visual word recognition
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What are the jumps between fixations during reading called?
What are backwards saccades called and why are they made?
regressions, when a mistake is made
What is the word superiority effect?
We have better recognition for letters presented in words compared to isolated letters/non-words
What are 4 lexical properties that can affect word recognition?
- 1. frequency (more = faster)
- 2. age of acquisition (younger = faster)
- 3. neighbourhood effects (high = faster)
- 4. semantic ambiguity (slower)
Does Forster's model (1976) suggest word recognition is in serial or parallel?
What are the two stages in Forster's model (1976)?
- 1. search in serial for location of lexical entry
- 2. retrieve semantic information about the word
(these are autonomous
How are words in Forster's model (1976) ordered?
What are 2 limitations of Forster's model (1976)?
1. semantic information can influence word recognition speed (priming, ambiguity etc)
2. serial search seems implausible from a neural perspective (brain is too slow for this but we are fast at recognising words)
Is the Interactive Activation Model (IAC) a serial or parallel process?
What are the 3 levels in the Interactive Activation Model (IAC)?
- 1. input of visual feature units
- 2. units of individual letters
- 3. output of word units
What is a limitation of the Interactive Activation Model (IAC)?
letters are coded to their absolute position, but it has been found that priming occurs for relative positions of letters
(eg. grdn still primes garden)
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