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El folículo piloso
La glándula sudorípara
La glándula sebácea
El corpúsculo de pacini
Sensory nerve endings
Las terminaciones nerviosas
Arrestor pili muscle
El músculo erector del pelo
an injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away
a closed pocket containing pus that is caused by a bacterial infection
- -a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by pustular eruptions of the skin caused by an overproduction of sebum around the hair shaft.
- -triggered by hormones in puberty, but also occurs in adults
a genetic condition characterized by a deficiency or absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and irises of the eyes
Alopecia Areata (in patches)
an autoimmune disorder that attacks the hair follicles causing well-defined bald areas on the scalp or elsewhere- often begins in childhood.
a local swelling of the skin that contains watery fluid and is caused by burning or irritation
- -an injury to the body's tissues caused by heat, flame, electricity, sun, chemicals, or radiation.
- -severity described in terms of percentage of total body skin surface affected and depth of skin layers involved
a thickening of part of the skin on the hands or feet caused by repeated rubbing
an abnormal sac containing gas, fluid, or semi-solid material
- -the use of a revolving brush or sand paper to remove acne and chickenpox scars as well as for facial rejuvenation
- -microdermabrasion removes only a fine layer of skin, so results are temporary
an inflammation of the skin. This condition takes many forms but is usually characterized by redness, swelling, and itching.
Injerto de piel
the replacement of damaged skin with healthy tissue taken from a donor site on the patient's body
- -a form of persistent or recurring dermatitis with redness, itching, dryness, possibly blistering, cracking, oozing, and bleeding
- -chronic condition most often seen in children and infants
- -a malfunction of the body's immune system
a groove or crack-like break in the skin
ex] breaks in the webbing of the toes
large tender swollen areas caused by a staphylococcal infection around hair follicles or sebaceous glands
tissue necrosis (death) most commonly caused by a loss of circulation to the affected tissues. Followed by a bacterial infection that causes putrefaction
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
Herpes Zóster (culebrilla)
- -an acute viral infection characterized by painful skin eruptions that follow the underlying route of an inflamed nerve
- -occurs when dormant varicella (chicken pox) virus is reactivated later in life
a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membrane, and eyes caused by abnormally high levels of bilirubin in the blood
a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
- -a type of skin cancer that occurs in the melanocytes
- -the most serious type of skin cancer
- -often the first signs are the changes in size, shape or color of a mole
a solid raised skin lesion that is larger than 0.5cm in diameter and deeper than a papule. In acne, nodules can cause scarring.
a small, red, raised lesion that is less than 0.5cm in diameter and does not contain pus.
ex] pimples and insect bites
an infestation with lice on the head, body, or pubic hair region
a common skin disorder characterized by flareups in which red papules covered with silvery scales occur on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, or buttocks
- -a skin infection caused by an infestation of itch mites.
- -itch mites cause small itchy bumps and blisters by burrowing in the top layer of the skin to lay their eggs
- -a fungal infection that can grow on the skin, hair, or nails
- -also known as ringworm because as it grows, it spreads out in a worm-like circle
- -other forms = jock itch and athlete's foot
- -a skin condition resulting from the destruction of melanocytes due to unknown causes
- -causes depigmentation or irregular patches of white skin or hair
small, hard skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus