Psychology and Religion
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What is ambivalence?
Conflicting emotions. Freud believed that we had subconscious emotions of hatred and respect for our fathers leading to the Oedipus complex and development of religion.
What is the Oedipus complex?
Desire to posses the mother and have ambivalence for the father.
What is a primal horde?
A group of people arranged around a single dominant male.
What is Animism?
Natural phenomena like animals, rocks, thunder, stars and planets have life or divinity.
What is the Fallacy of Composition?
A flaw in an arguments logic. Aquinas' first way commits the fallacy of composition by saying that just because everything in the universe has a cause, then the universe itself has a cause.
What is the premise against Freud and the Oedipus Complex?
1.) No evidence of the Oedipus Complex can be found in the Trobriand race.
What is the intermediate conclusion against Freud's theory?
Therefore, the Oedipus Complex is not a universal neurosis.
What is the conclusion for the argument against Freud?
Therefore, Freud cannot conclude that Religion is an expression of neurosis caused by repressed guilt.
What are the first two premises for Jung's argument?
- 1.) All of humanity share similar images in myths and religious belief.
- 2.) These images stem from people's unconscious.
What is Jung's intermediate conclusion?
Therefore, all humanity has a shared unconscious which generates these images, called Archetypes.
What are Jung's second two premises?
- 3.) These archetypes are ineffable and numinous.
- 4.) Religious Experiences are ineffable and numinous.
What is Jung's final conclusion?
Therefore Religious Experiences are caused by our collective unconscious.
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