Anatomy Chapter 1

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flashqueen10
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31968
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Anatomy Chapter 1
Updated:
2010-08-30 22:16:44
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antatomy
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chapter 1 anatomy and physiology
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  1. Which of the following is composed of similar types of cells and performs a specific function?

    A) organism
    B) organelle
    C) organ
    D) tissue
    Tissue
  2. Which of the following is composed of several types of tissues?

    A) cell
    B) organelle
    C) organ
    D) macromolecule
    Organ
  3. Which of the following lists the levels of organization in the correct sequence from least complex to most complex?

    A) molecule, atom, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
    B) atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
    C) atom, molecule, organelle, tissue, cell, organ, organ system, organism
    D) atom, molecule, organelle, cell, organ, tissue, organ system, organism
    • B)
    • atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
  4. Which of the following terms refers to a structure that is located above another structure?

    A) superior
    B) superficial
    C) anterior
    D) central
    superior
  5. The nose is ________ to the ears.

    A) lateral
    B) anterior
    C) medial
    D) b and c, but not A
    lateral
  6. The calf is _________ to the knee.

    A) deep
    B) distal
    C) proximal
    D) A and B, but not C
    distal
  7. Which of the following planes would divide the body into left and right sides?

    A) coronal
    B) frontal
    C) transverse
    D) sagittal
    sagittal
  8. Which of the following cavities contains the pleural and abdominopelvic cavities?

    A) ventral
    B) dorsal
    C) thoracic
    D) pericardial
    ventral
  9. Which of the following cavities contains the pericardial and pleural cavities?

    A) ventral
    B) dorsal
    C) thoracic
    D) Both A and C, but not B
    Both A and C, but not B
  10. Which of the following cavities contains the vertebral canal?

    A) ventral
    B) dorsal
    C) abdominopelvic
    D) cranial
    dorsal
  11. Which organ system is responsible for the production of blood cells?

    A) cardiovascular system
    B) muscular system
    C) skeletal system
    D) integumentary system
    skeletal system
  12. Which of these organ systems function (s) in integration and coordination?

    A) nervous system
    B) endocrine system
    C) cardiovascular system
    D) A and B, but not C
    A and B, but not C
  13. Which of the following systems removes nitrogenous wastes from the blood?

    A) urinary system
    B) cardiovascular system
    C) endocrine system
    D) digestive system
    urinary system
  14. Which of the following systems consists of the glands that secrete hormones

    A) integumentary system
    B) cardiovascular system
    C) digestive system
    D) endocrine system
    endocrine system
  15. Which of the following terms refers to a disease that affects the entire body or involves several organ systems?

    A) chronic
    B) systemic
    C) acute
    D) local
    systemic
  16. Which of the following terms refers to a disease that occurs suddenly and usually lasts for only a short time?

    A) chronic
    B) systemic
    C) acute
    D) local
    acute
  17. The posterior cavity is lined by three membranous layers called what?

    A) thoracic
    B) mediastinom
    C) meninges
    D) parietal
    meninges
  18. The female reproductive system includes which body parts?

    A) testes
    B) ovaries
    C) femur
    D) thyroid
    ovaries
  19. What is the mechanism called which brings about an increasing change in the same direction?

    A) homeostasis
    B) positive feedback
    C) negative feedback
    D) homeothermic
    positive feedback
  20. Which body imaging method may not be used on patients with metal in their bodies?

    A) MRI
    B) PET
    C) X-Ray
    D) CAT
    MRI

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