Blood Collection, Processing, Storage and Shipment 8.2

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Author:
corbin19
ID:
31931
Filename:
Blood Collection, Processing, Storage and Shipment 8.2
Updated:
2010-08-30 22:24:56
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Blood bank blood collection processing storage equipment NSHS MLT
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Blood bank unit 8.2
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  1. true or false
    the donor registration card should include an address and phone numer.
    true
  2. what is the minimum age to donate blood?
    17
  3. what is the maximum age to donate blood?
    none
  4. true or false
    blood donors do not need a signed consent.
    false
  5. what is the optional information for blood donation registration
    • time of last meal
    • race
  6. what donor occupations involve a 12 hour time delay?
    • scuba and skin divers
    • Heavy equipment
    • Drivers
  7. what donor occupation requires a 72 hour time delay?
    civilian flight crews
  8. donors are screed to prevent harm to which two people?
    • donor from phelbotomy
    • recipient of donor blood
  9. this is a limited physical examination with a detailed medical history.
    donor screening
  10. what is the minimum weight to donate homologous blood?
    110lbs
  11. what is the minimum weight to donate autologous blood?
    none
  12. what is the maximum temperature to donate blood?
    99,5oC
  13. what is desireable pulse range for blood donation?
    50-100 BPM
  14. what is the maximum blood pressure for blood donation? (Systolic and Diastolic)
    180/100
  15. the phlebotomy site must be clear of what?
    skin lesions
  16. what is the minimum Hgb and Hct for blood donation? (male and female)
    • 12.5%
    • 38%
  17. what is the standard method for Hgb determination?
    spectrophotometric
  18. this is a Hgb determination method that is based on specific gravity of blood.
    copper sulfate solution method
  19. for copper sulfate solution method one drop shold be observed for how long?
    15 seconds
  20. what is the interpretation on the copper sulfate solution method if the drop sinks?
    Hgb is >12.5
  21. what is the interpretation on the copper sulfate solution method if the drop suspends.
    HgB is at 12.5
  22. what is the interpretation on the copper sulfate solution method if the drop floats?
    <12.5
  23. whats my name bitches?
    HM2 Lefebvre
  24. QC of the copper sulfate solution method of Hgb determination should be done with what?
    hydrometer
  25. how often should the copper sulfate solution be changed?
    every 25 tests
  26. what are the four categories of donors?
    • acceptable donors
    • permanently deferred donors
    • temporarily deferred donors
    • requires further evaluation
  27. an acceptable donor should be in good health, with a normal physical exam, and last donation more than __ weeks ago. free from acute respiratory disease.
    8
  28. what is the minimum deferral for patients who have a history of syphilis but are now sero-negative?
    12 months
  29. acceptable donors should have no ______ exposure to hepatitis.
    recent
  30. donors with a reactive TB skin test must have what?
    • normal chest X-ray
    • no other symptoms
  31. true or false
    history of mononucleosis is disqualifying for blood donation.
    false
  32. what are four examples of mild medications that acceptable donors may take?
    • brith control pills
    • vitamins
    • hormones
    • weight reduction pills
  33. these two medications decrease PLT function for 1-5 days.
    • aspirin
    • motrin
  34. donors taking aspirin or motrin can not be a sole source of what blood product?
    platelets
  35. donors who have received killed toxoids or killed viral, bacterial, and rickettsial vaccines may donate as long as they meet what requirement?
    symptom free and afebrile
  36. what is the killed toxoid which will be a deferral for blood donors?
    Hepatitis B vaccine
  37. what are three Hepatitis tests which will cause a donor to be permanently deffered?
    • HBsAg
    • HCV
    • HBcAb
  38. donors with a history of babesiosis or Chagas will fall into what donor catagory?
    permanently rejected
  39. donors with a history of creutzfeldt-jacob disease (CJD) will fall into what donor catagory?
    permanently rejected
  40. donors which have a history of Bovine Spongiform Encephalitis (BSE) will fall into what donor catagory?
    permanently rejected
  41. this is a disorder involving rapid decrease of mental function and movement.
    human mad cow (new variant CJD)
  42. donors with a histroy of human mad cow fall into what donor catagory?
    permanently rejected
  43. donors who have had a positive HTLV-1 or HIV-1 test will fall into what donor catagory?
    permanently rejected
  44. donors who answer "yes" to highrisk questionaire will be defferd for how long?
    permanently
  45. after blood donation how long are donors deffered?
    8 weeks
  46. after plasma/platelet pheresis how long are donors deferred?
    72 hrs
  47. how long are donors deferred post pregnancy?
    6 weeks
  48. how long are donors deferred for acute minor illnesses?
    untilll symptoms disappear
  49. how long are donors defered for minor surgery?
    until healing complete
  50. how long are donors defered fro tooth extraction/oral surgery?
    two weeks
  51. how long are donors deferred for most live virus immunizations?
    two weeks
  52. how long are donors who have received a rabies vaccine deferred for?
    1 year
  53. how long are donors deferred for measles/rubella vaccine?
    4 weeks
  54. how long are donors deferred for Hep B vaccine?
    one year
  55. how long are donors deferred for traveling to a malaria endemic area?
    one year
  56. how long are donors deferred for possible exposure to viral hepatitis/AIDS?
    12 months
  57. how long are donors deffered for skin grafts/tattoos?
    one year
  58. how long are donors deferred after release from mental hospitals or penal institutions?
    one year
  59. how long are patients deferred for receiving blood group immunizations programs? (rohgam)
    12 months
  60. how long are donors deferred if after becoming sero negative for gonorrhea or syphilis?
    12 months
  61. how long are donors deferred after brain surgery?
    12 months
  62. how long must a person be in a penal institutiion or mental hospital before they are deferred?
    three days
  63. donors with a serious illness/major surgery in the past ___ months need further evaluation.
    six
  64. donors who are on potent medication need further evaluation for what two reasons?
    • depends on medication
    • depends on reason taking
  65. couging or vomiting patients or patients with weight loss fall into what donor catagory?
    further evaluation
  66. can blood from a therapeutic bleeding be used?
    no
  67. who indicates the amount and schedule for therapeutic bleedings?
    physician
  68. this is blood dontation for the benefit of the donor.
    therapeutic bleedings
  69. what are the three special donor catagories?
    • therapeutic bleeding
    • pregnant women
    • autologous donation
  70. these maintain RBCs, prevent coagulation and nutrients for cellular metabolism.
    anticoagulants/preservatives
  71. what is the pH that blood must be maintained at?
    7.4-7.5
  72. this is the main source of cellular energy.
    ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
  73. decreased amounts of this enables blood to take up O2 in the lungs, while increased amounts of this allows the realse of O2 into tissues
    2,3 DPG (Diphosphoglycerate)
  74. what does ACD stand for?
    acid citrate dextrose
  75. what does CPD stand for?
    citrate phosphate dextrose
  76. what does CPDA-1 stand for?
    citrate phosphate dextrose adenine
  77. although rarely used, blood treated with this must be transfused within 48 hours.
    heparin
  78. when is heparin used as a anticoagulant in blood banking?
    in exchange transfusion
  79. heparin is not a ____________.
    preservative
  80. this is a additive solution to CPD which may causse hyperglycemia in diabetics
    AS1 (AdSol)
  81. what are the four ingredients in AS1 (AdSol)?
    • Saline
    • dextrose
    • mannitol
    • adenine
  82. this is a additive to CPD which allows maximum recovery of plasma and RBCs with a Hct of 60%.
    AS2 (NUTRICELL)
  83. what are the three ingredients in AS2 (NUTRICELL)?
    • Saline
    • double dose of dextrose
    • adenine
  84. this is the mots common anticoagulant preservative in blood banking.
    CPDA-1
  85. what are the four desirable characteristics of CPDA-1?
    • higher pH than ACD/CPD
    • Maintains better ATP concentration
    • Maintains better 2,3-DPG activity
    • Longer refigerated shelf life
  86. what are the only three things allowed in blood bank refrigerators?
    • blood or components
    • blood bank reagents
    • blood samples from patients or donors

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