Cardiovascular System

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  1. Facial artery
    La arteria facial
  2. Common carotid artery
    La arteria carótida común
  3. Heart
    El corazón
  4. Brachial artery
    La arteria braquial
  5. Renal artery
    La arteria renal
  6. Common iliac artery
    La arteria ilíaca común
  7. External iliac artery
    La arteria ilíaca externa
  8. Internal iliac artery
    La arteria ilíaca interna
  9. Obturator artery
    La arteria obturadora
  10. Arcuate artery
    La arteria arqueada
  11. Plantar arch
    La arteria del arco plantar
  12. Auxiliary artery
    La arteria axilar
  13. Arch of aorta
    El cayado aórtico
  14. Abdominal aorta
    La aorta abdominal
  15. Radial artery
    La arteria radial
  16. Ulnar artery
    La arteria cubital
  17. Palmar arches
    La arteria del arco palmar
  18. Femoral artery
    La arteria femoral
  19. Popliteal artery
    La arteria poplitea
  20. Fibular artery
    La arteria peroneal
  21. Anterior tibial artery
    La arteria tibial anterior
  22. Posterior tibial artery
    La arteria tibial posterior
  23. External jugular vein
    La vena yugular externa
  24. Internal jugular vein
    La vena yugular interna
  25. Cephalic vein
    La vena cefálica
  26. Axillary vein
    La vena axilar
  27. Brachial vein
    La vena braquial
  28. Basilic vein
    La vena basílica
  29. Median cubital vein
    La vena cubital media
  30. Plantar venous arch
    La vena del arco plantar
  31. Dorsal venous arch
    La vena del arco dorsal
  32. Brachiocephalic vein
    La vena braquiocefálica
  33. Subclavian vein
    La vena subclavia
  34. Superior vena cava
    La vena cava superior
  35. Azygos vein
    La vena Acigos
  36. Renal vein
    La vena renal
  37. Inferior vena cava
    La vena cava inferior
  38. Common iliac vein
    La vena ilíaca común
  39. Internal iliac vein
    La vena ilíaca interna
  40. External iliac vein
    La vena ilíaca externa
  41. Obturator vein
    La vena obturadora
  42. Femoral vein
    La fena femoral
  43. Small saphenous vein
    La vena safena menor (externa)
  44. Great saphenous vein
    La vena safena mayor (interna)
  45. Right pulmonary artery
    La arteria pulmonar derecha
  46. Left superior pulmonary vein
    La vena pulmonar izquierda superior
  47. Left inferior pulmonary vein
    La vena pulmonar inferior izquierda
  48. Left atrium
    La aurícula izquierda
  49. Right superior pulmonary vein
    La vena pulmonar superior derecha
  50. Right inferior pulmonary vein
    La vena pulmonar inferior derecha
  51. Right atrium
    La aurícula derecha (atrio derecho)
  52. Left ventricle
    El ventrículo izquierdo
  53. Right coronary artery
    La arteria coronaria derecha
  54. Right ventricle
    El ventrículo derecho
  55. Pulmonary valve
    La válvula pulmonar
  56. Atrium
    La aurícula
  57. Tricuspid valve
    La válvula tricúspide
  58. Mitral valve
    La válvula mitral
  59. Epicardium
    El epicardio
  60. Papillary muscle
    El músculo papilar
  61. Myocardium
    El miocardio
  62. Endocardium
    El endocardio
  63. Ventricles
    Los ventrículos
  64. Aneurysm

    • -a sac formed by localized dilation of the wall of an artery, vein, or the heart
    • -may be caused by atherosclerosis and hypertension or less often by trauma, infection, or congenital weakness of vessel walls
  65. Angina Pectoris
    Angina de pecho

    • -severe constricting pain or sensation of pressure in the chest, often radiating from the precordium to a shoulder (usually the left) and down the arm.
    • -associated with a lack of blood supply to the heart.
  66. Angiogram

    an x-ray of one or more blood vessels following the injection of a radiopaque substance
  67. Aortic Aneurysm
    Aneurisma aórtico 

    an abnormal swelling in the aorta, which is the large blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood away from the heart to the rest of the body
  68. Aortic stenosis
    Estenosis aórtica

    an abnormal narrowing or contraction that obstructs the outflow of blood from the left ventricle into the aorta
  69. Atherosclerosis

    • -the buildup of waxy plaque inside of the blood vessels
    • -also called arteriosclerosis which is the hardening of the arteries
  70. Atrioventricular Block (A-V Block)
    Bloqueo auricular ventricular 

    • -any interruption of the conduction of electrical impulses from the atria to the ventricles
    • -can occur at atria, atrioventricular node, bundle of His, or purkinje system
    • -variations in severity- 1st, 2nd, partial, 3rd degree (complete)
  71. Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)

    Blood Alcohol Level
    Concentración de alcohol en la sangre

    Nivel de alcohol en la sangre

    • -the concentration of alcohol in the blood as calculated by the weight of ethanol in a fixed volume of blood
    • -mg/dl used to measure the degree of a person's intoxication
    • -legal limit is 80 mg/dL in the US.
  72. Blood Culture

    Cultivo sanguíneo 

    A test in which a sample of blood is drawn and tested for the presence of microorganisms. Usually done when symptoms of blood infection occur.
  73. Blood type exam

    ABO typing
    Examen de grupo sanguíneo 

    • -a test to determine the specific type of blood someone has  
    • -blood sample is mixed with antibodies to determine the presence of the A,B,O antigens in the blood  
    • -the sample is checked for agglutination (sticking together) of antibodies and antigens
    • -also determines the Rh factor (positive or negative) of the surface of the blood cells (positive or negative)
  74. Blood Uric Acid Level
    Nivel de Acido Úrico Sanguíneo 

    • -the level of uric acid in the blood
    • -measured by a blood test to diagnose gout
    • -uric acid is a waste byproduct produced by the liver and excreted by the kidneys. If the kidneys do not excrete enough uric acid, or the liver produces too much, it will end up in the blood, leading to hyperuricemia
  75. Bradycardia

    a slow heartbeat with a pulse rate of less than 60 bpm
  76. Calcium (Ca) Blood Test
    Análisis de calcio (Ca) en la sangre

    • -a blood test to determine the level of Calcium in the blood
    • -usually ordered to check symptoms of bone diseases, some cancers, chronic kidney and liver disease, parathyroid disorders, and nutrient absorption/intestinal disorders
  77. Cardiac Catheterization
    Cateterización Cardiaca

    • -a diagnostic procedure that examines how the heart and blood vessels function  
    • -one or more catheters are inserted through a peripheral blood vessel in the arm or leg
    • -gathers info on the adequacy of blood supply in the coronary arteries and blood pressures and blood flow throughout the heart chambers
  78. Carotid Angiogram
    Angiograma Carotideo

    • -a test to evaluate the carotid arteries in the neck that carry blood to the brain and surrounding tissues for abscesses, tumors, and aneurysms.  
    • -accomplished by injecting contrast material into a catheter in the femoral artery
  79. Complete Blood Count (CBC)
    Biometría Hemática Completa

    the determination of the quantity of red and white blood cells per cubic millimeter of blood
  80. Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
    Insuficiencia Cardiaca Congestiva Venosa

    occurs as the result of impaired pumping capability of the heart that cannot keep up with the metabolic needs of body tissues and organs
  81. Doppler Echocardiography
    Ecocardiografía Doppler

    • -a technique in which Doppler ultrasonography is used to evaluate the direction and pattern of blood flow within the heart
    • -noninvasive.
  82. Echocardiogram

    a graphic outline of the movements of heart structures produced by ultrasonography
  83. Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG)

    1.) a graph record produced by a device for recording electrical conduction throughout the heart (echocardiograph)

    2.) a graphic record of heart muscle activity
  84. Embolus

    a mass of clotted blood or other material brought by blood from one vessel and forced into a smaller one, obstructing circulation
  85. Heart Attack

    Myocardial infarction
    Infarto al miocardio

    1.) the death or damage to part of the heart muscle due to diminished supply of oxygen and blood flow caused by obstruction

    2.) infarction of a segment of heart muscle usually due to the occlusion of a coronary artery
  86. Hematoma

    1.) a localized collection of extravasated blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space or tissue

    2.) a localized swelling filled with blood usually resulting from a break in a blood vessel
  87. Hemorrhage

    the escape of blood from a ruptured vessel - can be internal or external
  88. Hemorrhoid


    1.) an itching or painful mass of dilated veins in swollen anal tissue

    2.) the prolapse of an anal cushion resulting in bleeding and painful swelling in the anal canal

    3.) an enlarged (varicose) vein in the mucous membrane inside, or just outside the rectum
  89. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
    Presión sanguínea alta (hipertensión) 

    persistently high arterial blood pressure- may have no known cause or may be associated with other diseases
  90. Mitral valve prolapse


    Floppy valve

    Barlow's Syndrome
    Prolapso de la válvula mitral

    a ballooning of the support structures of the mitral heart valve into the left upper collection chamber of the heart causing blood to leak backward
  91. Mitral valve stenosis
    Estenosis mitral 

    a condition in which the mitral valve opening has become narrow and restricts the flow of blood from the upper left chamber to the lower left chamber (Left atrium>>Left ventricle)
  92. Nosebleed (Epitaxis)

    Nasal hemorrhage
    Sangrado nasal

    a hemorrhage from the nose, usually due to the rupture of small vessels overlying the anterior part of the cartilaginous nasal septum
  93. Pericarditis

    an inflammation of the thin, sac-like membrane surrounding the heart - the pericardium
  94. Sodium (Na) Blood Test
    Análisis de sodio (Na) en la sangre

    • -a test that is usually done as part of an electrolyte or basic metabolic panel blood test
    • -blood sodium level represents a balance between the sodium and water in the food and drinks consumed
  95. Stroke (Cerebrovascular Accident) (CVA)
    Embolia cerebral (accidente cerebrovascular, ACV) 

    • -sudden death of brain cells in a localized area due to inadequate blood flow
    • -occurs when blood flow is interrupted in a certain part of the brain
  96. Tachycardia

    abnormally rapid heart rate, usually over 100 bpm
  97. Tetralogy of Fallot
    Tetralogía de Fallot 

    a congenital condition that is characterized by several heart defects occurring at once: 

    • 1.) ventricular septal defect
    • 2.) displaced aorta
    • 3.) narrowed pulmonary valve
    • 4.) thickened right ventricle wall
  98. Thrombophlebitis 



    Venous thrombosis

    inflammation of a vein caused by or associated with the formation of a blood clot
  99. Thrombosis

    • -an abnormal condition in which a clot (thrombosis) develops within a blood vessel
    • -the formation of one or more blood clots
    • -occurs when blood flow in arteries or veins is impeded
  100. Varicose vein
    Venas varicosas

    a dilated vein w/ incompetente valves
  101. Ventricular Fibrillation
    Fibrilación ventricular

    • -an often fatal form of arrhythmia characterized by rapid, irregular/fibrillar twitching of the ventricles of the heart in place of normal contractions
    • -results in a loss of pulse and rapid uncoordinated fluttering contractions of the ventricles of the heart
Card Set:
Cardiovascular System
2016-04-18 00:54:42
Cardiovascular System
Magnus Medical Terms
Cardiovascular System
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