Microbiology

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Author:
jess03
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31824
Filename:
Microbiology
Updated:
2010-08-30 16:44:16
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Chapter 1 Microbiology Then & Now
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  1. A disease causing infectious agent
    Pathogen
  2. A complex community of microbes that being attachedto a surface act differently than as individuals
    Biofilm
  3. The scientific study of fungi
    Mycology
  4. The use of microorganisms to help remove or decontaminate toxic weaste and other products in the environment
    Bioremediation
  5. The doctrine that organisms can arise from nonliving matter, such as though putrefaction and decay
    Spontaneous generation
  6. The process by whichsome bacterial species convert nitrogen gas into ammonia
    Nitrogen Fixation
  7. A visible mass of bacteria cells growing on a culture plate
    Colony
  8. The concept stating that some microorganisms are responsible for infectious diseases
    Germ theory
  9. A liquid nutrient solution for growing microbes
    Broth
  10. The tiny, living "animals" seen by Leeuwenhoek
    Animalcules
  11. The use of chemicals as disinfection agent on the skin surface
    Antisepsis
  12. Bacterial or fungal species that recycle materials from dead organisms
    Decomposers
  13. An accumulation or colony of microorganisms of one type
    Pure culture
  14. Referring to a microorganism composed of single cells having a single chromosome but no cell nucleus or nuclear membrane envelope
    Prokaryotic
  15. A particle of nucleic acid (either DNA or RNA) surrounded by a protein coat; neither prokaryotic nor eukaryotic
    Virus
  16. The complete set of genes in a virus or organism
    Genome
  17. An antimicrobial substance produced by some fungal and bacterial species that inhabits toher microorganisms
    Antibiotic
  18. The group of microorganisms that includes the molds and yeasts
    Fungi
  19. A common name for a microorganism that causes disease
    Germ
  20. An organism in the protista group that carries out photosynthesis
    Alga
  21. The group of microorganisms composed of the protozoa and algae
    Protisita
  22. A microscopic form of life including bacteria fungi algae and protozoa
    Microorganism
  23. A set of procedures by which a specific disease
    Koch's postulates
  24. A controlled heating process that distroys pathogens in a fluid such as milk
    Pasteurization
  25. The use of antimicrobial chemicals to kill microorganisms
    Chemotheorapy
  26. A immunological defensive process in which bacteria or viruses can be taken into white blood cells
    Phagocytosis
  27. An antibody preparation produced in an immunized animal
    Antitoxin
  28. An ill-defined entity generally referring to an altered chemical quality of the atmosphere that was incorrectly thought to cause disease
    Miasma
  29. The scientific study of bacterial organisms
    Bacteriology
  30. Referring to a cell or organism containing a cell nucleus with chromosomes and a nuclear membrane envelope
    Eukaryotic

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