Microbiology

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Author:
jess03
ID:
31895
Filename:
Microbiology
Updated:
2010-08-31 01:03:57
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Chp crossword
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Chp 1
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  1. Type of cells that possess a true nucleus organelles and multiplies by mitosis
    Eukaryotic
  2. Introduced the use of agar to produce a solid medium and the inoculating needle (loop) to isolate or transfer an organism.
    Robert Koch
  3. The study of the form/structure of an organism
    Morphology
  4. The study of algae
    Phycology
  5. Disease causing organisms
    Pathogens
  6. Paired structures that occur within the eukaryotic cells nucleus
    Chromosomes
  7. The genus name should always begin with a capital letter
    Capital
  8. The study of fungi
    Mycology
  9. According to the Theory of Spontaneous generation living organisms arose from decaying nonliving materials.
    Spontaneous
  10. The ancient bacteria whose cell walls lack murein (pepdioglycan)
    Archaea
  11. Type of cell lacking a true nucleus and organelles
    Prokaryotic
  12. The second word in the scientific name of an organism that includes a group of identical organisms
    Species
  13. These are the microorganisms that are obligate intracellular parasites
    Viruses
  14. Complex lipids found in the cell membranes of eukaryotic cells
    Sterols
  15. Single celled ( and some multicellular) eukaryotic organisms capable of photosynthesis
    Algae
  16. Developed the first medium (an infusion broth) for the cultivation of microorganisms
    John Needham
  17. Refers to about 50 yrs (1875-1918) of very rapid development
    The Golden Age of Microbiology
  18. The scientific name Streptococcus indicates the organisms
    Shape
  19. The first word in the scientific name of an organism is what?
    Genus
  20. The study of viruses
    Virology
  21. Preformed experiments using chunks of meat placed in jars in an attempt to disapprove spontaneous generation
    Francis Redi
  22. The typical or “true” bacteria are classified in the Kindom called?
    Prokaryotae
  23. Pasteur developed this method using heat to prevent the spoilage of wine
    Pasteurization
  24. How do prokaryotic cells multiply?
    Binary Fisson
  25. The study of bacteria
    Bacteriology
  26. This structure surrounds the nuclear material in a eukaryotic cell
    Habitat
  27. Introduced chemotherapy, the use of chemical compounds to treat disease
    Paul Ehrlich
  28. The scientific name Escherichia coli describes the organism's ____________
    nuclear membrane
  29. The constant movement of the cytoplasm in eukaryotic cells
    Cytoplasmic Streaming
  30. Koch developed solid ______ for the isolation of bacteria
    Media
  31. Koch used a charred splinter of wood to transfer bacteria from a single colonyl this now called the __________ ____________
    Inoculating Needle
  32. chemical compund found in the cell walls of prokaryotic cells
    Peptidoglycan
  33. The study of the cause of a disease
    Etiology
  34. Small structures within eukaryotic cells that perform specific functions
    Organelles
  35. Alexander __________discovered the antibiotic penicillian
    Fleming
  36. This kingdom contains organisms that are unicellular and multicellular, absorptive and eukaryotic
    Fungi
  37. A group of organisms that has characteristics differing slightly from others in slightly from others in a species, but not different enough to justify a different species name.
    Strain
  38. Anton van _________________ was the first to observe the presence of microscopic organisms
    Leeuwenhoek
  39. The study of factors influenccing the occurence and spread disease
    Epidemiology
  40. Kingdom of organisms that includes algae, protozoans and slime molds
    Protista
  41. Koch’s ______ describes a set of experimental steps for relating a specific microbe to a specific disease
    Postulates
  42. The study of microscopic organisms
    Microbiology
  43. Proteins associated with the DNA in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells
    Histones
  44. When written properly, the scientific name of an organism appears in __________
    Italics
  45. Robert ______ introduced the 5 kingdom system of classification.
    Whittaker
  46. Edward _______ used fluids from cowpox lesions as a vaccine to prevent small pox.
    Jenner
  47. Joseph ______ introduced the use of phenol (carbolic acid) as a antiseptic/disinfectant to prevent infection.
    Lister
  48. The scientific name of the organism maybe derived from the _________ of the researcher that studied the organism.
    Name
  49. The species name should always begin with a ________ letter small.
    Small
  50. Sites of ribosomal RNA synthesis in the nucleus of eukaryotic cell.
    Nucleolus
  51. Louis _________ performed experiments using “swan-necked” flasks to disapprove spontaneous generation.
    Pasteur
  52. The scientific name Neisseria gonorrhea indicates the _______ produced by this organism.
    Disease
  53. Martinus ________ discovered the presence of filterable agents, viruses, capable of causing disease in tobacco plants.
    Beijerinck

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