fallacy quiz 3

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The flashcards below were created by user david20x6 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.


  1. Ambiguous use of language or statistics; purposeful or accidental, often funny
    Amphiboly (Amphibole)
  2. Fallacious because offers no evidence, offers its claim as the only proof; circular reasoning; statements often can be reversed
    Begging the Question
  3. Quibbling over the meaning of words to confuse the issue; literalism, pedantry, sophistry
    Equivocation
  4. The use of emotionally charged words, instead of proof; statements or questions that are essentially statements (leading questions, loaded questions, complex questions)
    Loaded Language
  5. Making a false comparison between 2 subjects; “false” because more & more significant differences exist between them; “descriptive” analogies
    False Analogy
  6. Reducing the situation down to an “either-or” dichotomy; the “or” is usually something negative, forcing us to side with the “either”
    False Dilemma
  7. “It does not follow”; faulty induction; too-big leap in logic; breaks the “Rule of Simplicity” (Occam’s Razor)
    Non Sequitur
  8. Using a self-serving excuse, blaming someone/thing else, making logical justifications or apologies for our behavior, scapegoating
    Rationalization
  9. Reducing the opponent’s argument to its most absurd end; sometimes sarcastic
    Reductio ad Absurdum
  10. If we take this one little step, then “swoosh!” we’ll go hurtling down the slope to inevitable destruction; what’s at the bottom of the “slope” is always inevitable & bad and starts with just one step
    Slippery Slope

Card Set Information

Author:
david20x6
ID:
318396
Filename:
fallacy quiz 3
Updated:
2016-04-04 11:25:39
Tags:
english
Folders:

Description:
fallacies
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