Card Set Information
Type of cells that possess a true nucleus organelles and multiplies by mitosis
Introduced the use of agar to produce a solid medium and the inoculating needle (loop) to isolate or transfer an organism.
The study of the form/structure of an organism
The study of algae
Disease causing organisms
Paired structures that occur within the eukaryotic cells nucleus
The genus name should always begin with a capital letter
The study of fungi
According to the Theory of Spontaneous generation living organisms arose from decaying nonliving materials.
The ancient bacteria whose cell walls lack murein (pepdioglycan)
Type of cell lacking a true nucleus and organelles
The second word in the scientific name of an organism that includes a group of identical organisms
These are the microorganisms that are obligate intracellular parasites
Complex lipids found in the cell membranes of eukaryotic cells
Single celled ( and some multicellular) eukaryotic organisms capable of photosynthesis
Developed the first medium (an infusion broth) for the cultivation of microorganisms
Refers to about 50 yrs (1875-1918) of very rapid development
The Golden Age of Microbiology
The scientific name Streptococcus indicates the organisms
The first word in the scientific name of an organism is what?
The study of viruses
Preformed experiments using chunks of meat placed in jars in an attempt to disapprove spontaneous generation
The typical or “true” bacteria are classified in the Kindom called?
Pasteur developed this method using heat to prevent the spoilage of wine
How do prokaryotic cells multiply?
The study of bacteria
This structure surrounds the nuclear material in a eukaryotic cell
Introduced chemotherapy, the use of chemical compounds to treat disease
The scientific name Escherichia coli describes the organism's ____________
The constant movement of the cytoplasm in eukaryotic cells
Koch developed solid ______ for the isolation of bacteria
Koch used a charred splinter of wood to transfer bacteria from a single colonyl this now called the __________ ____________
chemical compund found in the cell walls of prokaryotic cells
The study of the cause of a disease
Small structures within eukaryotic cells that perform specific functions
Alexander __________discovered the antibiotic penicillian
This kingdom contains organisms that are unicellular and multicellular, absorptive and eukaryotic
A group of organisms that has characteristics differing slightly from others in slightly from others in a species, but not different enough to justify a different species name.
Anton van _________________ was the first to observe the presence of microscopic organisms
The study of factors influenccing the occurence and spread disease
Kingdom of organisms that includes algae, protozoans and slime molds
Koch’s ______ describes a set of experimental steps for relating a specific microbe to a specific disease
The study of microscopic organisms
Proteins associated with the DNA in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells
When written properly, the scientific name of an organism appears in __________
Robert ______ introduced the 5 kingdom system of classification.
Edward _______ used fluids from cowpox lesions as a vaccine to prevent small pox.
Joseph ______ introduced the use of phenol (carbolic acid) as a antiseptic/disinfectant to prevent infection.
The scientific name of the organism maybe derived from the _________ of the researcher that studied the organism.
The species name should always begin with a ________ letter small.
Sites of ribosomal RNA synthesis in the nucleus of eukaryotic cell.
Louis _________ performed experiments using “swan-necked” flasks to disapprove spontaneous generation.
The scientific name Neisseria gonorrhea indicates the _______ produced by this organism.
Martinus ________ discovered the presence of filterable agents, viruses, capable of causing disease in tobacco plants.