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What is a CBRNE?
A CBRNE is an act of terrorism which may involve mass casualties resulting from a deliberate attack casing exposure.
A CBRNE comes in 5 forms. What are they?
- Toxic industrial
- Military warfare agents:
Immediate signs and symptoms may not be evident
Improvised nuclear device
Primary device may designed to attract emergency responders
Secondary devices maybe designed to harm emergency responders
What is a Radiation incident?
Involves any material giving off one or more forms of radiation. Electromagnetic emissions, gamma rays and x-rays or particulate emissions alpha particles, beta particles or nuetrons
What are the initial steps for a Radiation incident?
Stage a safe distance from the incident
Consider emergency rescue of life risks
time distance and shielding provide the best protection
use dosimeters - at least one per crew (2)
Set up initial isolation zone 30mtrs from an radiation incident
If the radioactive substance is on fire then all crews in the vicinity must wear SCBA
request attendance of EPA and the radiation protection branch