Clinical Landmarks

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Author:
mnm2186
ID:
31861
Filename:
Clinical Landmarks
Updated:
2010-09-15 13:30:02
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Anatomy
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Exam 3
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  1. L. Kidney
    T12 - L3 vertebrae
  2. R. Kidney
    T11 - L4 vertebrae
  3. Sternal Angle (of Louis)
    T4/5 IV disc
  4. Superior Angle of Scapula
    T2 spinous process
  5. Inferior Angle of Scapula
    T7 spinous process
  6. Root of Scapular Spine
    T3 spinous process
  7. Jugular notch
    T2 vertebral body
  8. 2nd Costo-sternal joint
    • Sternal Angle (of Louis)
    • T4/5 IV disk
  9. Body of Sternum
    T5 - T9 vertebrae
  10. Xiphisternal Joint
    T9 vertebral body
  11. Xiphoid Process
    T9/10 IV disc
  12. Breast
    2nd - 6th ribs
  13. Nipple (males)
    4th intercostal space (MCL)
  14. Hilum of lung
    • T5 - T7 vertebrae
    • (reflexion of pleura)
  15. Costodiaphragmatic Recess
    • Below 6th rib (MCL)
    • Below 8th rib (MAL)
  16. Thoracocentesis (MAL)
    9th Intercostal space
  17. Beginning of esophagus
    C6 vertebra
  18. Beginning of trachea
    C6 vertebra
  19. Isthmus of thyroid gland
    Overlies 2nd - 4th tracheal rings
  20. Inferior extent of thyroid lobe
    6th tracheal ring
  21. Tracheal bifurcation
    T4/5 IV disc (TTP)
  22. Manubrium
    T3 - T4 vertebrae
  23. Inferior border of superior mediastinum
    T4/5 IV disc (TTP)
  24. Apex of the heart
    5th intercostal space (MCL)
  25. Azygos vein enters SVC
    T4/5 IV disc (TTP)
  26. Central tendon of diaphragm (supine)
    Xiphisternal junction (T9)
  27. Central tendon of diaphragm (standing)
    • Xiphoid process
    • (T9/10 IV Disc)
  28. Aortic Arch (standing)
    TTP (T4/5 IV disc)
  29. Ventricle directly behind sternum
    R. Ventricle
  30. Nerve anterior to root of lung
    • Phrenic n.
    • (middle mediastinum)
  31. Nerve posterior to root of lung
    • Vagus n.
    • (middle mediastinum)
  32. Within or superficial to fibrous pericardium
    • Pericardiacophrenic a.
    • (middle mediastinum)
  33. Formation of SVC
    • 1st costal cartilage
    • (superior mediastinum)
  34. Brachiocephalic trunk
    • Anterior to trachea
    • Posterior to L. Brachiocephalic v.
    • (superior mediastinum)
  35. Ascension of L. Common Carotid a.
    • Posterior to L. Sternoclavicular joint
    • (superior mediastinum)
  36. Ascension of L. Subclavian a.
    • Lateral to trachea (most posterior)
    • (superior mediastinum)
  37. Origin of great vessels (e.g. BCT...)
    • T3/4 IV Disc
    • (middle manubrium / 1st intercostal space)
  38. Transthoracic Plane
    • T4/5 IV Disc
    • Aortic arch (standing)
    • Bifurcation of trachea
    • Azygos vein enters SVC
    • Division of sup. / inf. mediastinum
    • Sternal angle of Louis
    • 2nd costo-sternal joint
  39. Caval Foramen
    • T8 (central tendon)
    • IVC
    • R. Phrenic n.
    • Pericardiacophrenic a.
  40. Esophageal Hiatus
    • T10 (Muscle)
    • Esophagus
    • Vagus n.
  41. Aortic opening
    • T12 (behind diaphragm)
    • Thoracic Aorta
    • Thoracic duct
  42. McBurney's Point
    • 1/3 from ASIS to umbilicus
    • (pain = appendicitis)
  43. Transpyloric plane
    • L1 vertebra
    • (SMA)
  44. Subcostal plane
    • L3 vertebra
    • (IMA)
  45. Supracristal plane
    • L4 vertebra
    • (bifurcation of aorta)
  46. Transtubercular plane
    • L5 vertebra
    • (formation of IVC)
  47. Transumbilical plane
    • L3/4 IV disc
    • (umbilicus)

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