An abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth. They can be caused by a developmental disorder before birth, prenatal influences, premature birth, or injures during the birth process.
WHAT IS A DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER?
An anomaly or malformation such as the absence of a limb or the presence of an extra toe. Also known as a birth defect.
WHAT IS ATRESIA?
The congenital absence of a normal opening or the failure of a structure to be tubular.
WHAT ARE PRENATAL INFLUENCES?
The mother's health, behavior, and the prenatal medical care she does, or does not, receive before delivery.
HOW DO BIRTH DEFECTS OFTEN DEVELOP?
If the pregnant woman contracts this viral infection early in her pregnancy.
WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME (FAS)?
Physical and behavioral traits, including growth abnormalities, mental retardation, brain damage, and socialization difficulties.
WHAT IS PREMATURE BIRTH?
A birth that occurs earlier than 37 weeks of development that can cause serious health problems because the baby's body systems have not had time to form completely. Breathing difficulties and heart problems are common in premature babies.
WHAT ARE BIRTH INJURIES?
Congenital disorders that were not present before the events surrounding the time of birth. Example of this is cerebral palsy.