A&P Lab test one

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Author:
trsmith
ID:
31830
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A&P Lab test one
Updated:
2010-08-30 22:43:05
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Muscle tissues Epithelial tissue Connective tissues Nervous tissue
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Description:
Learn and identify different types of tissues including Muscle tissues, Epithelial tissue, Connective tissues, and Nervous tissue.
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  1. Simple squamous epithelium
    • Flat cells
    • One layer thick
    • Lines veins and arteries
  2. Stratified squamous epithelium
    • Flat cells
    • Several layer thick
    • Make-up the skin
  3. Simple columnar epithelium
    • Column-shaped chells
    • One layer thick
    • Lines the intestines
  4. Simple cuboidal epithelium
    • Cube-shaped cells
    • One layer thick
    • Lines glands
  5. Ciliated columnar epithelium
    • Column-shaped cells
    • One layer thick
    • Possess cilia
    • Lines nasal passages and trachea
  6. Epithelial Tissues
    Predominately a covering and protective type tissue
  7. Smooth muscle
    • Makes-up the stomach and intestines
    • synonymous names include involuntary and visceral
  8. Striated muscle
    • Makes-up all skeletal muscle
    • (also known as skeletal muscle)
  9. Cardiac muscle
    Also known as heart muscle
  10. Plasma
    The liquid portion of the blood making-up about 55% and is about 90% water.
  11. What does plasma contain
    • vitamins
    • electrolytes
    • hormones
    • antibodies
  12. The cellullar components of the blood include:
    • red blood cells
    • white blood cells
    • platelets
  13. Name five types of connective tissues
    • cartilage
    • adipose
    • bone
    • red blood cells
    • platelet
  14. Name three types of cartilage tissue
    • hyaline cartilage
    • elastic cartilage
    • fibrocartilage
  15. Name the function of the hyaline cartilage
    • It covers the articular surfaces of bone
    • It produces a friction-free surface for movement
  16. Name the function of elastic cartilage
    • It is more flexible than hyaline cartilage
    • It makes-up the external ear and eustachian tube
  17. Name the function of the fibrocartilage
    It makes-up the intervertebral disks and the pubic symphosis of the pelvis
  18. Name the function of the adipose
    • It is a storage place for fat
    • It stores estrogen in women
    • It insulates and protects the body
  19. Name the function of the bone
    It makes-up the endoskeleton
  20. Name the function of the red blood cells
    It contains hemoglobin for oxygen and carbon dioxide transport
  21. Name the function of the platelet
    They function in blood-clotting
  22. Name the five types of white blood cells or (leukocytes)
    • Polymorphonucleated cell (PMN cell)
    • Eosinophil
    • Basophil
    • Lymphocyte
    • Monocyte
  23. Name the white blood cells that are granulocytes
    • Polymorphonucleated cell (PMN)
    • Eosinophil
    • Basophil
  24. Name the white blood cells that are agranulocytes
    • Lymphocyte
    • Monocyte
  25. Name the function of the polymorphonucleated Cell (PMN)
    They are the primary phagocytic white blood cell.
  26. Name the function of the eosinophil
    • They contain orange-staining granules in the cytoplasm.
    • They are phagocytic, particularly to parasites.
  27. Name the function of the basophil
    • They contain blue-staining (azurephilic) granules in the cytoplasm.
    • These granules release heparin and histamine.
  28. Name the function of the lymphocyte
    They produce antibodies.
  29. Name the function of the monocyte
    They are phagocytic.
  30. Name the function of dendrites
    They receive the impulse and transmit it to the nerve cell body.
  31. Name the function of a nerve cell body
    It contains the various organalles of the cell (including the nucleus).
  32. Name the function of the nucleus
    It controls the functions of the cell.
  33. Name the function of an axon
    It transmits the nerve impulse away from the nerve cell body.
  34. Myelin tissue is
    the white polysaccharide sheath that surrounds some neurons.
  35. Name the function of acetylcholine
    It transmits the nerve impulse from the axon of one neuron to the dendrites of the next neuron.
  36. Name the function of cholinesterase
    It neutralizes the effect of acetylcoline.
  37. A synapse is
    the space between two neurons.
  38. Name the five types of white blood cells and what percentage of the blood circulation each one makes up.
    • Basophil 0-1%
    • Eosinophil 2-6%
    • Monocyte 8-10%
    • Lymphocyte 20-40%
    • Polymorphonucleated cell (PMN cell) 60-70%
  39. A synonymous name for red blood cells
    erythrocyte
  40. How many rbc's/mm3
    5.1 x 10 6
  41. How many platelets/mm3
    about 250,000
  42. Descibe the shape of a red blood cell
    It is a bi-concave disk
  43. Synonymous names for Polymorphonucleated cells include
    • heterophil,
    • neutrophil
    • segmented
  44. Describe a monocyte
    They possess an indented (heart shaped) nucleus.
  45. How fast does a nerve impulse travel
    100 m/sec
  46. Heparin is an
    anticoagulant
  47. Histamine causes
    • watery eyes
    • itchy skin
    • red skin
    • mucus production
  48. Nerve cells are also known as
    Nerons
  49. Name two types of neurons
    • sensory
    • motor
  50. A synonymous name for platelet is
    thrombocyte

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