  62. Pneum/o; pneumon/o; pulmon/o
    Lungs
  63. Thorac/o
    Chest
  64. Trache/o
    Windpipe; trachea
  65. Abdomin/o
    Abdomen
  66. Cheil/o
    Lips
  67. Col/o
    Large intestine; colon
  68. Enter/o
    Small intestine
  69. Esophag/o
    Esophagus
  70. Gastr/o
    Stomach
  71. Gloss/o; lingu/o
    Tongue
  72. Hepat/o
    Liver
  73. Or/o; stomat/o
    Mouth
  74. Pharyng/o
    Throat; phraynx (also part of the respiratory system)
  75. Rect/o
    Rectum
  76. Cyst/o
    Bladder
  77. Ren/o; nephr/o

    (my nephew is a kid)
    Kidneys
  78. Ureter/o
    Ureters
  79. Urethr/o
    Urethra
  80. Epididym/o
    Epididymis
  81. Orchid/o; test/o; testicul/o
    Testicle; testis
  82. Phall/o
    Penis
  83. Prostat/o
    Prostate gland
  84. Vas/o
    Ductus (vas) deferens
  85. Colp/o; vagin/o
    Vagina
  86. Gynec/o
    Female
  87. Mast/o; mamm/o
    Breast
  88. Oophr/o; ovari/o
    Ovary
  89. Salping/o
    Fallopian tubes; uterine tubes
  90. Uter/o; hyster/o; metr/o
    Uterus
  91. Vulv/o
    Vulva; external genitalia
  92. Acr/o
    Top; extremities
  93. Carcin/o
    Cancer
  94. Don/o
    Donates
  95. Fluor/o
    Luminous
  96. Glyc/o
    Sugar
  97. Pharmac/o
    Drug
  98. Physi/o
    Nature
  99. Practition/o
    Practice
  100. Sect/o
    Cut
  101. Micro-
    Small

    (prefix)
  102. -algia
    Cephalgia; Arthralgia; Otalgia
    • Pain
    • Examples
    • Cephalgia - headache
    • Arthralgia - joint pain
    • Otalgia - earache
  103. -cele
    Cystocele; rectocele; encephalocele
    • Hernia (protrusion or displacement of an organ through a structure that normally contains it)
    • Example:
    • Cystocele - hernia of the urinary bladder; protrusion of the bladder onto the vagina walls
    • Rectocele - hernia of the rectum; protrusion of the rectum onto the vaginal wall
    • Encephalocele - hernia of the brain
  104. -dynia
    Gastrodynia; mastodynia
    • Pain
    • Example:
    • Gastrodynia - stomach pain
    • Mastodynia - breast pain
  105. -emesis
    Hematemesis
    • Vomiting
    • Example:
    • Hematemesis - vomiting of blood
  106. -emia
    Glycemia
    • Blood condition
    • Example:
    • Glycemia - sugar in the blood
  107. -ia
    Pneumonia
    • State of; condition
    • Example:
    • Pneumonia - condition of the lung (most commonly known as an inflammation of the lung)
  108. -itis
    Eteritis; stomaitis; spondylitis
    • Inflammation (the redness, swelling, heat, and pain that occur when the body protects itself fomr injury)
    • Example:
    • Enteritis - inflamed small intestine
    • Stomatitis - inflamed mouth
    • Spondylitis - inflamed vertebra
  109. -lysis
    Hemolysis
    • Destruction; separation; breakdown
    • Example:
    • Hemolysis - breakdown of blood

    **think of the word "analysis" meaning to "breakdown or separate into parts"
  110. -malacia
    Cereromalacia; Chondromalacia
    • Softening
    • Examples:
    • Cerebromalacia - softening of the brain
    • Chondromalacia - softening of cartilage
  111. -megaly
    Visceromegaly
    • Enlargement
    • Example:
    • Visceromegaly - enlargement of the internal organs
  112. -oma
    Lipoma; myoma
    • Tumor; mass
    • Example:
    • Lipoma - tumor containing fat
    • Myoma - tumor containing muscle
  113. -osis
    Nephrosis
    • Abnormal condition
    • Example:
    • Nephrosis - abnormal condition of the kidney
  114. -pathy
    Ureteropathy
    • Disease process
    • Example:
    • Ureteropathy - disease process of the ureter to the bladder for the passage of urine
  115. -penia
    Cytopenia
    • Decrease, deficiency
    • Example:
    • Cytopenia - deficiency of cells
  116. -phobia
    Acrophobia
    • Irrational fear
    • Example:
    • Acrophobia - fear of heights
  117. -ptosis
    Blepharoptosis; nephroptosis
    • Downward displacement; drooping; prolaspe; sagging
    • Example:
    • Blepharoptosis - drooping eyelid
    • Nephroptosis - drooping kidney
  118. -pytsis
    Hemoptysis
    • Spitting
    • Example:
    • Hemoptysis - spitting up blood
  119. -rrhage; -rrhagia
    Hemmorrage; gastrorrhagia
    • Bursting forth
    • Example:
    • Hemorrage - bursting forth of blood; bleeding
    • Gastrorrhagia - bleeding from the stomach
  120. -rrhea
    Otorrhea
    • Flow; discharge
    • Example:
    • Otorrhea - discharge from the ear
  121. -rrhexis
    Splenorrhexis
    • Rupture
    • Example:
    • Splenorrhexis - ruptured spleen
  122. -sclerosis
    Arteriosclerosis
    • Hardening
    • Example:
    • Arteriosclerosis - hardening of the arteries
  123. -spasm
    Blepharospasm
    • Sudden, involuntary contraction
    • Examlpe:
    • Blepharospasm - sudden, involuntary contraction of he eyelid
  124. -stenosis
    Phlebostenosis
    • Narrowing; stricture
    • Example:
    • Phlebostenosis - narrowing of a vein
  125. -y
    Neuropathy; mircoencephaly
    • Process
    • Example:
    • Neuropathy (neur/o + path/o + y) - diesase process of the nerve
    • Mircoencephaly (mirc/o + encephal/o + y) - small brain
  126. -gram
    Lymphangiogram
    • Record; writing
    • Example:
    • Lymphangiogram - record of the lymph vessel (by the use of xrays)
  127. -graph
    Cardiograph
    • Instrument used to record
    • Example:
    • Cardiograph - instrument used to record heart activity
  128. -graphy
    Computed tomography; mammography; myelography
    • Process of recording; producing images
    • Example:
    • Computed tomography (tom/o - to cut) CT Scan
    • Xray beam rotates around the patient detailing various depths. The information is computer analyzed and converted to a picture of the body part. Common body parts studied in his fashion include the abdomen, kidneys, brain, and chest.
    • Mammography - producing images of breast
    • Myelography - producing images of the spinal cord
  129. -meter
    Craniometer
    • Instrument used to measure; process of meaning
    • Example
    • Craniometer - instrument used to measure the skull
  130. -metry
    Pelvimetry
    • To measure; measurment
    • Example:
    • Pelvimetry - measurement of the pelvis
  131. -opsy
    Biopsy
    • To view
    • Example:
    • Biopsy - a procedure involving the removal of a piece of living tissue, which is then mircoscopically examined for any abnormalities
  132. -scope
    Bronchoscope
    • Instrument used visually examine (a body cavity or organ)
    • Bronchoscope - instrument used to visually examine the intereior of bronchus
  133. -scopy
    Bronchoscopy; flouroscopy
    • Process of visually examining (a body cavity or organ)
    • Bronchoscopy - process of visually examining the bronchus
    • Flouroscopy - xray of moving structures, such as the movement of substance through the digestive tract (in this term, -scopy does not mean the process of visually examining a body cavity or organ. A flouroscopy produces an image of a structure on a flourescent screen rather than on a single x-ray film. This procedure has the advantage of allowing observation of structures as they move.
  134. -centesis
    Abdominocentesis; Thoracocentesis
    • Surgical puncture to remove fluid
    • Example:
    • Abdominocentesis - surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
    • Thoracocentesis - surgical puncture of the chest wall to remove excess fluid from around the lungs.
  135. -desis
    Arthrodesis
    • Surgical binding; surgical fusion
    • Example:
    • Arthrodesis - surgical fusion of a joint
  136. -ectomy
    Oophorectomy; Tonsillectomy
    • Excision; surgical removal
    • Example:
    • Oophorectomy - excision of the ovary
    • Tonsillectomy - excision of the tonsils
  137. -pexy
    Nephropexy
    • Surgical fixation
    • Example:
    • Nephropexy - surgical fixation of the kidney
  138. -plasty
    Orchidoplasty
    • Surgical reconstruction; surgical repair
    • Example:
    • Orchidoplasty - surgical reconstruction of the testicle
  139. -rrhaphy
    Colporrhapy
    • Suture; sew
    • Example:
    • Colporrhapy - suturing of the vagina
  140. -stasis
    Hemostasis
    • Stoppage; stopping; controlling
    • Example:
    • Hemostasis - stoppage of blood
  141. -stomy
    Tracheostomy
    • New opening; artificial opening
    • Example:
    • Tracheostomy - new opening into the trachea
  142. -tome
    Myotome
    • Instrument used to cut
    • Example:
    • Myotome - instrument used to cut muscle
  143. -tomy
    Tendotomy
    • Process of cutting; incision
    • Example:
    • Tendotomy - process of cutting a tendon
  144. -cyte
    Adipocyte; histiocyte; histocyte
    • Cell
    • Example:
    • Adipocyte - fat cell
    • Histiocyte; histocyte - tissue cell
  145. -er; -ician, -logist, -ist
    Pracitioner; physician; neurologist; pharmacist
    • Specialist; one who specializes; specialist in the study of
    • Example:
    • Pracitioner - one who has obtained the proper requirements to work in a specific field of study
    • Physician - specialist in the study of medicine who has graduated from a recognized school of medicine and is licensed by the appropirate authority to practice
    • Neurologist - specialist in the study of the nervous system and its disorders
    • Pharmacist - specialist licensed to prepare and dispense drugs
  146. -ion
    Section
    • Process
    • Example:
    • Section - process of cutting
  147. -logy
    Hepatology; physiology
    • Study of; process of study
    • Example:
    • Hepatology - study of the liver
    • Physiology - study of function (the study of how a structure functions)
  148. -or
    Organ donor
    • One who; person or thing that does something
    • Example:
    • Organ donor - one who donates organ tissue to be used in another body
  149. -plasia
    Chrondroplasia
    • Formation; developement
    • Example:
    • Chrondroplasia - formation of cartilage
  150. -poiesis
    Hematopoiesis
    • Production; manufacture; formation
    • Example:
    • Hematopoiesis - production of blood
  151. -genic
    Carcinogenic
    • Produced by; producing
    • Carcinogenic - producing cancer (agent that peoduces cancer)
  152. -oid
    Osteoid
    • Resembling
    • Example:
    • Osteoid - resembling bone
  153. -ole; -ule
    Bronchiole; venule
    • Small
    • Example:
    • Bronchiole - small bronchus
    • Venule - small vein
  154. -ac; -al; -ary; -eal; -ic; -ous
    Cardiac; renal; mammary; pharyngeal; gastric; venous
    • Pertaining to
    • Example:
    • Cardiac - pertaining to heart
    • Renal - pertaining to kidney
    • Mammary - pertaining to breast
    • Pharyngeal - pertaining to the throat
    • Gastric - pertaining to the stomach
    • Venous - pertaining to the vein
  155. Cellul/o
    Cell
  156. Cis/o
    To cut
  157. Comat/o
    Deep sleep
  158. Digest/o
    Digestion
  159. Duct/o
    To draw
  160. Later/o
    Side; lateral
  161. Nat/o
    Birth
  162. Sept/o
    Infection
  163. Son/o
    Sound
  164. -aise
    Ease
  165. -ar
    Pertaining to
  166. -cuspid
    Projection; cusps
  167. -drome
    To run
  168. -form
    Shape; form
  169. -genous
    Produced by
  170. -gnosis
    Knowledge
  171. -mortem
    Death
  172. -plasm
    Development; formation
  173. -plegia
    Paralysis
  174. -version
    Turning; tilting
  175. Ab-
    Abduction
    • Away from
    • Example: process of drawing away from
  176. Ad-
    Adduction
    • Toward
    • Example:
    • Adduction - process of drawing toward
    • ** when you add something, you bring it toward you.
  177. Ante-
    Antenatal (same as prenatal)
    • Before
    • Example:
    • Antenatal - pertaining to before birth, referring to the fetus; prenatal
  178. Circum-
    Circumduction
    • Around
    • Example:
    • Circumduction - process of drawing a part in a circular motion
  179. Dia-
    Diameter; Diagnosis
    • Through; complete
    • Example:
    • Diameter - measurement from edge to edge of a circle
    • Diagnosis - one disease is differentiated from another disease after compete knowledge of the disease is obtained through a study of the signs and symptoms, and through laboratory, xray, and other diagnostic procedures
  180. Ecto-
    Ectogenous
    • Oustide
    • Example:
    • Ectogenous - produced from the outside; infection thay originates from outside
  181. Endo-
    Endoscope
    • Within
    • Example:
    • Endoscope - instrument used to visually examine a body cavity or organ
  182. Epi-
    Epigastric
    • Upon; on; above
    • Example:
    • Epigastric- pertaining to upon the stomach
  183. E-; ex-; exo-; extra-
    Eversion; excision; extraocular;
    • Out; outward; outside
    • Example:
    • Eversion - process of turning out, as in the turning of the sole of the foot outward
    • Excision - process of cutting
    • Extraocular - pertaining ro outside the eye
    • ** ex mean OUT, as in exit
  184. Hyper-
    Hyperplasia
    • Excessive; above
    • Example:
    • Hyperplasia - excessive formation; increase in the number of normal cells
  185. Hypo-
    Hypogastric
    • Below; under; deficient
    • Example:
    • Hypogastric - pertaining to below the stomach
  186. In-
    Incision; Inversion
    • In; into
    • Example:
    • Incision - process of cutting into
    • Inversion - process of turning in, as in turning of the sole o the foot inward
  187. Infra-
    Infracostal
    • Below; beneath
    • Example:
    • Infracostal - pertaining to below the ribs
  188. Inter-
    Intercellular
    • Between
    • Example:
    • Intercellular - pertaining to between cells
  189. Intra-
    Intracranial
    • Within
    • Example:
    • Intracranial - pertaining to within the skull
  190. Meta-
    Metaplasia; Metastasis
    • Beyond
    • Example:
    • Metaplasia - change in formation
    • Metastasis - the uncontrolled spread of cancerous cells from one organ to another
  191. Para-
    Paranasal
    • Beside; near
    • Example:
    • Paranasal - pertaining to near the nose
  192. Per-
    Percutaneous
    • Through
    • Example:
    • Percutaneous - pertaining to through the skin
  193. Peri-
    Perineuritis
    • Around
    • Example:
    • Perineuritis - inflammation of the nerve
  194. Post-
    Postmortem
    • After
    • Example:
    • Postmortem - after death
  195. Pre-
    Prenatal
    • Before; in front of
    • Example:
    • Prenatal - pertaining to before birth, referring to the fetus
  196. Pro-
    Prodome; Prognosis
    • Before
    • Example:
    • Prodome - symptoms occuring before he onset of disease.
    • Prognosis - prediction or forecast of the outcome o disease
  197. Retro-
    Retroversion
    • Back behind
    • Example:
    • Retroversion - backward turning or tipping of an organ
  198. Sub-
    Subcutaneous; Sublingual
    • Under; below
    • Example:
    • Subcutaneous - pertaining to under the skin
    • Sublingual - pertaining to under the tongue
  199. Supra-
    Suprarenal
    • Above
    • Example:
    • Suprarenal - pertaining to above the kidney
  200. Trans-
    Transection
    • Across
    • Example:
    • Transection - process of cutting across
  201. Ultra-
    Ultrasonography
    • Beyond
    • Example:
    • Ultrasonography - process of recording an image of internal structures by using high frquency sound waves; also know as ultrasound
  202. Anti-
    Antibiotic
    • Against
    • Example:
    • Antibiotic - drug used to kill harmfull bacteria
    • ** prefix and answer contain "i" **
  203. A-; an-
    Aseptic; Anemia
    • No; not; lack of
    • Example:
    • Aseptic - free from infectious material
    • Anemia - lack of red blood cells (RBCs); lack of hemoglobin (Hgb)
    • ** a- (roots that start with consonant) an- (roots that start with a vowel)**
  204. Contra-
    Contralateral
    • Against; opposite
    • Example:
    • Contralateral - pertaining to opposite side
  205. In-
    Indigestible
    • Not
    • Example:
    • Indigestible - not capable of being digested
  206. Bi-; di-
    Bilateral; dissection
    • Two
    • Bilateral - pertaining to two sides
    • Dissection - to cut into two pieces
    • ** bicycle has two wheels**
  207. Hemi-; semi-
    Hemigastroectomy; semicomatose
    • Half
    • Example:
    • Hemigastroectomy - excision of half the stomach
    • Semicomatose - state of unconsciousness from which the patient may be aroused
  208. Mono-; uni
    Unilateral; monocyte
    • One
    • Example:
    • Monocyte - blood cell with a single nucleus
    • Unilateral - pertaining to one side
  209. Mutli-; poly
    Multiform; polyadenoma
    • Many
    • Example:
    • Multiform - having many shapes
    • Polyadenoma - tumor of many glands
  210. Quadri-
    Quadrilateral
    • Four
    • Example:
    • Quadrilateral - pertaining to four sides
  211. Tri-
    Tricuspid
    • Three
    • Example:
    • Tricuspid - three cusps or projections
    • Note: the tricuspids or molars are teeth with three projections for grinding and cutting food
    • ** trio is a group of three
  212. Ana-
    Anatomy
    • Apart; up
    • Example:
    • Anatomy - the study of the structure of the body
  213. Auto-
    Autopsy
    • Self
    • Example:
    • Autopsy - internal and external examination of the body after death to determine the cause of death; also called necropsy or postmortem examination
  214. Brady-
    Bradycardia
    • Slow
    • Example:
    • Bradycardia - pertaining to a slow heartbeat
  215. Dys-
    Dysplasia
    • Bad; abnormal; difficult; painful
    • Example:
    • Dysplasia - abnormal development
  216. Macro-
    Macrocephelia
    • Large
    • Example:
    • Macrocephelia - excessively large head
  217. Mal-
    Malaise
    • Bad
    • Example:
    • Malaise - a feeling of uneasiness or discomfort; a sign of illness
  218. Micro-
    Microscope
    • Small
    • Example:
    • Mircoscope: instrument used to visually examine very small objects
  219. Neo-
    Neoplasm
    • New
    • Example:
    • Neoplasm - new formation of tissue such as an abnormal growth or tumor
  220. Pan-
    Panhysterectomy
    • All
    • Example:
    • Panhysterectomy - excision of the uterus
  221. Syn-; sym-
    Synarthrotic; Symmetry
    • Together; with; joined
    • Example:
    • synarthrotic - a typeno joint in which the bones are joined
    • Symmetry - like parts on the opposite sides of the body are similar in form, size, and position
    • ** syn- becomes syn- before M, B, & P
  222. Trachy-
    Trachycardia
    • Fast; rapid
    • Example:
    • Trachycardia - pertaining to fast heartbeat of over 100 beats per minute
  223. Tetra-
    Tetraplegia
    • Four
    • Example:
    • Tetraplegia - paralysis of all four limbs; also know as quadripelgia
  224. Above (3)
    • Epi-
    • hyper-
    • Supra-
  225. Against (2)
    • Anti-
    • contra-
  226. Around (2)
    • Circum-
    • Peri-
  227. Bad (2)
    • Dys-
    • Mal-
  228. Before (3)
    • Ante-
    • Pre-
    • Pro-
  229. Half (2)
    • Hemi-
    • Semi-
  230. Many (2)
    • Multi-
    • Poly-
  231. One (2)
    • Mono-
    • Uni-
  232. Outside (5)
    • E-
    • Ex-
    • Extra-
    • Ecto-
    • Exo-
  233. Within (2)
    • Endo-
    • Intra-
  234. Opposites
    Away from
    Toward
    • Ab-
    • Ad-
  235. Opposites
    Before (3)
    After (1)
    • Ante-; pre-; pro-
    • Post-

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview